Anda di halaman 1dari 32

ANNEX 7

ELEVATED ROAD WITH


GRASS BANKS

Name Of Group Members :

1. Ichwan GinanDjar
2. Inggit Prameswari Hardiman
3. Janto
4. Kusmini
5. Mario Palentino

UNIVERSITAS GADJAHMADA
YOGYAKARTA
2013
STAGE 1 – Divide Road Scheme into Segments

Calculate Noise Level Contribution from a


Segment
STAGE 2 – Basic Noise Level

Select Hourly L10 or L10 (18-Hour)


Flow
Apply all Speed

FLOW CHART
Corrections Percentage Heavies
Gradient
Road Surface

FOR STAGE 3 – Propagation

PREDICTING Ye
Distance Correction
Is view

NOISE FROM
Ground s Completely
cover Unobstructed
correction

ROAD Screening Correction

SCHEMES
STAGE 4 – Site Layout

Correct For Reflections

Apply angle of view


Yes corrections
Any more
segments

STAGE 5 – Combine contributions from all segments

Predicted Noise Level


OBJECT:
To predict the L10 (18-hour) value prior to the
development of residential houses. A reception point
is choosen from the most exposed of the proposed
eligible façade and is 4 m above the ground.
(paragraph 8) Noise shall be assessed at a reception
point located1 metre infront of the most exposed part
of an external window or door of an eligible room.
STAGE 1.
SEGMENT ROAD SCHEME

CONDITIONS PLAN OF SITE


C

S
3.5 m

d = 60 m
122

C’
cross-section C–C’

3.5 m 2.5 m 7.5 m 50 m

R
d’ h
0.5 m
S
0.5 m 0.5 m
3.5 m 3.5 m
B

Barrier
Edge of nearside
carriageway
Grassland
H= average heigt of propagation between
the reception pont and the effective
source position above the intervening
ground (meters)

H= Propagation area / horizontal distance

Average wide of each segment


H=
Horizontal distance
L1  L2  L3  L4
H=
Horizontal distance

6(0.5  0.5) 7.5(0.5  3.5) 50(3.5  3.5) 63.5 x0.5


H=   
2 2 2 2
63.5

1 6(0.5  0.5)  7.5(0.5  3.5)  50(3.5  3.5) 0.5


H= (( )) 
63.5 2 2

H= 3.29 m
STAGE 2.
BASIC NOISE LEVEL

The road surface is imprevious and a surface


correction is not requaired as a traffic speed is
greater than 75 km/h (para 16).

No Road condition
1 Traffic flow (Q) 35.000 veh/18 hour day
2 Traffic speed (V) 80 km/h
3 Heavy vehicle 10 p %
4 Gradient 0%
5 Road surface impervious
Correction basic noise level

1. Traffic volume correction value can be determined by two


method, using chart pattern or manual counting.

a. Chart patern 3.
To find correction value by looking at a graph, go on the x axis to
where x = 35. Then go up to the point, and determine that point's y
value. That point's y value is 74,5 db(A).

74,5

35
b. Manual counting with L10 formula

L10 = 29,1 + 10 Log 10 Q


= 29,1 + 10 Log 10 35000
= 74,540 db(A)

2. Correction of traffic speed and heavy vehicle presentage. That


correction can be determined by using chart 4 or manual
counting.

a. Chart pattern 4.
To find correction value by looking at a chart, go on the x axis
where v = 80. Then go up, and determine that point's y value.
That point's y value is 2,6 db(A).
Chart 4

+ 2,6

80

b. Manual counting with formula


C = 33 log 10  v  40  500  + 10 log 10  5 p  - 68,8 db(A)
1  
 v   v 
 500   5.10 
C = 33 log 10  80  40   + 10 log 10 1   - 68,8 db(A)
80   80 

C = 2,649 db(A)
3. Correction with gradient
a. Chart pattern 6.
Basic noise correction of gradient use chart 6 with x value
determine the gradient and y determine the bassic noise
correction. This case the gradient is 0 means the correction
factor as 0 (paragraph 15) as a showh at chart below.
b. The equation for counting basic noise correction for determine
gradient is:
Correction = 0,3 x G
= 0,3 x 0
= 0 db(A)

4. Correction of road surface


Chart 4 is used to to determine correction of basic noise to
impervious road surface characteristic and traffic speed (V) as
75 km/h. There is some criterion :
Rigid pavement correction = 10 x 10log (90 TD + 30) – 20 dBA

Flexible pavement = 10 x 10log (20 TD + 60) – 20 dBA

where TD is the pavement thickness measured by sand-patch test


(paragraph 16)
Because of no information about pavement spesification, this case
use the assumption 0, then the correction is 0 dBA. The total
calculation can be shown as a table below.

No Road condition Value


1 Traffic flow (Q) 74,5
2 Traffic speed (V) + 2,6
3 Heavy vehicle 0
4 Gradient 0
Basic noise level 77,1
In Annex 7, propagation is calculated based on two
conditions :
Condition 1 : Assuming ground attenuation
STAGE 3. Propagation
Condition 2 : The embankment provides screening with the
reception point and the illuminated zone
(paragraph 22.3).

3.5 m 2.5 m 7.5 m 50 m

2
R
d’ h
0.5 m
S
0.5 m 0.5 m
3.5 m
3.5 m
B

1
Barrier
Edge of nearside
carriageway Grassland
A. Distance Correction Factor (paragraph 18)
Condition 1 and condition 2 have same value for distance
correction factor which is its have same nearest distance from
edge of nearside carriageway = 60 m and relative height for noise
source = 0,5 m so that the correction value is equal.
a. By Using Chart 7
• In the x-axis , d = 60
• h = 4-3,5 h = 0,5 in y-ordinate.
• Draw a line parallel x-axis hor h value, and draw a vertical
line for d value, and then we will get intersection point value
from corelation between curve -6 and curve -7 = -6,7.

b. By Using Equation
d’ = {( d + 3,5)2 + h2 )}1/2
= {( 60 + 3,5)2 + 0,52 )}1/2
= 63,5 m

Determine distance correction


= - 10 Log10 { (d’/13,5)1/2}
= - 10 Log10 { (63,5’/13,5)1/2}
= - 6,7 dB(A)
B. Average height propagation
correction factor
a. Condition 1
3.5 m 2.5 m 7.5 m 50 m

d’ h
A4 0.5 m
S
0.5 m 3.5 m
0.5 m A1
A2 3.5 m A3

3m

Average height of propagation,


H = (A1 + A2 + A3 + A4) / d’
Deployment area = ( ½ (3,5 + 4) ) (63,5) - ½ (3) (7,5) – (3) (6)
= 208,875 m²

Horizontal distance between source and receiver = 63,5 m.


DeploymentArea
H
Horizontal Distnce
208,875
H 
63,5
H  3, 29 m
Ground absorbent proportion (I) is percentage of sound absorbed
ground surface. Land condition in Annex 7 is a grass embankment
which can absorb noise (I=1), after the value of H and I determined,
by using chart 8 or equation the correction factor can be
determined.
Using chart 8
• X-axis , d = 60
• Y-ordinate , H = 3,29
• Draw a line parallel x-axis hor H value, and draw a vertical line
for d value, and then we will get intersection point value from
corelation between curve -2 dan -3 = – 2,8

Equation:
0,75 < H < ((d+5)/6) ,
0,75 < 3,29 < 10,83

Then used equal is :


= 5,2 x I x Log10 {(6H – 1,5) / (d + 3,5)} dB(A)
= 5,2 x 1 x Log10 {(6 x 3,29 - 1,5) / (60 + 3,5)} dB(A)
= - 2,8 dB(A)
b. Condition 2
Correction factor is 0 because sound is hindered by embankment
without ground absorbent.
C. Barrier Correction Factor
Condition 1
Barrier correction factor for condition 1 = 0 db(A)

Condition 2
By using chart 9 the position of receiver can be known
that in illuminated zone or shadow zone, then
determine path difference (ð) which is for purposes of
the Noise Insulation Regulation it is required to
calculated nearest 0,001 m (para. 21.1). in Annex 7
position of receiver is in the illuminated zone.
3.5 m 2.5 m 7.5 m 50 m

R
d’
0.5 m
S
0.5 m 0.5 m
0.5 m

B 3.5 m 3m
PART DIFFERENT
= SB + BR – SR
= (0.5²+6²)½ + (1²+57.5²) ½ - (0.5² + 63.5²) ½
= 0.028 m
By using chart 9b,
with ð = 0,028
(i = 0,0 and j = 0,028),
the correction factor is -2,4
db(A). (interpolation).
No Correction Condition 1 Condition 2
1 Nearest distance factor - 6,7 - 6,7
2 Average height - 2,8 0
propagation factor
3 Barrier factor 0 - 2,4
4 Total Propagation - 9,5 - 9,1
Correction
Stage 4.
Measurement of Site
Layout Influence
Impact factor in Site Layout are:
1. Façade (frontage of building)
2. Opposite facade angle, because there is no opposite building,
so Ø’ = 0
3. Angle of view in each segment
4. Because there is no obstacle/backstop, thus the condition of
this segment is single (condition 1 = condition 2)

For more details can be seen in the table below:


No Site Lay-Out Factor Condition 1 Condition 2
1 Facade - -
2 Opposite facade 0 0
angle
3 Angle of view 122º 122º
segment
Correction factor of Site Layout:

1. Although there is no FACADE, but for noise measurement still


need correction by 2.5 dB(A)  paragraph 26.1

No Component Condition 1 Condition 2


1 Facade + 2,5 + 2,5
2 Opposite facade 0 0
angle
3 Angle of view segment -1,7 - 1,7
Correction factor cause of + 0,8 +0,8
site layout

2. Correction cause of opposite facade angle reflection of road


because Ø’ = 0, so the correction value is 0 dB(A)

3. Correction of angle of view segment also can be obtained with


use graph 10 or calculate it with formula k = 10 log 10 (Ø/180)
Using chart 10
Using formula :

Correction = 10 log 10 (Ø/180)


= 10 log 10 (122/180)
= - 1,689 dB(A)
Total correction of Site Lay Out:
No Component Condition 1 Condition 2
1 Correction factor of facade 2,5 dB(A) 2,5 dB(A)
2 Correction factor of 0 0
Opposite facade angle
refletion
3 Correction factor of angle - 1,7 dB(A) -1,7 dB(A)
of view segment
Correction factor of Site 0,8 dB(A) 0,8 dB(A)
Layout
Stage 5.
Measurement of
Propagation Level
Measurement of carriageway propagation level in the
elevated road with edge of grass banks.

No Correction factor Condition 1 Condition 2


1 Basic Noise Level 77.1 77.1
2 Propagation Level -9,5 -9,1
3 Site Layout 0,8 0,8
4 Total Noise Level 68,4 68,8

Conclusion :
Value 68,4 dB(A) is used for planning purpose