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ADVOKASI DALAM

PENANGANAN MASALAH
ISU KEBIJAKAN
Nurhasmadiar Nandini
ADVOKASI
■ “to advocate” means to espouse a cause by argument, to
plead in favor of, to recommend publicly.
■ sebuah strategi untuk mempengaruhi pembuat kebijakan
ketika mereka menyusun undang-undang dan kebijakan,
mendistribusikan sumber daya, dan membuat keputusan-
keputusan lain yang mempengaruhi kehidupan
masyarakat.
■ the process of gaining political commitment for a particular
goal or program, and identified by some as a critical
population health strategy (Christoffel, 2000; Chapman,
2004)
■ Advocacy is essentially about three things:
– Creating policies where they are needed when
none exist.
– Reforming harmful or ineffective policies.
– Ensuring good policies are implemented and
enforced
■ Tujuan advokasi adalah  perubahan kebijakan
■ Public health advocacy is also a highly skilled
activity, requiring practitioners to be conversant with
theories of social change, critical analysis, strategic
framing and the ability to collaborate with a diverse
set of stakeholders on complex problems.
ADVOCACY IN PUBLIC HEALTH
■ Adalah suatu upaya aktif untuk mendukung
kebijakan dan program yang dapat meningkatkan
derajat kesehatan masyarakat.
■ Adalah berpartisipasi pada proses demokrasi
dengan melakukan suatu upaya untuk
mendukung suatu isu di masyarakat
■ Pada beberapa tahun terakhir, upaya advokasi
yang aktif dilakukan antara lain terkait upaya
menurunkan paparan rokok, meningkatkan
keamanan kerja, dan meningkatkan status gizi
masyarakat
Gomm et al. (2006) identify three core skills required
for successful public health advocacy:
1. the ability to work collaboratively with multiple
stakeholders,
2. strategic use of media,
3. ability to conduct strategic analysis
KEGIATAN ADVOKASI

■ Berdiskusi di forum masyarakat atau forum


dengan melibatkan media massa
■ Menyusun policy brief
■ Berpartisipasi dalam pertemuan atau
demonstrasi
Policy analysis provides a basis for choosing
appropriate advocacy strategies. Policy analysis
includes:
■ Identifying the need for policy change or policy
issues.
■ Identifying key actors and institutions that make
decisions about policies, as well as those who can
influence policy makers.
■ Analyzing the distribution of political power among
key actors.
■ Understanding formal and informal policy making
processes.
■ Understanding the social and political context.
Adapted from Dr. Eleanor Brooks, European Public Health Alliance
TERIMA KASIH