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Chapter 2: Cell as a Basic

Unit of life
2.2 Cellular Respiration and
Photosynthesis
Respiration and
breathing are
basically same ?
NO!!
Respiration

•External respiration (breathing)


•Internal respiration (cellular respiration)
Respiration
External Respiration Internal Respiration
• Exchange of oxygen • Oxidation and break
and carbon dioxide down of glucose that
between an organism occur in the living cell
and its environment to release energy
External Respiration
(breathing)
Oxygen

dioxide
Carbon
Environment
(cellular respiration)
Internal Respiration
breathe

glucose

Oxygen
glucose
energy
Carbon
dioxide water
Food
External respiration
Exchange of oxygen Organism and
and carbon dioxide environment

Internal respiration

Oxidation (breakdown) of Energy, water, carbon


glucose dioxide
Cellular respiration equation :
Photosynthesis
Process by which green
plants make their own
food from carbon
dioxide and water in the
presence of light and
chlorophyll
Chloroplast :
Contain
chlorophyll –
absorb sunlight
Cellular respiration equation :
Starch is present if the
brown colour of iodine
solution turns blue black
Hence, photosynthesis
has taken place
Activity 1 :
• Explain the relationship between photosynthesis
and cellular respiration based on your
understanding using diagram
• Compare cellular respiration and photosynthesis
based on your understanding in diagram form
• Amali Book : Activity 2.6 (Discussion)
Factors affecting
photosynthesis
• Sunlight
• Carbon dioxide
• Chlorophyll
• Water
Experiment : Starch test in a Leaf

Inquiry Activity 2.7


Observation : the leaf stained blue black when tested with iodine
solution

Discussion :
1) Boiling of leaf in water – to break the cell wall
2) Heat the leaf in alcohol – to remove the chlorophyll in the cells
3) Dip the leaf in hot water – to soften the leaf
4) Adding iodine solution onto the leaf – to test the presence of
starch in leaf
Method of heating :Water bath

Question :
Why alcohol is heated in this manner ? Why we can
not direct heat alcohol ?
Alcohol is flammable. So, it will catch fire if heated
directly
Observation : the leaf stained blue black when tested with iodine
solution

Inference :(Why was the leaf stained blue black?)


The leaf is stained blue black when tested with with iodine
solution because the leaf contains starch.

Conclusion: If the starch is present in a leaf, the leaf turns blue


black when tested with iodine solution
Experiment : Carbon dioxide is needed for

Inquiry Activity 2.8


Photosynthesis

T S
Hypothesis :Carbon dioxide is needed for
photosynthesis
Variables :
a. Manipulated : Presence of carbon dioxide
b. Responding : Presence of starch
c. Constant : Type of leaves, Quantity of
water
Pot S T
Presence of carbon dioxide Yes No
Starch Observation Leaf turns blue Leaf turns brown
test black
Presence of starch Yes No

Inference :
• Pot S : Leaf S turn blue-black during starch test because
photosynthesis takes place
• Pot T : Leaf T turns brown during starch test because
photosynthesis does not take place
Discussion :
1) Purpose of putting pots in dark place – to remove starch from
leaves
2) Function of Pot S – Act as a control
3) Function of sodium hydroxide – to absorb carbon dioxide in
Pot T
4) How could a big city increases the oxygen content in its
atmosphere ? By planting more trees
5) How does haze affects photosynthesis ? Reduces the intensity
of sunlight which reaches the leaves and affects the
photosynthesis by green plants
Conclusion: Hypothesis accepted.
Carbon dioxide is needed for
photosynthesis
Homework :
Amali book: Discussion Activity
th
2.12 pg.46 (Due 14 Feb 2019)
Experiment : Sunlight is needed for

Experiment 2.9
Photosynthesis
C
B
A
1)Expose the pot under the
sunlight for at least 3
hours
2)Pluck the leaves for
starch test
Brown

Part of leaf Starch test


Observation Presence of starch
A Iodine solution turns blue black Yes
B Colour of iodine solution remains No
unchanged

C Iodine solution turns blue black Yes