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Priyatmadi

Teknik Elektro FT UGM


What is a Process Flow
Diagram?

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PFD adalah penggambaran proses industri dalam bentuk
diagram menggunakan simbol seperti garis, lingkaran,
segiempat dsb untuk menggambarkan hubungan antara
satu peralatan dengan peralatan lain dalam proses itu.

PFD menunjukkan hubungan antara komponen-komponen


utama didalam sistem. PFD juga memberikan tabel harga
disain proses untuk komponen-komponen yang beroperasi
pada mode yang berbeda seperti, minimum, normal, dan
maksimum

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Apakah Piping and
Instrumentation Diagram -
P&ID itu ?

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Piping and Instrumentation Diagram - P&ID,
merupakan ilustrasi skematik dari hubungan fungsi
antara piping, instrumentation dan system
equipment components.

P&ID menunjukkan semua piping termasuk sequence


physic dari sambungan, reducers, valves,
equipment, instrumentation dan control
interlocks.

P&ID dipergunakan untuk mengoperasikan sistem


proses.

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SIMBOL DALAM P&ID

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SIMBOL DALAM P&ID

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SIMBOL DALAM P&ID

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SIMBOL DALAM P&ID

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SIMBOL DALAM P&ID

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SIMBOL DALAM P&ID

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SIMBOL DALAM P&ID

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SIMBOL DALAM P&ID

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SIMBOL DALAM P&ID
MEASURING INSTRUMENT
First letter
Succeeding letter

FIC55 disebut tagno

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LETTER DESIGNATION
for instrument only
FIRST LETTER
A - Analysis N- User's choice
B - Burner, combustion O- User's choice PT
C - User's choice P - Pressure, vacuum
Q - Quantity
4301
D - User's choice
E - Voltage R - Radiation
F - Flow rate S - Speed, frequency
G- User's choice T - Temperature
H - Hand U - Multivariable
I - Current (electrical) V - Vibration, mechanical analyses
J - Power W - Weight, force
K - Time, time schedule X - Unclassified
L - Level Y - Event, state or presence
M- User's choice Z - Position, dimension
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LETTER DESIGNATION
for instrument only
Succeeding letter
A - Alarm N- User's choice
B - User's choice O- Orifice, restriction
C - Control P - Point (test connection)
D - Differential Q - Integrate, totalizer PT
E - Sensor (primary element) R - Record
F - Ration (fraction N- User's choice 4301
G- Glass, viewing device S – Switch, Safety
H - High T - Transmit
I - Indication U - Multifunction
J – Scan V - Valve, damper, louver
K - Time rate of change, Control W - Well
Station X – Unclassified, X-axis
L - Light , low Y - Relay, compute, convert , Y-axis
M – Momentary, medium Z - Driver, actuator, Z-axis

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LETTER DESIGNATION
example
PT FQI FIC TT
4321 4311 2301 2321

FI LAL PSH LSH


2371 2371 4321 4321

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Standard Sinyal
• 3 – 15 psig
• 4 – 20 mA
• 1 – 5 V DC
• 0 – 10 V DC

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