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Electromagnetic

Induction

Presented for EC301 by Ankita Poddar, Anubhav Talukdar, Anushka Mukherjee, Meenakshi Thakur
& Mohar Kundu of ECE-B (2Y)
What is Electromagnetic Induction?
Electromagnetic Induction is the production of voltage or electromotive force due to a
change in the magnetic field. Electromagnetic induction was discovered by Michael
Faraday in the 1830s.

How is it generated?

Electromagnetic induction can be


generated in two ways, namely when the
electric conductor is kept in a moving
magnetic field and when the electric
conductor is constantly moving within a static
magnetic field. An e.m.f is induced in the
conductor.
Some important laws:

Faraday’s Laws of Electromagnetism:


First Law:
“When the flux linking with a conductor or coil changes, an e.m.f.
is induced in it.”
Second Law:
“The magnitude of induced e.m.f. in a coil is directly proportional
to the rate of change of flux linked to the coil.”

Lenz’s Law:

An induced current will flow in the conductor in such a


direction so as to oppose the cause that produces it.
What is the amount of the induced e.m.f?
The amount of induced e.m.f. in a coil is directly proportional to:
1) The number of turns on the coil i.e. N
2) The rate change of magnetic flux linked with the coil. i.e. Φ

(By Lenz’s Law)


Few applications of Electromagnetic Induction:

ELECTRIC MOTORS MAGLEV TRAINS INDUCTION COOKTOPS

AC GENERATORS TRANSFORMERS
ELECTRIC MOTORS
A electric motor is a device for
transforming electrical energy
into mechanical energy. A
current is passed through the
coil of the motor and the
interaction of the magnetic
field with the current causes
the coil to spin. Electric
motors can be powered by DC
sources, such as
from batteries, motor vehicles
or rectifiers, or by AC sources,
such as a power grid,
inverters or electrical
MAGLEV TRAINS
Maglev is a system of train
transportation that uses two sets of
magnets, one set to repel and push
the train up off the track as in
levitation, then another set to move
the 'floating train' ahead at great
speed taking advantage of the lack of
friction. With Maglev technology,
there are no moving parts. The train
travels along a guideway of magnets
which control the train's stability and
speed. Maglev trains are therefore
quieter and smoother than
conventional trains.
INDUCTION COOKTOPS
Induction cooking involves the
electrical heating of a cooking vessel
by magnetic induction, instead of by
radiation or thermal conduction from
an electrical heating element, or from
a flame. Because inductive heating
directly heats the vessel, very rapid
increases in temperature can be
achieved, and changes in heat settings
are instantaneous.[In an induction
cooktop, a coil of copper wire is
placed under the cooking pot and an
alternating electric current is passed
through it.
AC GENERATORS

A.C. generators or alternators


operate on the same fundamental
principles of electromagnetic
induction as D.C. Motor. It
produces an e.m.f. by changing the
number of Magnetic Flux Lines
(Lines of Force), Φ, passing
through a Wire Coil. They convert
mechanical energy to electric
energy.
TRANSFORMERS
A transformer is an electrical device
that transfers electrical energy
between two or more circuits through
electromagnetic induction. A varying
current in one coil of the transformer
produces a varying magnetic field,
which in turn induces a varying e.m.f.
or "voltage" in a second
coil.Transformers are used to change
the alternating voltages in electric
power applications. They’re essential
for the transmission, distribution,
and utilization of alternating current
electrical energy