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GAS FLARING

KELOMPOK 7
Adhi Maulana Auzan
Firly Febriane Savitri
Lica Nurmasita

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Outline

▰ Pendahuluan ▰ Dampak Flaring dan


▰ Sistem Flaring dan Venting Venting pada lingkungan
▰ Keuntungan Flaring ▰ Reduction of Flare
emission

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1
Pendahuluan
Definisi, Alasan, dan peraturan terkait

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“ Pembakaran secara menerus maupun
tidak dari gas-gas yang dihasilkan oleh
kegiatan operasi minyak dan gas pada
cerobong tetap (stationary stack) baik
vertical maupun horizontal.

Permen LH no 12 tahun 2012 5


“ Flaring adalah proses oksidasi dengan
temperature tinggi membakar kompenen
yang mudah terbakar seperti
hydrocarbon, yang berasala dari limbah
gas suatu operasi (proses pengambilan
crude oil, dsb)

Ismail, et all 2012 6


“ Venting adalah pelepasan gas-gas
hidrokarbon yang disengaja dan bersifat
kontinyu atau tidak menerus yang
dihasilkan dari kegiatan operasi minyak
dan gas, yaitu dari proses separasi fluida,
ke udara terbuka melalui cerobong tetap.

Permen LH no 13 tahun 2009 7


Emisi dari Kegiatan Industri Migas

Corporate Responsibility Report 2016, PT. Chevron 8


Alasan Penggunaan Flaring

▰ Safety
▰ Ekonomi
▰ Operasional
Flaring merupakan salah satu
teknologi/metodologi yang dapat digunakan.

Soltanieh, et all 2015 9


Gas-gas yang dibakar

▰ Natural gas,
▰ pro-pane,
▰ ethylene,
▰ propylene,
▰ butadiene
▰ Butane
▰ Impurities
▰ VOC
▰ Hydrogen sulphide
▰ Nitrogen Soltanieh, et all 2015 10
Hasil Flaring

▰ CO2
▰ Air
▰ Unburned Fuel Components
▰ Sulphur oxides

Soltanieh, et all 2015 11


Permen LH no 12 tahun 2012

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2
Sistem Flaring dan
Venting
Sistem operasional dan Skema Proses
Venting dan Flaring
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Tipe-Tipe Flaring

Process Emergency Production


Flaring Flaring Flaring

Emam, 2015 14
Sistem Operasional

Sebuah sistem flaring terdiri


dari flare stack, separator,
seal drum dan pipa-pipa yang
digunakan untuk
mengumpulkan gas-gas

Emam, 2015 15
Skema Sistem Flaring

Emam, 2015 16
Skema Sistem Flaring

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Skema Sistem Flaring

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3
Keuntungan Flaring
Keuntungan Penggunaan Flaring

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Keuntungan dari Penggunaan Flaring

Ekonomis Safety Operasional

Soltanieh, et all 2015 20


Courtesy of Google 21
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Dampak Flaring Terhadap
Lingkungan
Dampak Fisik Lingkungan, Ekosistem
dan Kesehatan
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There have been over 250 identified
toxins released from flaring
Penurunan Kualitas udara?

Emam, 2015 23
Acidity
Hujan asam yang bersifat korosif dengan
pH 4,9-5,2

Suhu
Peningkatan suhu menyebabkan
kerentanan.

Fotokimia
Merusak Lapisan Ozon
Soltanieh, et all 2015 24
Courtesy of Google 25
Kesehatan
Kanker dan Gangguan kesehatan lain

Pertanian
Merusak sifat kimia dan fisik tanah,
terganggunya iklim mikro dan penurunan
produktivitas.

Greenhouse Gas
Peningkatan efek rumah kaca
Soltanieh, et all 2015 26
Courtesy of Google 27
Emam, 2015 28
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Pengurangan Emisi dari
Flaring
Dasar-Dasar Pengurangan Emisi,
Proper, dan Teknologi.
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Dasar-Dasar Pengurangan Emisi dari Flaring

▰ Kyoto Protocol
▰ United Nations Framework Convention on
Climate Change (UNFCCC)
▰ Opsi Kebijakan Fiskal dalam Mempromosikan
Penyerapan dan Penyimpanan Karbon pada
Industri Minyak dan Gas di Indonesia.

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Sebaran dan Jumlah Emisi Flaring di Dunia

Recent Global Trends and Policy Considerations, GE Energy 31


Laporan PROPER KLHK pada Tahun 2016

Program Penilaian Pengelolaan Lingkungan Hidup 2016, KLHK 32


Program Penilaian Pengelolaan Lingkungan Hidup 2016, KLHK 33
Flaring Technologies
Gas Flaring Reduction Technologies.

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Gas Flaring Reduction Technologies

Re-Injection Methanol and ammonia


production
Re-injeksi digunakan untuk
memaksimalkan proses Kandungan metana dapat
produksi minyak dan gas bumi digunakan untuk membuat
methanol yang banyak
digunakan sebagai katalis.

Soltanieh, et all 2015 35


Gas Flaring Reduction Technologies

Gas to Liquid Gas Flare Recovery System


converting to liquefied Sistem dan teknologi yang
petroleum gas (LPG), digunakan untuk mengurangi
converting to liquefied natural emisi yang keluar, mengurangi
gas (LNG), converting to biaya operasional, radiasi
chemicals and fuels thermal dsb.

Soltanieh, et all 2015 36


Ada Pertanyaan?
Terimakasih
Sekian presentasi dari kami.

37
Daftar Pustaka

▰ Ismail et all. 2015. Global Impact of Gas Flaring. Nigeria: University of Idatan
▰ Kementrian Keungan. 2015. Opsi Kebijakan Fiskal dalam Mempromosikan Penyerapan dan
Penyimpanan Karbon pada Industri Minyak dan Gas di Indonesia. Jakarta: Kementrian Keuangan.
▰ Michael. 2015. Recent global trends and policy considerations. GE Energy.
▰ Peraturan Menteri Negara Lingkungan Hidup Republik Indonesia Nomor 12 Tahun 2012 Tentang
Pedoman Penghitungan Beban Emisi Kegiatan Industri Minyak Dan Gas Bumi

▰ Emam. 2015. Gas Flaring In Industry: An Overview. Egypt: Suez University.


▰ Corporate Responsibilty Report Highlights 2016 Chevron.
▰ Peraturan Menteri Negara Lingkungan Hidup Nomor 13 Tahun 2009 Tentang Baku Mutu Emisi
Sumber Tidak Bergerak Bagi Usaha Dan/Atau Kegiatan Minyak Dan Gas Bumi
▰ Program Peneilaian Pengelolaan Lingkungan 2016 Kementrian Lingkungan Hidup Dan Kehutanan
▰ Soltanieh, et all. 2015. A review of global gas flaring and venting and impact on the environment:
Case study of Iran. Teheran : Syareef University Of Technology

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Is the color of gold, butter and ripe Is the colour of the clear sky and Is the color of blood, and because
lemons. In the spectrum of visible the deep sea. It is located of this it has historically been
light, yellow is found between between violet and green on the associated with sacrifice, danger
green and orange. optical spectrum. and courage.

Yellow Blue Red


Is the color of gold, butter and ripe Is the colour of the clear sky and Is the color of blood, and because
lemons. In the spectrum of visible the deep sea. It is located of this it has historically been
light, yellow is found between between violet and green on the associated with sacrifice, danger
green and orange. optical spectrum. and courage.

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