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Two-stage ammonia plant

With pump separator and hot gas defrosting system


Version No. 06 CEP – 23.02.2015

www.danfoss.com/ir
1 | Danfoss Automatic Controls
Introduction and disclaimer

The application tool is designed to be used as a reference document.


The tool aims to provide answers to the various questions relating to industrial
refrigeration system control and design.
In answering these questions, the principles of different control methods are
shown, using Danfoss Industrial Refrigeration products.
It is non capacity and performance related, and operating parameters of each
application should be considered accordingly before adopting any particular
layout.
The application drawings are not to be used for construction purposes.

Please do not hesitate to contact Danfoss, if you have questions about control
methods, application and controls described in this application tool.

Example of
building layout

2 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Two-stage ammonia plant with pump separator
and hot gas defrosting system - principle
BSV
Cold store #1
SVA
SNV
SVA SVA SNV
AKS

GDA
RT 14 RT 11
ICM SVA
Air purger
CHV CVP NC
SVA To open air
EVRAT SCA
”Wet”
SVA
To liquid separator
ICS3 return line EVRS3 REG
SNV Refrigerant
Air and non
condensable
coil
FIA gas

VLT
SVA REG CHV ICS1 SVA
EVRS Liquid line
(pump) Water tank

Condenser
SVA ICS 1 FIA SVA
Refrigerant vapour
Hot gas RT 280A
from condenser
or receiver
line
Cold store #2 BSV
SVA SNV
SVA
SNV NC NO SVA REG
SVA REG
EVRAT+FA
QDV 15
ICEDRAW.DK

AK-CC 210 GDA SVA

ICLX
SVA SVA From refrigerant pump

CHV Q – min.
SVA SVA SVA
OFV CVC EVM

AKS SNV
To open air 4100
SFA EKC
+DSV 347
SVA GDA
SVA SVA
ICS 3
ICF 20-6-2
L
L Hot gas
AKS 38 G LLG
ICF 25-6-5A
defrosting system
ICF 20-4-9 SVA
Pump SFA
REG
separator + DSV
Equalization SVA
SNV
line
BSV SVA
SVA
SVA EVRAT
SCA-X
SCA-X
BSV FIA
SVA SNV
BSV
SNV
SNV NC NO Pump line FIA SVA
Plate freezer SVA BSV
to SNV SNV SNV
evaporators BSV 2
3
2
3
QDV
Receiver LLG

4
ICEDRAW.DK
RT RT 15

1
Q – max.

0
5

5
260A 260A Q – max.
ICLX SVA SNV SNV
SNV SNV
Electrical
GDA heater SNV
SVA Oil collector QDV 15
SVA
ICF 25-4-9 SVA
BSV SVA
CVP NC NH3 pump NH3 pump

SVA
ICS 3 SVA
Liquid line (sub cooled)
Differential-pressure
system
Charge valve
ICF 25-6-3B SNV
Liquid line SVA CHV
Example of SNV

building layout SV1-3 HP float valve


HP–discharge
SVA

AKS
line
LP – suction line SNV AKS
CHV SVA
SVA
AKS
SVA CHV HP – suction line
AKS
LP – discharge line SNV GDA
Front page Water
rectifier
LP- screw LP- HP- screw
POV compressor GDA reciprocating
To open
air
SVA
AKS
38
compressor POV
SVA BSV8
compressor REG
SVA SFA HP- reciprocating
SVA
compressor
+ DSV
ICE-MATIC
Control DIR-S DIR-S Control
system 2500 SNV 2500 system
ICE-MATIC

KDC KDC
Introduction SVA
ICE-MATIC AKS 33

SVA SVA
SNV
AKS 33
ICE-MATIC SVA
SVA
EVRAT+FA
Sight glass
Check valve FIA PMFL Check valve
SVA SVA
SVA LP
- float valve

i
Intermediate Type SV 4 LP
- float valve EVRAT+FA
DIR-R6 DIR-R6
cooler SVA DIR-R4
Type SV 4

QDV kch SVA


kch 15
SVA REG
QDV 15
SVA
Application
Handbook ICE DRAW by Kurt C. Hilbrecht

3 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Valve station - cold store no. 1 - principle

BSV

SVA SNV SVA

GDA
RT 14 RT 11
ICM ”Wet” return line

CHV
CVP NC
SVA

ICS 3
SNV SVA
FIA

SVA REG CHV ICS 1 Liquid line (pump)


EVRS
SNV
SVA SVA

ICS 1 FIA Hot gas line

i i i i
Cold store 2 Plate freezer GD GD GD RT - temp
Application Guide Technical brochure Instruction Data sheet

4 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Valve station - cold store no. 2 - principle

BSV

SNV NC NO SVA
SVA
AK-CC 210 ICEDRAW.DK
GDA
ICLX ”Wet” return line
SVA
CHV
OFV

Liquid line (pump)

ICF 20-6-2
Hot gas line

ICF 20-4-9

i i i i
Cold store 1 Plate freezer GD GD GD AK-CC 210
Application Guide Technical brochure Instruction Manual

5 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Valve station - plate freezer - principle

Hot gas line Liquid line (pump)


”Wet” return line
BSV

NC NO
SNV SVA
SVA

ICEDRAW.DK

ICLX

GDA

ICF 25-4-9
BSV
CVP NC

SVA
ICS 3 SVA

ICF 25-6-3B
SNV

HP float valve, type SV1-3. SNV


For draining condensed
refrigerant in hot gas line.
To be installed at the lowest point SVA

i i i
Cold store 1 Cold store 2 Atlantic Dawn Vertical freezer GD GD GD SV 1-3
Application Guide Technical brochure Instruction

6 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Valve station - plate freezer – principle a

BSV

NC NO
SNV
SVA SVA

ICEDRAW.DK ”Wet” return line


ICLX

GDA
Hot gas line
ICF 25-4-9
CVP NC

ICS 3 SVA

Liquid line (pump)

ICF 25-6-3B

i i i
Cold store 1 Cold store 2 Atlantic Dawn Vertical freezer GD GD GD
Application Guide Technical brochure Instruction

7 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Screw compressor with oil separator - principle
Suction line Discharge line
SVA

POV
BSV

SNV
PT100 Vi – regulation
AKS 33

DIR-S Control
2500 system
KDC

ICE-MATIC
AKS 33
Check valve SVA
KP7 ABS

Cap. regulation PT100 SVA

i
AKS 33

SNV
Temperature sensor SVA
Data sheet AKS
33
To open air
REG

i AKS
33
SFA
AKS 32 – 33 Double SVA +DSV
Technical brochure ORV
oil filter
PT100

i SVA
KP - press
Data sheet SVA

i Oil heater
Oil pump Oil return Coalescer
elements
NRVA SVA system
KP 7ABS / 7BS
Installation guide
(Oil drain)

SVA FIA SVA SVA


SNV

SNV
SNV

8 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Reciprocating compressor - principle

CHV
ICE-MATIC
SVA

PT-100 AKS
PT-100
AKS

i DIR-R6 DIR-R6 AKS


Temperature sensor
Data sheet
PT-100
i
AKS 32 – 33 kch SVA
Technical brochure

i
KP - Press
Data sheet

i
KP 7ABS / 7BS
Installation guide

Multi-timer Valve manifold


PT-100 SNV FA EVRA type ET20 M SNV KP 7ABS for capacity regulation

9 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Reciprocating compressor - principle

ICE-MATIC

PT-100

AKS PT-100

AKS

i
Temperature sensor
Data sheet

i AKS
KP - Temp. DIR-R4
Data sheet

PT-100
i
kch

KP - Press
Data sheet
SVA

i
AKS 32 – 33
Technical brochure ICECO-400-L

i
KP 7ABS / 7BS
Installation guide

Valve manifold Multi-timer


for capacity regulation KP 7ABS SNV type ET 20 M EVRA FA SNV KP 77

10 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Pump separator - principle
Q – min. SVA
SVA SVA ”Dry” LP-suction line to LP-compressors
SVA

Subcooled
AKS liquid from
4100 intermediate
To open air
cooler
SFA
EKC
”Wet” return line +DSV
347
from SVA GDA
evaporators

LLG

AKS 38 LLG
ICF 25-6-5A

REG

SNV Equalization line


BSV SVA
SVA

SCA-X
SCA-X SVA
FIA
BSV

Pump line
to FIA BSV
evaporators SNV SNV SNV SVA
QDV
BSV 3 3
2
2

15
4
1
4
1

5
0

RT RT
Q – max. Q – max.
i i i
260A 260A
SNV
SNV
SNV SNV
EKC 347 GD GD
Electrical
Manual Technical brochure Instruction
heater

i i SVA SVA Oil collector

GD RT - Press
Application Guide Data sheet NH3 pump NH3 pump

11 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Evaporative condenser, air purging system
and hot gas defrosting system - principle
SVA
AKS SNV

SVA
Air purger

EVRAT To open air SVA SCA REG


To liquid separator

EVRS3 Air and non


Refrigerant
condensable
coil
gas
VLT

Water
tank

Refrigerant vapour
RT 280A from condenser
or receiver

SVA SNV
REG REG
Evaporative condenser
SVA
To ”wet” return line EVRAT+FA
QDV 15
SVA
Hot gas line From refrigerant
Air purger pump
Liquid from pumps
CVC EVM
”Wet” return line
SNV
EVRAT

SVA SVA
ICS 3
Liquid line (pump)
Hot gas
defrosting system
QDV 15

SVA
SFA
+ DSV
SVA
Control system Equalization
de-frost line EVRAT
SVA

SVA SNV
SNV
BSV
SFA + DSV HP float valve, type SV1-3.
SVA For draining condensed Receiver LLG

refrigerant in hot gas line.


To be installed at the lowest point
SNV
SV 1-3 QDV 15
SVA
SVA HP–discharge
SNV line

SNV
SVA

12 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Control system – Defrost pressure with
drain of condensed refrigerant - principle
HP-discharge line
to condenser
Hot gas line Liquid line (pump) CVC
EVM
(XP)
”Wet” return line

SVA ICS 3 SVA

Hot gas line to HP-discharge line


evaporators from compressor

BSV

SVA

HP float valve, type SV1-3.


For draining condensed
SNV refrigerant in hot gas line.
SNV To be installed at the lowest
point

SVA

Condenser and air ICS + CVC


SV 1-3
purging system Detailed

13 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


De-frosting system (detailed) - principle

HP-discharge line
to condenser

CVC (XP) EVM

SVA SVA
ICS 3
Hot gas line to
evaporators
HP-discharge line
from compressor

CVC (XP) EVM

Control system
de-frost

ICS 3
Condenser and air
purging system

14 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Water rectifier - principle

REG
To liquid separator
BSV

ICS3 with
CVP + EVM

SVA

Differential-pressure
system - principle

SVA SNV EVRAT


Sight HP-liquid
glass from receiver
FA
i Contaminated
icedraw

EVRAT SNV
FA ammonia in
Installation guide LP
- float valve SVA SVA
i type - SV 4 FA
FA
Technical brochure

SVA
PMFL + SV
Filling system
REG
ICS3 with
Differential pressure QDV 15 Return to CVPP + EVM
system
SVA pump Mounted in
separator subcooled
liquid line

15 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Air purger - principle

SVA SCA EVRS 3 REG


To liquid separator

Air and non


Refrigerant condensable
coil gas

Water tank

SV1 RT 280A

i Refrigerant with non


condensable gases
SVA
Condenser and air RT 280A
EVRAT From purging points
purging system Data sheet
SNV
i
QDV 15 FA REG
Installation guide REG
FA
i QDV 15
From refrigerant
FA
Technical brochure pump SVA

16 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Intermediate cooler - principle

Liquid line
Liquid line
(sub cooled)
- from receiver

SVA
Equalization line
SNV AKS

LP- AKS
discharge SNV
line HP-suction line

SVA
SFA
+ DSV
AKS
38

i SNV Pilot line


AKS 32 – 33 FIA
Technical brochure Icedraw.DK
SNV
SVA SVA
i
kch

PMFL

AKS 38 LP
Technical brochure - float valve
SVA type SV 4
i
AKS 38 Connection
Installation Guide to
System Cleaner SVA

QDV 15
PMFL + SV
Filling system SVA

17 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Liquid level sensor - type AKS 4100 (cable) -
principle
AKS 4100

SVA

SNV

LLG
AKS 38 (option)
i i
AKS 4100 coaxial EKC 347
Instruction Manual

i i SNV
AKS 4100 cable AKS 38
Instruction Installation Guide

i i
AKS 4100 AKS 38
Technical brochure Technical brochure

i SNV
Pump separator LLG
Installation guide

i
LLG
SVA
Technical brochure

18 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Example of building layout - principle
NC NO NC NO
”Wet” return line
SNV SNV
SVA SVA SVA SVA

ICLX ICLX

BSV OFV BSV OFV


SVA SVA

SNV SNV
To open air

ICF 20-6-2 ICF 20-6-2 Liquid line (pump)

Evaporative condenser

ICF 20-4-9 ICF 20-4-9 SVA


SVA

SVA
SVA

ICEDRAW.DK ICEDRAW.DK

CHV CHV

GDA

VLT System

”Wet” return line

Liquid line (pump)

SNV
SVA SVA

SVA SVA SVA ICLX


Q – min. SVA BSV

GDA ICF 25-4-9

SVA
ICS 3

L
Pump
ICF 25-6-3B

L
ICF 26-6-5A
G
separator
REG SVA
SVA
SNV
SVA
BSV SVA Equalization line
SCA-X
SCA-X
FIA
BSV
SNV GDA
SNV
SNV
FIA SVA

Receiver
BSV
BSV SNV SNV
QDV
23 23
15 Charge valve
RT RT

45
01
45
01
Q – max. 260A 260A Q – max.
REG CHV
SNV SNV
SNV SNV
SVA

SVA
SVA SVA Oil collector SVA

CVC EVM

ICS3
”Dry LP” suction line Hot gas
defrosting system

LP-screw HP-reciprocating
compressor GDA compressor

SVA
CHV

Plate freezer
ICEDRAW.DK

ICE-MATIC
ICE-MATIC

Introduction
DIR-R6 DIR-R6

Intermediate kch

cooler

ICEDRAW.DK

Cold Store Machinery Room Plate freezer Production

19 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Oil regulating valve – type ORV – mixing operation

Screw
RT1A compressor SCA SVA

SVA
© ICE DRAW.DK

To condenser
ICE-MATIC

RT5A

From receiver
or priority vessel

Oil separator
SGI

i FIA

ORV MLI
Installation guide
ORV
i
ORV Oil cooler MLI
Technical brochure (Thermo syphon system)

i
RT Press
Data sheet REG

ORV

Diverting system
A C A C A C
DANFOSS
DANFOSS
DANFOSS

Screw
compressor

B B B

20 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Oil regulating valve – type ORV – mixing operation

From oil separator only From oil cooler From oil cooler only
and oil separator

To
To To
compressor
compressor compressor

A C A C A C
DANFOSS
DANFOSS
DANFOSS

From From
oil cooler oil cooler

B B B

From oil separator From oil separator Port B - closed

i i
Screw Technical brochure Installation guide Mixing system Diverting system
compressor

21 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Oil regulating valve – type ORV – diverting operation

RT1A
Screw SCA
compressor
SVA
© ICE DRAW.DK

To condenser
ICE-MATIC

RT5A

Oil separator
SGI

FIA

MLI

ORV

Oil cooler
(Water cooled system)

i
ORV ORV
Installation guide

i
Mixing system ORV
Technical brochure A C A C A C

i DANFOSS
DANFOSS
DANFOSS

Screw RT Press
compressor Data sheet

B B B

22 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Differential-pressure system - principle

i i i i i
Water rectifier ICS ICS 25-80 ICS 100 – 125 Pilot valves CVPP - HP
Technical brochure Installation guide Installation guide Technical brochure Installation guide

23 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Filling system with low pressure float valve
– type SV 4, 5, 6 and PMFL
Low pressure float valve
- Type SV 4,5,6

Evaporator / Pump Separator


Intermidiate Cooler

icedraw
iced
raw

PMFL

Pilot line

Liquid from
receiver/
Intermediate
cooler.
icedraw

SNV-ST
Pilot Line -
Max. 3 mtr.

kch

Intermediate Water rectifier PMFL SV 4, 5, 6


cooler

24 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Low pressure float valve – type SV 4, 5, 6
Float Connection Cover with guide Valve spindle Adjusting spindle
for float house

Valve housing Packing ring

Strainer
and spring

icedraw
Orifice

! Remember to remove the hexagon


screwes when not using bottom filling. Connection for Teflon-valve plate
bottom filling

Spring Valve cone


i i (guide) with pin
Installation guide Technical leaflet

Water Filling Intermediate


rectifier system cooler

25 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Modulating liquid level regulator - type PMFL -
principle
Manual operating spindle EVM - Solenoid valve

Supplementary Pilot connection to


spring LP - float valve

Gasket

Main spring

Servo piston
Channels in cover
Channels in valve body
Channel in
servo piston
icedraw

Liquid inlet from


receiver/intermidiate Valve seat
cooler

Valve cone

i i i Liquid to pump
Technical brochure Installation guide Pilot valves
Technical brochure separator/intermidiate
cooler/evaporator

Filling system Intermediate cooler kch

26 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


ICF 20-6-2 - principle
ICFE 20 – solenoid
valve module

ICFR 20 manual regulating ICFS - stop valve module


valve module module

ICF 20-6 - housing

ICFF 20 – filter module


ICFN 20 - stop check valve module

i i i
Application guide Technical brochure Installation guide ICFO 20 – manual
opening module

Cold store 2

27 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


ICF 20-4-9 - principle

Hot gas out-let


to ICLX

ICFE 20 ICFS 20
Solenoid valve module Stop valve module

ICF 20-4
Housing

ICFS 20
Stop valve module

ICFF 20
i i i Filter module
Application guide Technical brochure Installation guide

Cold store 2

28 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


ICF 25-6-5A - principle

ICFE 25 – 40
Solenoid valve module

ICFS 25 – 40
Stop valve module

ICM 25-A ICF 25–40-6


Motor valve module Housing

ICFS 25 – 40 ICFF 25 – 40
Stop valve module Filter module

i i i
Application guide Technical brochure Installation guide

Pump ICFE 25-40 solenoid


separator valve module

29 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


ICF 25-6-3B - principle
ICFE 25-40 solenoid valve module

ICFS 25-40 manual regulating


ICFS 25-40 stop valve module valve module

ICF 25-40-6 housing

ICFF 25-40 filter module

ICFC 25-40 check valve module


ICFS 25-40 stop valve module
i i i
Application guide Technical brochure Installation guide

Plate freezer ICFE 25-40 solenoid


valve module

30 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


ICF 25-4-9 - principle

ICFE 25-40
solenoid valve module
ICFS 25-40
stop valve module

ICF25-40 housing

ICFS 25-40
stop valve module ICFS 25-40
filter module
i i i
Application guide Technical brochure Installation guide

Plate freezer ICFE 25-40 solenoid


valve module

31 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


ICFE 25-40 solenoid valve module

Coil

Manual oprating spindle

Armature tube

Valve seat

Armature nut

Bonnet

Gasket
Inlet channel to
solenoid valve

Outlet channel
O-ring

i i i Seat
Application guide Technical brochure Installation guide

Plate freezer ICFS 25-4-9 ICF 25-6-3B ICF 25-6-3A ICFE mounted
(Plate freezer) (Pump separator) (in ICF-housing)

32 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


ICFE 25-40 solenoid valve module

Coil

ICFE solenoid
valve module

Part of
ICF housing

i i i
Application guide Technical brochure Installation guide

Plate freezer ICFS 25-4-9 ICF 25-6-3B ICF 25-6-3A ICFE module
Plate freezer) (Pump separator)

33 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Pilot controlled servo valve – type ICS1- principle

EVM Manual operating


spindle

Marking label

Pilot channels Pressure gauge


connection

Circular groove

i Equalization
ICS Cylinder orifice
Technical brochure

i Piston
ICS 25-80 Pilot channel
Installation guide
Spring
i O-ring
ICS 100 – 125
Installation guide Piston rod
i Valve Plate
Pilot valves
Technical brochure

Cone
Cold store 1

34 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Pilot controlled servo valve – type ICS3 - principle

EVM
CVP (HP)

SI
Top cover

Circular groove
P Pilot channels
S II
Cylinder
Piston
i
Pilot valves
Technical brochure Pilot channel
Spring
to inlet side
i
ICS 100 – 125
Installation guide
O-ring
i Valve Plate
ICS 25-80
Installation guide
Cone
i
ICS
Technical brochure
Body

Defrosting system Condenser and air CVP (HP)


detailed purging system

35 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Pilot controlled servo valve – type ICS3 - principle
Manual operating
spindle
CVP EVM

SI
Top cover

Circular groove P S II Pilot channels

Piston
Cylinder
Spring
i
Pilot valves Pilot channel
Technical brochure to inlet side
O-ring
i
ICS 100 – 125
Installation guide Valve Plate
Cone
i
ICS 25-80
Installation guide O-ring
i
ICS Body
Technical brochure

Water rectifier Cold store 1 Plate freezer

36 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


ICLX with NC-NO solenoid valve - principle
NC: Open NO: Closed
EVM - NC EVM - NO

Spindle, manual opener Top cover

External pressure Spring - main


source inlet.

Pilot channels

Insert
Main piston

Spring - bleed
Valve body

Seat plate bleed


Bleed piston
Seat plate main

i
ICLX ICLX ICLX
Function Technical brochure ICEDRAW.DK

i i
Cold store 2 Plate freezer ICLX 32 - 65 ICLX 100 - 150
Installation guide Installation guide

37 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


ICLX with NC-NO solenoid valve - principle

Closed Bleed Open


NC: Closed NO: Open NC: Open NO: Closed NC: Open NO: Closed

External External External


pressure inlet pressure inlet pressure inlet

ICEDRAW.DK ICEDRAW.DK ICEDRAW.DK

ICLX ICLX

38 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Motor valve - type ICM and actuator type ICAD

Actuator Magnetic
coupling

Top cover

Function module

ICM 100-150

i i
ICM ICM 100 - 150
Quick start guide Installation guide
Valve body
i i
ICM - ICAD ICM 20 - 65
Technical brochure Installation guide

ICM - detail Cold store 1 Magnetic


coupling

39 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Motor valve - type ICM

Magnetic coupling Top housing


(internal)

Label
O-ring

Top cover

Piston
Gasket

O-ring
Spindle

Function
Valve seat module

Valve plate Throttle


cone

i i
ICM - ICAD ICM
Technical brochure Quick start guide
Valve body

ICM - ICAD Cold store 1 Magnetic


coupling

40 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Motor valve and actuator
magnetic coupling system - principle
Actuator
Magnetic coupling
- External (ICAD)

Magnetic coupling
- Internal

Function module

i i
ICM - ICAD ICM
Technical brochure Quick start guide

ICM - detail Cold store 1 ICM - ICAD

41 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Stop valve – type SVA 15–20

Cap Spindle

O-ring
Packing gland

Spring loaded
Teflon ring
Identification ring

Packing washer
- Aluminium
Bolts

Pump Gasket
separator
Fiber, Non-asbestos
Bonnet, flange

Air purger Balls


Bonnet, insert
Reciprocating
Compressor – DIR-R6 Disc spring

Housing Cone, Cone seal


Reciprocating
Compressor – DIR-R4

Plate freezer

i i
Technical brochure Installation guide

42 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Stop valve – type SVA-S 25–40

Cap Spindle

O-ring
Packing gland

Spring loaded
Teflon ring
Identification ring

O-ring

Bolts
Packing washer
Screw - Aluminium
compressor
Bonnet, flange
Gasket
Inter. cooler Fiber, Non-asbestos
Bonnet, insert
Pump separator
Balls

Housing Disc spring


Water rectifier

Cone, Cone seal


Liquid level

i i
Technical brochure Installation guide

43 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Straightway stop valve – type SVA-S 25-40

Spindle
Cap

O-ring

Gasket for cap


Spring loaded
Teflon ring

Packing gland
O-ring

Bonnet, insert
Identification ring

Cone and
Packing washer
Cone seal
- Aluminium

Bolts Housing

Bonnet, flange

Gasket - Fiber, non asbestos


Disk spring

i i
Technical brochure Installation guide

Screw Plate freezer Cold store 1 Cold store 2 Inter. cooler Pump separator Water rectifier Liquid Air purger
compressor level

44 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Stop valve – type SVA-S 50–65

Cap O-ring

Grease
Spindle
Reciprocating
comp.-IDIR-R6

Spring loaded
Teflon ring
Reciprocating
comp.-DIR-R4
Packing gland
Packing washer
- Aluninium
Water rectifier
O-ring

Gasket
Air
- non asbestos
purger
Bonnet

Defrosting
Soft back seat
system Cone, Cone seal

Pump separator Balls

Inter. cooler Cold store 1


Disc spring
i
Screw Cold store 2 Technical brochure
compressor
Housing
i
Plate freezer Installation guide

45 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Straightway stop valve – type SVA-S 50-65

Cap O-ring

Spring loaded
Teflon ring
Spindle

O-ring
Packing gland

Valve bonnet
Grease

Packing washer Housing


- Aluninium

Balls
Bolts

Gasket
- non asbestos
i
Installation guide
Disc spring

i Cone, Cone seal


Technical brochure

Pump separator Reciprocating comp.


DIR-R6

46 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Stop valve – type SVA-S 80-150

Cap
O-ring

Spring loaded
Packing gland Teflon ring

Grease
Identification ring

Spindle
O-ring

Bolts Packing washer


- Aluninium

Valve bonnet Gasket

Balls
Soft back seat

i Disc spring
Technical brochure Cone, Cone seal

i
Installation guide

Screw compressor Pump separator

47 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Straightway stop valve – type SVA 80-150

Spindle

Cap
Gasket

Packing gland

Identification ring

O-ring
Valve bonnet

Grease
Back seat
Spring loaded
Teflon ring
Balls

O-ring
Disc spring
Packing washer
- Aluninium

i Cone, Cone seal


Technical brochure
Gasket

i
Installation guide

Pump separator Reciprocating


Compressor – ICECO600

48 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Regulating valve – type REG SA and REG-SB 10

Seal cap Packing gland Spring loaded Bonnet,insert Screw Packing washer Housing
Teflon ring - Aluminium

O-ring Gasket Packing washer Spindle Locking nut Cone O-ring


f. seal cap - aluminium

i i
Cold store 1 Air purger Technical brochure Installation guide

49 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Regulating valve – type REG-SA and REG-SB 15-40

Seal cap Packing gland Spring loaded Bonnet,Flange Gasket Disk spring Housing
Teflon ring - non asbestos

O-ring Gasket O-ring Packing washer Identification Bonnet,Insert Spindle O-ring Cone
f. seal cap - Aluminium ring

i i
Screw Pump separator Air purger Technical brochure Installation guide
compressor

50 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Regulating valve – type REG-SA and REG-SB 15-40

Packing gland Seal cap

Identification
ring
Spindle

Bonnet,Flange

O-ring
Gasket
- non asbestos

Spring loaded
Housing Teflon ring

O-ring
Disk spring

Cone Packing washer


- Aluminium

Pump separator

O-ring
Bonnet,Insert
Air purger

Water rectifier

i i
Technical brochure Installation guide

51 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Stop check valve type SCA-X 15 – 40

Spring loaded
Spindle seal cap
Teflon ring

Packing gland
-O-rings
Identification ring

Packing washer
Spindle
-Aluminium

Bolts
Bonnet,insert

Bonnet,Flange

Spring Spindle extension

Cone,
Gasket Teflon (PTFE)

Housing

i i
Pump separator Air purger Technical brochure Installation guide

52 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Stop check valve type SCA-X 50-125

Spindle seal cap and gasket O-ring

Packing gland
Valve bonnet

Marking label

Bolts
Spring loaded
Teflon ring

Gasket
Fiber, non asbestos
Packing washer
- Aluminium

Housing
Spring

Spring ring
Guide sleeve
Valve plate
i Cylinder with seat
Technical brochure
Teflon ring
i
Installation guide

O-ring
Pump separator Mixing system Diverting system

53 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Check valve type CHV 15-40

Gasket Spring Housing Cone Valve seat

Identification ring

Bolts

O-ring
Bonnet, Flange Bonnet, Insert

i i
Cold store 1 Cold store 2 Technical brochure Installation guide

54 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Check valve – type CHV-X 50-125
Marking label

Bolts
End cover

Housing
Gasket

Spring
Guide sleeve

Spring ring
Valve plate

Cylinder with seat Teflon ring

O-ring

i i
Reciprocating Technical brochure Installation guide
compressor

55 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Filter – type FIA 15-40

Bolts Housing

Filter element
Marking label

Gasket
Pressure relief (screw)
i
Technical brochure

Packing washer Cover


i
Installation guide

Screw Cold store 1 Inter. cooler Pump separator


compressor

56 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Filter – type FIA 50-200

Gasket

Filter element

Housing
Marking label
- Aluminium

Packing washer
- Aluminium

Pressure relief (screw)

i i Cover
Bolts
Pump separator Technical brochure Installation guide
- Stainless steel

57 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Safety relief valve, type SFA 15
and double stop valve, type DSV1
Marking label

Valve top

Spring

Valve spindle

Valve housing

Valve cone

Steel ball

Valve cone seal


Double stop valve
- type DSV1 Retainer

Valve seat

i i i i
Screw Pump separator Intermediate cooler Condenser and air DSV 1+2 DSV 1+2 SFA 15 SFA 15
compressor purging system Technical brochure Installation guide Technical Brochure Installation guide

58 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Safety relief valve, type SFV and
double stop valve, type DSV2
Plug Marking label

Spring

Valve spindle
Valve top

Valve cone

Valve seat

Housing

Double stop
valve assembly

i i i i
DSV 1+2 DSV 1+2 SFV 20 - 25 SFV 20 - 25
Technical brochure Installation guide Technical Brochure Installation guide

59 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Safety relief valve – type BSV 8

Threaded plug Marking label

Valve top
Bleed hole
Bellow

O-rings
Valve housing

Valve spindle
Spring
Pump separator
Gasket
-Aluminium

Plate freezer

Valve cone

Cold store 1

Cold store 2

Valve seat
POV system
Gasket
-Aluminium

Water rectifier

i i
Technical brochure Installation guide

60 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Pilot operated internal safety valve – type POV -
principle

POV – pilot operated


safety valve

BSV – back
pressure
independent
safety valve

Compressor

Discharge Suction

i i i i
Screw BSV BSV BSV POV POV
compressor Technical brochure Installation guide Technical brochure Installation guide

61 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Multifunctional compressor valve – type KDC

Bonnet Connection to compressor


- suction side

Screw for spring


Bushing for spring

Spring

Gasket

Cylinder

Piston

Cone rod
Glyde ring
and O-ring
Spring
O-ring

Cone Piston rod

O-ring Teflon ring

Valve house
i i
Screw KDC-function Technical brochure Instructions
compressor

62 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Multifunctional compressor valve – type KDC
Connection to compressor suction side

Step 1 Step 2 Step 3

The KDC valve is force-controlled so that when pressure in the oil separator becomes 2 bar (29 psi) higher than the suction pressure, the spring
is compressed and the valve opens. In low pressure units (boosters), the spring requires a differential pressure of 0.5 bar (7 psi) for the valve to open.

i i
Screw KDC - detailed Technical brochure Instructions
compressor

63 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Solenoid valve – type EVRA 3

Coil

Armature
assembly

Gasket

i
Technical
brochure

i
Installation guide

Animation

Flange gasket Strainer Pilot orifice Valve plate

64 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Solenoid valve – type EVRA/T 10–20

Armature
Coil

Valve cover
Pilot valve plate

Valve cover gasket


Pilot orifice

Diaphragm
Equalization hole

i Main valve plate


Valve seat
Technical
brochure
Flange gasket
i Valve body
Installation guide

O-ring
Animation

Manual operation spindle

Condenser and air Water Air


purging system rectifier purger

65 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Solenoid valve – type EVRA 25

Valve cover
Coil

Armature

Compression spring
Pilot valve plate

Piston ring

Pilot orifice
Servo piston

Pilot channel
Valve cover gasket

Equalization hole
Support washer

i Main valve plate Valve seat


Technical
brochure
Gasket
i Valve body
Installation guide

O-ring
Animation

Manual operation spindle

66 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Solenoid valve – type EVRS 3

Coil

Onnection for flexible


Steel hose
Armature

Pilot valve plate

Pilot orifice
Valve body

i
Technical
brochure

i
Installation guide

Animation

Air purger

67 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Solenoid valve – type EVRS/EVRST 20

Coil Terminal box

Armature

Gasket Valve cover

Pilot valve plate Valve cover gasket

Support washer
Equalization hole
Pilot orifice

Valve seat
O-ring

Main valve plate


Manual operation spindle

i i
Technical brochure Installation guide Animation

68 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Oil return system – EVRA3 and Multi-timer

Multi-timer – type ET 20 M 22 MANUAL


OVERRIDE

1 45

7 POWER

1 15 ON

Armature
assembly

O-ring

Strainer

i
Technical
brochure

i
Installation guide

i
Multi-timer
Data sheet

Aluminium Orifice Teflon seat


Animation gasket

Reciprocating Reciprocating Screw Oil return


comp.-DIR-R4 comp.-DIR-R6 compressor system complete

69 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Oil return system – EVRA 3 with Multi-timer
and FA filter

Multi-timer
– type ET 20 M

EVRA 3 SNV

FA

SNV

i i
Reciprocating Reciprocating Screw comp. EVRA 3 FA FA
comp.-DIR-R6 comp.-DIR-R4 Technical brochure Installation guide

70 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


HP float valve type SV1-3

Label Balance pipe

Cover Float housing

Parallel connection Float

Series connection

Float arm

Orifice needle

Float orifice
Throttle valve

Balance pipe
i i
Control system Air purger Condenser and air Technical brochure Installation guide
Defrost purging system

71 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Quick closing oil drain valve – type QDV 15

Bonnet

O-ring

Spindle

Cone Spring

i Housing
Technical
brochure

i
Installation guide

Pump separator Condenser and air Inter. cooler Water rectifier Air
purging system purger

72 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Over flow valve – type OFV 20-25

Packing gland Spindle

Packing washer
Bonnet,Flange - aluminium

Bonnet,Insert
Spring washer

Guide piece
Spring

O-ring
Cone

Sealing ring
Distance piece
(PTFE)
and O-ring

O-ring

i i
Cold store 2 Technical Installation guide
Brochure

73 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Check valve – type NRVA

Gaskets Flange

Bolt and nut

Valve seat

Bore Spring Housing Valve cone

i i
Screw Technical Installation guide
compressor brochure

74 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Stop needle valve – type SNV

Gland nut Spindle seal cap


(Steel)

Seal cap gasket


Sealing ring
(Teflon)

Spindle

Locking ring
(Steel)

Valve seat

i i
Technical Installation guide
brochure

Reciprocating Reciprocating Air purger Cold store 2 Cold store 1 Plate freezer Liquid level
comp.-ICECO-600 comp.-ICECO-400 system

Screw Oil return system Pump Inter. cooler Water rectifier Defrosting
compressor separator system

75 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Pilot Valve - type CVP-LP

Protective cap Threaded pin

Nut Setting spindle

Thrust pad
Spring

Spring guide
Ball socket

Diaphragm

Spring

Base

Orifice

Seal

O-ring

i i
ICS 3 Technical brochure Installation guide

76 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Pilot Valve - type CVP(HP)

Protective cap
Seal (Non-asbestos)

Valve bonnet Setting spindle

Thrust pad Nut

Diaphragm Spring

Spring guide
Orifice

Spring
Base

Flange

i i
ICS 3 Technical brochure Installation guide
kch

77 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


CVC-LP and CVC-XP pilot valve

Seal cap O-ring

Nut
Setting spindle

Spring
Valve body

Thrust pad

Diaphragm
Gasket

Base
Flange

Seal – non asbestos Banjo fitting


with connector

Spring
Gasket

O-rings O-rings

Pilot orifice
i i
Defrosting Condenser system Technical Installation guide
System - detailed brochure

78 | Danfoss Automatic Controls


Commissioning – KP 7ABS / KP 7BS setting

Internal RESET button External RESET button


3
Setting example

STOP/CUT OUT = 13bar

19

S B
DIFF = 4bar START = 9bar

S = Pressure control B = Pressure control


with internal reset with external reset

For testing and setting:


See installation guide.

i i
Reciprocating Reciprocating Screw KP Pressure KP 7ABS / 7BS
comp.-ICECO-600 comp.-ICECO-400 compressor Data sheet Installation guide

79 | Danfoss Automatic Controls