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HUKILAU SONG

• Ipu – Made from a single • Pahu – This large


gourd or two gourds glued bass drum is made
together, this percussion from the trunk of
instrument is struck on a coconut tree.
the ground while the The drumhead is
other hand taps rhythms made from
on the sides. sharkskin.

• Ka'eke’eke - bamboo
cylinders are covered at one
• ‘Uli ‘uli – A gourd end and struck on the ground
rattle decorated to create a pitch. The shorter
with feathers used
by hula dancers. the cylinder, the higher the
pitch. The longer the
cylinder, the lower the pitch.

• Pu ‘ili – These rhythm • ‘Ili ‘ili - Smooth stones


sticks and played by the that hula dancers hold
hula dancers. Lengths of
bamboo are cut creating between their fingers.
individual sticks that rattle They are clicked to
against each other when together much like
struck.
castanets.
CLASSICAL ERA
Classical 1730 - 1820
• Classical music has a lighter, clearer texture than Baroque music and is less complex. It is
mainly homophonic; having one sound or line of melody at a time that is accompanied by
harmonies.
• Vocabulary Words
• Symphony – a large composition in 3 or 4 movements for orchestra.
• Sonata - usually for a solo instrument or a small instrumental ensemble usually has two to
four sections, each with a unique musical character.
• Harpsichord – parent of the piano; its strings are plucked so it isn’t as loud as a piano.

• What’s going on?


• 1776 – American Declaration of Independence
• 1800 – First true electric battery invented by Alessandro Volta
• 1804 – Napoleon crowned Emperor of France
W.A. Mozart 1756-1791 Austria
• Began playing at age of 4, composing at 5,
wrote his first symphony at age 10.
• He toured all over Europe and later in life
became a music teacher and full time
composer.
• He wrote hundreds of musical works;
symphonies, operas, concertos, oratorios, and
solo works.
• Died at age 35 from a mysterious illness.
• Was stalked by a jealous composer!

• Famous Pieces?
• Symphony No. 40 in G minor
• Marriage of Figaro (opera)
F.J. Haydn 1732-1809 Austria
• Came from a poor family so he was sent to live with
a family relative that was a music teacher as a child.
• He made a living playing harpsichord and violin at
the age of 17 and begun composing at the age of 19.
• Composed over 100 symphonies during his lifetime!

• Famous pieces?
• Symphony in G Major (second movement)
GHOST OF JOHN
• Harmony- Two or more parts performed at the same time.
E F G A
A B C D
E F G
C D
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