Anda di halaman 1dari 45

Seismik Refraksi

dan Reflaksi
Kelompok 1
Maya Adinda Olivia 03411640000005
Ahmad Adhim Syihabuddin 03411640000006
Lia Andri Anggraeni 03411640000015
Christopher Salim 03411640000025
Aisya Nur Hafiyya Kristanto 03411640000032
Panji Indra Wadharta 03411640000037
Diki Setiawan 03411640000048

2
Pendahuluan
Seismik Refraksi

﹡ Menentukan kedalaman batuan dasar


﹡ Litologi batuan dasar, sesar, kekerasan batuan
﹡ Menggunakan prinsip hukun snellius, azaz
fermat dan hukum Huygens
﹡ Yang digunakan untuk prossesing adalah first
break

4
Tabel Nilai Vp Pada Medium Seismik
Material P wave velocity
(m/s)
Air 331,5
Water 1400 – 1600
Topsoil 100 – 700
Peat 200 – 800
Clay 500 – 2800
Loam 200 – 1900
Loess 300 – 1200
Sand 200 – 2000
Gravel 100 – 2000
Sandstone 800 – 4500
Marlstone 1300 - 4500
Dolomite 2000 – 6200
Limestone 3300 – 6200
Magmatic Rock 2400 - 5200
Metamorphic rock 3100 - 5800
Talus Deposits 600 – 2500
Till 1500 – 2700
Permafrost 2400 – 4300
Glacial ice 3100 – 4500
Alluvium 400 – 900
5
Seismik Refleksi
﹡ Menentukan reservoir, karena penetrasi
kedalamannya lebih baik
﹡ Penerapan konsep disebut sebagai Impedansi Akustik
﹡ Karekteristik akustik suatu batuan dan merupakan
perkalian antara densitas dan cepat rambat
gelombang pada medium

6
Geologi Gresik

﹡ 112º - 113c Bujur Timur dan 7º - 8º Lintang Selatan


﹡ Mayoritas merupakan daratan rendah dengan ketiggian
2-12 meter diatas permukaan air laut
﹡ Termasuk zona sesar Kendeng Gresik
﹡ Jenis alluvial, Grumusol, Mediteran Merah dan Litosol

7
Lokasi Akuisisi
﹡ Tempat : Desa Gadung, Kecamatan Driyorejo, Kabupaten
Gresik awa Timur
﹡ Tanggal : 3 November 2018
﹡ Waktu : 10.00 – 19.30 WIB
﹡ Struktur daerah akuisisi berada pada Formasi Lidah, Cekungan
Jawa Timur bagian Utara.

8
Seismik Refraksi

9
Metodelogi
Alat
﹡ Geosam ﹡ Palu
﹡ Laptop ﹡ Lempeng
﹡ GPS ﹡ Software Seisee,
﹡ 18 unit Geophone Geosam, Wsegycat,
Receiver dan Vista
﹡ 1 unit geophone trigger

11
Pengambilan Data
Mulai

Survei Pendahuluan

Desain Akuisisi

Akuisisi Data

12
Akuisisi Data
﹡ Bentanga 10 meter
﹡ 18 Receiver
﹡ Interval geophone 6 meter (mulai dari meter
ke-0)
﹡ Shot sebanyak 103
﹡ Interval shot 1 meter (mulai dari meter ke-0)
﹡ Pengulangan 3 kali

13
Pengolahan Data Seismik Refraksi
Mulai

Pemilihan Shot

Picking Data

Picking Velocity

Interpretasi

Selesai

14
Analisa Data dan Pembahasan
Analisa Data

Picking first break pada shot 0


Picking First break pada shot 24
meter
meter

16
Analisa Data

Picking first break pada shot Picking first break pada


50 meter shot 76 meter

17
Analisa Data

Picking first break pada shot 102 Picking velocity pada kelima
meter shot

18
Hasil Morfologi dan Karakteristik Lapisan

Hasil morfologi penampang refraktor Karakteristik lapisan

19
Pemabahasan

﹡ Terdiri dari 2 lapisan dengan kedalaman 30 meter


﹡ Lapisan 1 ketebalannya 15 meter, dengan Vp 391.86 m/s
dan Vs 188.24 m/s
﹡ Lapisan 2 dengan Vp 2093.63 m/s dan Vs 1005.75 m/s
﹡ Vp1 < Vp2
﹡ Lapisan 1 adalah lempung
﹡ Lapisan 2 adalah lempung berpasir (sand clay)

20
kesimpulan
Kesimpulan
﹡ Lapisan yang didapat memiliki kedalaman 30 meter dan
terdiri dari 2 lapisan.
﹡ Lapisan 1 memiliki ketebalan 15 meter dengan Vp 391.86
m/s dan Vs 188.24 m/s
﹡ Lapisan 2 memiliki ketebalan 15 meter dengan Vp 2093.63
m/s dan Vs 1005.75 m/s
﹡ Lapisan 1 adalah lempung
﹡ Lapisan 2 adalah lempung berpasir (sand clay)

22
Seismik Refleksi

23
Metodologi

24
Big concept
Bring the attention of your audience over a key
concept using icons or illustrations

25
You can also split your content

White Black
Is the color of milk and Is the color of coal,
fresh snow, the color ebony, and of outer
produced by the space. It is the darkest
combination of all the color, the result of the
colors of the visible absence of or complete
spectrum. absorption of light.

26
In two or three columns
Yellow Blue Red
Is the color of gold, Is the colour of the Is the color of blood,
butter and ripe clear sky and the and because of this
lemons. In the deep sea. It is it has historically
spectrum of visible located between been associated
light, yellow is violet and green on with sacrifice,
found between the optical danger and
green and orange. spectrum. courage.

27
A picture is worth a thousand words

A complex idea can be


conveyed with just a
single still image,
namely making it
possible to absorb large
amounts of data quickly.

28
Want big impact?
Use big image.

29
Use diagrams to explain your ideas

Vestibulum
congue

Vestibulum Vestibulum
congue congue

30
And tables to compare data

A B C

Yellow 10 20 7

Blue 30 15 10

Orange 5 24 16

31
Maps

our office

32
89,526,124
Whoa! That’s a big number, aren’t you proud?

33
89,526,124$
That’s a lot of money

185,244 users
And a lot of users

100%
Total success!

34
Our process is easy
Vestibulum congue
03 tempus
Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur
adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor.
Donec facilisis lacus eget mauris.

Vestibulum congue
tempus
Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur
adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor.
Donec facilisis lacus eget mauris.

01 02 Vestibulum congue
tempus
Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur
adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor.
Donec facilisis lacus eget mauris.

35
Let’s review some concepts
Yellow Blue Red
Is the color of gold, butter Is the colour of the clear Is the color of blood, and
and ripe lemons. In the sky and the deep sea. It is because of this it has
spectrum of visible light, located between violet and historically been
yellow is found between green on the optical associated with sacrifice,
green and orange. spectrum. danger and courage.

Yellow Blue Red


Is the color of gold, butter Is the colour of the clear Is the color of blood, and
and ripe lemons. In the sky and the deep sea. It is because of this it has
spectrum of visible light, located between violet and historically been
yellow is found between green on the optical associated with sacrifice,
green and orange. spectrum. danger and courage.

36
You can insert graphs from Google Sheets

37
Mobile project
Show and explain your web, Place your screenshot here

app or software projects using


these gadget templates.

38
Tablet project
Show and explain your web, Place your screenshot here

app or software projects using


these gadget templates.

39
Desktop project
Show and explain Place your screenshot here

your web, app or


software projects
using these gadget
templates.

40
Thanks!
Any questions?
You can find me at:
@username
user@mail.me

41
Credits

Special thanks to all the people who made


and released these awesome resources for
free:
﹡ Presentation template by
SlidesCarnival
﹡ Photographs by Unsplash

42
Presentation design
This presentation uses the following typographies and colors:
﹡ Titles: Pacifico
﹡ Body copy: Roboto Slab Light
You can download the fonts on these pages:
https://www.fontsquirrel.com/fonts/pacifico
https://www.fontsquirrel.com/fonts/roboto-slab

Fucsia #fe6594 · Purple #7b77c8 · Sky blue #4cc3f8 · Aqua #8ff1ed ·


Salmon #feb794 · Sun yellow #ffdb5c · Gray #627281

You don’t need to keep this slide in your presentation. It’s only here to serve you as a design guide if
you need to create new slides or download the fonts to edit the presentation in PowerPoint®

43
SlidesCarnival icons are editable shapes.

This means that you can:


﹡ Resize them without losing quality.
﹡ Change fill color and opacity.
﹡ Change line color, width and style.
Isn’t that nice? :)

Examples:

44
😉
Now you can use any emoji as an icon!
And of course it resizes without losing quality and you can change the color.

How? Follow Google instructions


https://twitter.com/googledocs/status/730087240156643328

✋👆👉👍👤👦👧👨👩👪💃🏃💑❤😂😉
😋😒😭👶😸🐟🍒🍔💣📌📖🔨🎃🎈🎨🏈
🏰🌏🔌🔑 and many more...
45