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What is Performing Arts?

Performing arts are a form of art in which artists


use their voices, bodies or inanimate objects to
convey artistic expression. It is different
from visual arts, which is when artists use paint,
canvas or various materials to create physical or
static art objects. Performing arts include a
range of disciplines which are performed in front
of a live audience.
MEDIUM

A defining characteristic of
performing arts is the body, which is
considered as the primary medium
and conceptual material on which
performance art is based.
What is the relationship between
communication and expression?
 The body is the basic tool for expression and communication
because us as a human being, we always tend to interact with
each other.
 Its like the butter to your bread,its like that thing which you think you
can survive without but its so much more easier with it!
Its interesting to note that communication also existed before there
was something called "languages" and i presume the mode of
communication would be Expressions-facial,hand movements
anything for that matter.
Human beings have this great ability to communicate through
expressions,which is a gift actually.
TYPES


MUSIC
Music is a form of art whose medium
is silence and sound. The
performance, creation, significance
and definition of this art depend on
the social context and culture. Music
can range from organized
composition up to improvisational
music.
DANCE
Dance generally refers to the art of
moving the body rhythmically either
used as a form of expression or in a
social, spiritual or performance
setting. It is also used to describe
methods of non-verbal
communication.
The Itik-Itik
The best description of the Itik-Itik is that
the steps mimic the way a duck walks, as well as
the way it splashes water on its back to attract a
mate. According to popular tradition, the
dance was created by a lady named Kanang
who choreographed the steps while dancing at
a baptismal party. The other guests copied her
movements, and everyone liked the dance so
much that it has been passed along ever since.
 The Tinikling
 The Tinikling is considered by many to be the Philippines'
national dance. The dance's movements imitate the
movement of the tikling bird as it walks around through tall
grass and between tree branches. People perform the dance
using bamboo poles. The dance is composed of three basic
steps which include singles, doubles and hops. It looks similar
to playing jump rope, except that the dancers perform the
steps around and between the bamboo poles, and the
dance becomes faster until someone makes a mistake and
the next set of dancers takes a turn.
The Sayaw sa Bangko
The Sayaw sa Bangko is performed on top
of a narrow bench. Dancers need good
balance as they go through a series of
movements that include some impressive
acrobatics. This dance traces its roots
back to the areas of Pangapisan,
Lingayen and Pangasinan.
The Pandanggo sa Ilaw
The Pandanggo sa Ilaw is similar to a
Spanish Fandango, but the Pandanggo is
performed while balancing three oil lamps
- one on the head, and one in each
hand. It's a lively dance that originated on
Lubang Island. The music is in 3/4 time and
is usually accompanied by castanets.

 The Maglalatik
 The Maglalatik is a mock war dance that depicts a fight
over coconut meat, a highly-prized food. The dance is
broken into four parts: two devoted to the battle and
two devoted to reconciling. The men of the dance wear
coconut shells as part of their costumes, and they slap
them in rhythm with the music. The Maglalatik is danced
in the religious procession during the fiesta of Biñan as an
offering to San Isidro de Labrador, the patron saint of
farmers.
DRAMA
Drama is concerned with acting out stories in
front of an audience. It uses speech, gesture,
music, dance, sound and more elements of the
other performing arts. The structure of the text
for dramas is usually influence by collective
reception and collaborative production.
Others types: Oratory, Opera, Magic and Circus
Arts
Sound Improvisation

Is the creative activity of immediate


("in the moment") musical
composition, which combines
performance with communication of
emotions and instrumental technique
as well as spontaneous response to
other musicians.
Theatre Improvisation

Often called “improv” or “impro”,


is the form of theatre,
often comedy, in which most or
all of what is performed is
unplanned or unscripted; created
spontaneously by the performers.
 TECHNIQUES
- The Playwright's craft (able to present a reality to the audience
that is different, and creating the kind of dialogue)
- The Director's craft (responsible for the actual production of a
play)
Performers:
- Body (Facial expression, posture, gesture, and eye contact)
- Movement (Timing, direction, energy, and dance)
- Voice (volume, pacing, etc.)
- Space (Grouping, levels, personal space, and pathways)
- Practice (to help them to enhance their acting skills)
DEVELOPMENT OF THEATER/DANCE GLOBAL
AND LOCAL
 *Greek theatre: from the 6th century BC
 Female followers of Dionysus, a god of fertility and wine, dance for their
god. Dionysians also developed how to sing.
 *The beginning of Greek comedy: 5th century BC
 There is an annual competition for comedies at Athens - held as part of the
Lenaea, a three-day festival in January.
 *The Greek theatre: 4th century BC
 An exclusively Greek contribution to architectural history
is the raked auditorium for watching theatrical
performances (appropriately, since the Greeks are also
the inventors of theatre as a literary form).

 At that time, the audience sit on the bare hillside to


watch performances on a temporary wooden stage. In
the 4th century a stone auditorium is built on the site,
and there is still a theatre there today - the theatre of
Dionysus.
 In the first Greek theatres the stage is a full circle, in keeping with the
circular dance.
 *Liturgical drama: 10th century
 After the collapse of the Roman empire, theatre plays no part in life.
But with the approach of the first millennium, in the late 10th
century, Christian churches introduce dramatic effects in the Easter
liturgy to enliven the theme of resurrection.
 *Processional plays: 14th - 17th century
 In parts of Europe, particularly Spain, the players perform on carts,
each with its own scenery, moving through the town to appear
before a succession of audiences. It is an ingenious way of bringing
drama to more spectators than can be gathered in one place.
 *Kabuki: from the 17th century
 The origins of kabuki, Japan's popular theatre, lie in the
ukiyo-e or floating world of the cities. In about 1600 a
young Shinto priestess, O-Kuni, forms a troupe in Kyoto to
perform dances. She is so successful that the city's
courtesans follow her example, as a way of displaying
themselves to potential customers. Their performances
are indiscreet, and the response of their admirers
violently enthusiastic. As a result a decree, in about 1629,
bans all female performers from the stage.
 534 B.C.
 Thespis wins the first public contest for tragic poets in Greece, and
the term thespian derives from his name.
 1489
 Ballet is performed for the first time.
 1751
 The first professional theater company in the colonies, the Virginia
Company of Comedians, opens a temporary wooden playhouse in
Williamsburg, Virginia.
 1995
 The Metropolitan Opera installs screens on audience seats that
display captions, to attract a wider audience.
 FAMOUS PERSONALITIES IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THEATER/DANCE WORLDWIDE
 Maenad, female follower of the Greek god of wine, Dionysus. (Add pic)
 They’re believed that they need to be possessed to their god.
 They were supposed to have unusual strength, including the ability to tear animals or
people to pieces.
 Shinto priestess, O-Kuni
 She is so successful that the city's courtesans follow her example.
 Her performances are indiscreet.
 Thespis (add pic :p)
 was the first actor in Greek drama.
 He was often called the inventor of tragedy, and his name was recorded as the first
to stage a tragedy at the Great Dionysia (c. 534 BC).

SOURCES:

 https://www.slideshare.net/mobile/myclasses/drama-techniques
 https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theatre_technique
 http://historyworld.net/wrldhis/PlainTextHistoriesResponsive.asp?groupid=3471&HistoryID=ab35&gt
rack=pthc
 https://www.infoplease.com/arts-entertainment/performing-arts/performing-arts-timeline
 https://www.britannica.com/topic/maenad
 https://www.britannica.com/biography/Thespis-Greek-poet
 https://ich.unesco.org/en/performing-arts-00054
 https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Performing_arts
 http://www.teach-nology.com/teachers/subject_matter/arts/performing/
 https://www.ronhagendoorn.com/about-5rhythms.htmhttps://goo.gl/images/fDcCbY
 https://goo.gl/images/bZvVTJ
 https://goo.gl/images/kUaq2K
 https://goo.gl/images/xLzizP