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Green Building Design

Submitted by:
Mamata Laudari (071/B.ARCH/518)
Rabin Kambang (071/B.ARCH/528)
Sampada Shrestha (071/B.ARCH/535)
Shankar Chapagain (071/B.ARCH/539)
INTRODUCTION OF THE PROJECT
NAME: ARCHITECTS’ STUDIO
TYPE: OFFICE
LOCATION: BUDHANILKANTHA, KATHMANDU
LAND AREA: 1 ROPANI
BUILT UP AREA: 1896 sq.ft.
NUMBER OF STORIED: 2
NUMBER OF WORKERS: 40 appox.

ENTRANCE VIEW

PROGRAM FORMULATION
1. ADMINISTRATION 2. STUDIO (FIRST 3.GALLERY (CONNECTIING)
( GROUND FLOOR) FLOOR)
 MANAGER ROOM  SUPERVISORS ROOM
 RECEPTION  DRAFTING ROOM
 ACCOUNT  MEETING ROOM
 WAITING LOUNGE  KITCHEN
 RESTROOMS  RESTROOMS
CONCEPT
SUSTAINABLE DESIGN APPROACH

1.PASSIVE SOLAR DESIGN


2.CONSTRUCTION TECHNOLOGIES
 RAMMED EARTH TECHNOLOGY
 REED BED SYSTEM
 BAMBOO CONSTRUCTION
 SUSPENDED FLOORING
3.MICRO HYDRO
BUILDING PLANS

Ground Floor Plan First Floor Plan Master Plan


ELEVATIONS

SOUTH ELEVATION

WEST ELEVATION EAST ELEVATION


MULTIPLE VIEWS

ENTRY GATE VIEW ISOMETRIC VIEW

SOUTH VIEW SKY VIEW


PASSIVE SOLAR TECHNIQUES

• SLOPE IS AT AN ANGLE OF 27 DEGREE


• TWO PANEL IS KEPT 2KV PER DAY
PASSIVE SOLAR TECHNIQUES

SHADE AND SHADOW STUDY


Construction Technologies
RAMMED EARTH TECHNOLOGY

•EARTH WALLS 18” THICK FOR BETTER


THERMAL INSULATION
•FORMWORK
•USE OF NATURAL MATERIALS- MUD AND
RED MUD
• 60% TO 70% : SAND, SANDY SOIL
• CLAY : 10% TO 20% FOR BONDING
• 5% MIX OF CEMENT
• 10 MPA STRENGTH ON WALL
• MUD PLASTER,LINSEED OIL USED FOR
SURFACE TREATMENT OF THE WALLS
Construction Technologies
RAMMED EARTH TECHNOLOGY

RAMMED EARTHED CONSTRUCTION


REED BED SYSTEMS

• Reed beds are becoming the


popular, sustainable choice and
low maintenance method for
wastewater and sludge
management.

• Provides an ecological habitat


for a wide range of species.
WORKING OF REED BED SYSTEMS

The Common Reeds (Phragmites Australis) transfer oxygen directly from their root
systems and through their stems. As a result, the wastewater stored in reed beds is
treated and recycled. The reed bed filters the water just as the conventional biological
filter bed systems of sewage treatment plants.
Construction Technologies
Reed bed system:
 Use of reed beds to form a mini water-purifier
system.
 Pond is lined with gravel at gentle slope, on which
the reed beds grow.
 Dirt in the pond cleaned by the micro-organisms
on the roots of reed bed.
 These organisms make use of the impurities to
obtain nutrients, leaving behind clean water.

REED BED SYSTEM FOR WASTE REED BED SYSTEM IN JAPANESE TECHNOLOGY
WATER FROM HOUSEHOLD CONSTRUCTED WETLAND BASED SEPTIC TANK
Reed bed system:

REED BED SYSTEM FOR WASTE


WATER FROM BUILDING
Reuse of grey water (wastewater from non-toilet plumbing
fixtures such as showers, basins and taps)

Use of grey water for toilet flushing


BAMBOO CONSTRUCTION TECHNIQUES
 Proper treatment and prevention from insect and various climatic
condition for bamboo required.

BAMBOO SOAKED IN BORIC ACID BAMBOO COLUMNS RAISED


SLIGHTLY ABOVE FLOOR
Construction Technologies
Use of bamboo rafters for roofing:
 Bamboo cheaper than wood.
 Has high strength and is light weight.
 Elastic in nature (widely preferred in earthquake prone areas).

A SECTION OF BIO-SAND FILTER


BAMBOO RAFTERS USED FOR ROOFING Use of Bio-sand filters:
Traditional slow sand filter technique.
Used to purify water.
TOTAL 89/110

SUSTAINABLE SITES 20/26

WATER EFFICIENCY 10/10

ENERGY & ATMOSPHERE 26/35

MATERIAL & RESOURCES 12/14

INDOOR ENVIRONMENT QUALITY 14/15

REGIONAL PRIORITY 3/4

INNOVATION 4/6
CONCLUSION
• Rammed earth acts as a thermal mass, storing the heat. The
waste water produced from the building can be reused in indoor
as well as outdoor purposes. Reed beds are becoming popular,
sustainable choice and low maintenance method for wastewater
and sludge management. The hydro turbine produces the energy
which helps in efficiency of energy.
• So, in today’s context sustainability is much in need aspect while
designing buildings.
THANK YOU!