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• The Hukilau is a song written by Jack Owens in 1948 after attending a luau in Laie,
• Ipu – Made from a single • Pahu – This large
gourd or two gourds glued bass drum is made
together, this percussion from the trunk of
instrument is struck on a coconut tree.
the ground while the The drumhead is
other hand taps rhythms made from
on the sides. sharkskin.

• Ka'eke’eke - bamboo
cylinders are covered at one
• ‘Uli ‘uli – A gourd end and struck on the ground
rattle decorated to create a pitch. The shorter
with feathers used
by hula dancers. the cylinder, the higher the
pitch. The longer the
cylinder, the lower the pitch.

• Pu ‘ili – These rhythm • ‘Ili ‘ili - Smooth stones

sticks and played by the that hula dancers hold
hula dancers. Lengths of
bamboo are cut creating between their fingers.
individual sticks that rattle They are clicked to
against each other when together much like
• Hukilau- A way of fishing invented by
the ancient Hawaiians. The word
comes from huki, meaning pull, and
lau, meaning leaves

• Laulau- • Kaukau- • ‘ama‘ama -

pork wrapped Hawaiian word striped mullet
in taro or luau meaning food. fish
• London 21st century

• London 17th century

Baroque 1600 - 1750
• Comes from the Italian word barocco which means bizarre or exuberant. It is a highly decorated
style of music. Musicians expected to add in their own ornaments.
• Vocabulary Words
• Opera - a staged drama set to music where leads are vocalists with instrumental accompanying
• Oratorio - a large-scale musical work for orchestra and voices, typically a narrative on a religious
theme, performed without the use of costumes, scenery, or action.
• Toccata – a composition for a keyboard instrument in a free style.
• Fugue – very structured; a musical theme is heard jumping from part to part before ending on a final
chord. A conversation between two or more voices.
• What’s going on?
• 1607 - English settle Jamestown
• 1610 - Galileo confirms the earth is round
• 1732 - George Washington is born
J.S. Bach 1685-1750 Germany
• He composed for the church and his patrons.
• Wrote toccata, fugue, for clavier, strings, all sorts
of small ensembles, and many other forms except
• He spent his whole life in Germany.
• He died thinking he would be forgotten; not
having much of his work published.
• Had 20 kids!!

• Famous Pieces?
• Toccata and Fugue in D minor
G.F. Handel 1685-1759 Germany
• Was a very talented musician as a child.
• He wanted to be a musician but his Father
pushed him into becoming a lawyer. When his
father died his first year of university Handel
immediately left and joined an opera orchestra
in Germany and begun composing.
• He wrote 42 operas, 29 oratorios, and hundreds
of other pieces of music.
• He wrote music in German, Italian and English.

• Famous Pieces?
• Hallelujah Chorus (Messiah)
• Va Godendo
Classical 1730 - 1820
• Classical music has a lighter, clearer texture than Baroque music and is less complex. It is
mainly homophonic; having one sound or line of melody at a time that is accompanied by
• Vocabulary Words
• Symphony – a large composition in 3 or 4 movements for orchestra.
• Sonata - usually for a solo instrument or a small instrumental ensemble usually has two to
four sections, each with a unique musical character.
• Harpsichord – parent of the piano; its strings are plucked so it isn’t as loud as a piano.

• What’s going on?

• 1776 – American Declaration of Independence
• 1800 – First true electric battery invented by Alessandro Volta
• 1804 – Napoleon crowned Emperor of France
W.A. Mozart 1756-1791 Austria
• Began playing at age of 4, composing at 5,
wrote his first symphony at age 10.
• He toured all over Europe and later in life
became a music teacher and full time
• He wrote hundreds of musical works;
symphonies, operas, concertos, oratorios, and
solo works.
• Died at age 35 from a mysterious illness.
• Was stalked by a jealous composer!

• Famous Pieces?
• Symphony No. 40 in G minor
• Marriage of Figaro (opera)
F.J. Haydn 1732-1809 Austria
• Came from a poor family so he was sent to live with
a family relative that was a music teacher as a child.
• He made a living playing harpsichord and violin at
the age of 17 and begun composing at the age of 19.
• Composed over 100 symphonies during his lifetime!

• Famous pieces?
• Symphony in G Major (second movement)
• Harmony- Two or more parts performed at the same time.