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WORKING WITH RESOURCES

RESOURCES ARE
ESSENTIAL TO PERFORM &
COMPLETE THE
ACTIVITIES IN A PROJECT
MATERIALS are worked upon
and converted to PROJECT
DELIVERABLES by the assigned
MANPOWER using its skills &
efforts with or without help of
EQUIPMENT

WORKING WITH RESOURCES 1


WORKING WITH RESOURCES
RESOURCES ARE CATAGORISED AS
DRIVING RESOURCES : Decide project
schedule according to rate of output
•MANPOWER
•EQUIPMENT / MACHINERY

NON DRIVING RESOURCES


•MATERIALS
•MONEY

WORKING WITH RESOURCES 2


WORKING WITH RESOURCES

RESOURCE SCHEDULING STEPS


 RESOURCE ESTIMATION: ESTIMATE
RESOURCES REQUIRED TO ACCOMPLISH
INDIVIDUAL TASKS
 RESOURCE LOADING: ASSESS RESOURCES TO
BE ORGANIZED FROM PERIOD TO PERIOD
 RESOURCE LEVELING: RESCHEDULE TASKS TO
MINIMISE PERIOD TO PERIOD VARIATION IN
RESOURCES WITHOUT AFFECTING COMPLETION
DATE
 RESOURCE ALLOCATION: RESCHEDULE TASKS
TO REMAIN WITHIN RESOURCE CONSTRAINTS WITH
OR WITHOUT PROJECT DELAY
WORKING WITH RESOURCES 3
WORKING WITH RESOURCES
EARLY START SCHEDULE

WORKING WITH RESOURCES 4


WORKING WITH RESOURCES
RESOURCE GRAPH FOR EARLY SCHEDULE
D-1 D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8 D9 D10 D11 D12 D13
25

20

15

10

Peak Units: 22 22 24 24 10 2 2 1 1 1 1

Men Overallocated: Allocated:

PEAK RESOURCE REQUIREMENT IS 24 & MINIMUM 1


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WORKING WITH RESOURCES
INITIAL RULES FOR LEVELING
 INITIAL RESOURCE LOADING TO BE
BASED ON NORMAL WORK RATES &
NORMAL COSTS
 ACTIVITIES TO BE SHIFTED WITHIN
AVAILABLE FLOAT WITHOUT
CHANGING THEIR NORMAL DURATIONS
 ACTIVITIES ONCE STARTED CAN NOT
BE INTERRUPTED

WORKING WITH RESOURCES 6


WORKING WITH RESOURCES
RESOURCE LEVELING – STAGE 1

D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8 D9 D10 D11 D12 D13


15

SHIFT ACTIVITY ‘A’ 10


PEAK RESOURCE LEVEL
REDUCES TO 15
5
MINIMUM REQUIREMENT 2

Peak Units: 13 13 15 15 10 2 2 10 10 10 10

Men Overallocated: Allocated:

WORKING WITH RESOURCES 7


WORKING WITH RESOURCES
RESOURCE LEVELING – STAGE 2

D-1 D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8 D9 D10 D11 D12 D13


15

SHIFT ACTIVITY ‘E’ 10

PEAK RESOURCE LEVEL


REDUCES TO 13,
5
MINIMUM REQUIREMENT OF 7

Peak Units: 13 13 7 7 10 10 10 10 10 10 10

Men Overallocated: Allocated:

WORKING WITH RESOURCES 8


WORKING WITH RESOURCES
RESOURCE LEVELING – STAGE 3

D-1 D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8 D9 D10 D11 D12 D13


10

SHIFT ACTIVITY ‘B’ 2

RESOURCE LEVEL Peak Units: 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10


REQUIREMENT IS LEVELED AT 10
Men Overallocated: Allocated:

WORKING WITH RESOURCES 9


WORKING WITH RESOURCES
PRIORITY RULES FOR RESOURCE
ALLOCATION
 MINIMUM SLACK FIRST: ALLOCATE
RESOURCES TO CRITICAL & NEAR- CRITICAL
ACTIVITIES ON PRIORITY.
 SHORTEST TASK FIRST: ENSURES THAT
MAXIMISES NUMBER OF TASKS CAN BE
COMPLETED IN CERTAIN TIME PERIOD.
 MOST RESOURCES FIRST: ON PRESUMPTION
THAT MORE IMPORTANT TASKS DEMAND MORE
RESOURCES
 MOST CRITICAL FOLLOWERS: TASKS
PRECEDING MAXIMUM NUMBERS OF CRITICAL
TASKS WILL GET PRIORITY FOR RESOURCES.
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WORKING WITH RESOURCES

RESOURCE
ALLOCATION
ALGORITHM
BASED ON
‘CRITICAL TASKS
FIRST’ RULE

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