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m m

We cannot imagine life without

computers. We have to thank Õ 
  and other
who tried and tried in order to get us
to where we are today.



mhere are a lot of terms can be found over the internet related to computer. All type of
computer have processor, Memory, keyboard, mouse and screen to display output. But
their is a significant difference how people or organizations use computes for their usage.
We can divide all type of computers to 10 categories.



6     6



 6  A
 (6) is a computer whose
original sales price, size, and capabilities make it useful for individuals, and
intended to be operated directly by an end user, with no intervening computer
operator. People generally relate this term with Microsoft¶s Windows perating
system. Personal computers generally run on Windows, Mac or some version of
Linux operating system.
 ¦esktop computer is just another version of Personal Computer
intended for regular use from a single use. A computer that can be fit on a desk
can also be called as desktop. ¦esktop computers comes in different form
vertical tower cases to small form factor.

Laptop computer , Laptop or Notebook all are same. Laptop¶s are
generally small mobile computers run on a single main battery or from an
external power supply that will served as to run the laptop as well as charge the
battery. Laptop contains all the components of computer but all these are
optimized for mobile users.
6     6 A personal digital assistant (P¦A) is a
handheld computer, also known as small or palmtop computers. Newer P¦As
also have both color screens and audio capabilities, enabling them to be used
as mobile phones ( 
 ), web browsers, or portable media players.
Many P¦As can access the Internet, intranets or extranets
  A computer that has a more power resources like Processing
Power, Memory and additional capabilities to perform special task refers to as
workstation. Workstations are often optimized for displaying and manipulating
complex data such as 3¦ mechanical design, engineering simulation results such
as for computational fluid dynamics, animation and rendering of images, and
mathematical plots.
   A server computer is a computer dedicated to running a server
application. A server application is a computer program that accepts
connections in order to service requests by sending back responses. Examples
of server applications include web servers, e-mail servers, database servers,
and file servers.
  In early days of computing Mainframes are big computers that
can fill the entire room or entire floor. Mainframes are mainly used by large
organizations for critical applications, such as consumer statistics, ERP, and
financial transaction processing.

ë Minicomputers are lie between the  
small 6 
Minicomputers also refereed to   
   Minicomputers are more powerful but still compatible version of a
personal computer.

ë A computer which, among existing general-purpose computers at any
given time, is superlative, often in several sensesë highest computation rate, largest
memory, or highest cost. Predominantly, the term refers to the fastest ³number
crunchers,´ that is, machines designed to perform numerical calculations at the highest
speed that the latest electronic device technology and the state of the art of computer
architecture allow.
 !  Wearable computers are computers that are worn on the body. They
have been applied to areas such as behavioral modeling, health monitoring
systems, information technologies and media development. Government
organizations, military, and health professionals have all incorporated wearable
computers into their daily operations. Wearable computers are especially useful
for applications that require computational support while the user¶s hands,
voice, eyes or attention are actively engaged with the physical environment
mhe first generation computers occupied the space of
an entire room, but the present day ones can fit into
the palm. mhere are mainly five generation of
In the first generation
computers vacuum tubes
for circuitry and magnetic
drums for memory were
used.These computers were
very large and generated a
lot of heat; also very
expensive to afford. They
could solve only one
problem at a time. Their
work is based on the
cryptic binary language to
perform the operations.
Input was based on
punched card and output on


In second generation computers

transistors replaced the vacuum
tubes making the computers
smaller, faster and cheaper than
their predecessors.
They could understand the
symbolic language and specific
instructions given by the
programmers in words. At this
time high level programming
languages were developed

Integrated circuit was a

drastic change in the third
generation computers.
Miniaturized transistors were
kept on silicon chips which
enhanced their efficiency
and speed. They became
smaller and cheaper because
of which many people could
afford. These computers
have keyboard and monitor
for input and output and
these could perform many
applications at a time.
§  "   

These are present day

computers. In the fourth
generation computers, the
integrated circuits were
built into a single chip due
to which they became more
efficient and smaller. Other
devices like mouse, GUI
and handled devices also
made the usage of
computers easy