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DISCSSION POINTS

• Corrosion types
• Corrosion testing methods
Corrosion

Corrosion is defined as the chemical or electrochemical reaction between


a metal and its environment resulting in the loss of the material and it
properties.
CORROSION

Corrosion rate is define in two form


Sort duration test
Mils per year =K x W/A x T x D

Long duration test


MM/ Year =Thickness loss / time
TYPES OF CORROSION
 Uniform corrosion
 Galvanic corrosion
 Pitting corrosion
 Crevice corrosion
 Microbiological corrosion
 Corrosion fatigue
 Stress corrosion cracking
 Erosion corrosion
 Hydrogen induced cracking
UNIFORM CORROSION

Uniform corrosion is a form of corrosion in which a metal is attacked at about the


same rate over the entire exposed surface.
Uniform thickness loss.
GALVANIC CORROSION

Galvanic corrosion is electrochemical action of two dissimilar metals in the


presence of an electrolyte and an electron conductive path.
It occurs when dissimilar metals are in contact with each other.
PITTING CORROSION

Pitting corrosion is a localized attack on material.


The passive film may be destroyed mechanically or by aggressive ions in an
electrolyte.
Pitting corrosion occur when the amount of corrosion at one or more points on a
metal is much greater then average amount of corrosion.
CREVICE CORROSION

 It occurs mainly in the crevices at junction of two metals exposed in aggressive


environment.
Accelerated attack occurs because of a differential in oxygen concentration.
INTERGRANULAR CORROSION

Alloy such as austenitic stainless steel & some alloys, when inadequately heat
treated during welding results chromium carbide precipitation over grain
boundaries.
Chromium concentration variation between grain vicinity & grain boundary which
initiate corrosion process.
EROSION CORROSION
The combined action involving corrosion and erosion of metals in the presence of
a moving corrosive fluid or a material moving through the fluid leading to
accelerated loss of material.
The most significant effect of erosion corrosion is the constant removal of
protective film the metal surface.
 sharp corners turbulence, leading to erosion corrosion.
This mainly occurs in bends, elbows, valves, pumps, blowers, impellers, nozzles
etc.
STRESS CORROSION CRACKING

The phenomenon of stress corrosion cracking is defined as the occurrence of


microscopic brittle fracture in metal due to the combined action of tensile stress
[residual or applied] some specific environment.
CORROSION FATIGUE

Corrosion fatigue can be defined as materials failure mechanism which depends


on the combined action of repeated cyclic stresses and chemically reactive
environment.
HYDROGEN INDUCED CRACKING

The four essential factors for cracking to occur


Susceptible grain structure martensite.
Hydrogen >15ml / 100gm of weld.
Temperature less then 200c
Stress
MICROBIOLOGICAL CORROSION

Microbial corrosion is caused by the presence and activities of microbes.


The microbes can be bacteria & fungi.