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PRODUCTION OF BIO DIESEL FROM

CASSIA FISTULA SEED AND CHICKEN


FAT OILFOR USING PERFORMANCE
ANALYSIS
Abstract
In recent years, there has been a steadily increasing in the amount of
solid wastes because of the increasing human population and
urbanization. Solids are includes industrial waste, agricultural waste, forest
waste and waste bio-products.

Bio-energy has been produced total 10% participation of energy of


global energy production, energy produced from the source of biomass:
plants, animal, and organic waste.

In the seed like cassia fistula and chicken fat oil prepared and blended
with together to produce the biodiesel and to check the performance of
the biodiesel.

The study also includes examination of physical and chemical


properties such as pH value, viscosity, density, flash point, fire point and
acid values on the produced biodiesel as well as on the conventional
diesel for comparison. The study revealed that the properties of the bio-
diesel are very close to the conventional diesel.
PROCESS FLOW
SELECTION OF SEED
• CASSIA FISTULA SEED
• CHICKEN FAT OIL
OIL EXTRACTION PROCESS
• The oil content of each sample collected
during an experiment is obtained by mean of a
refractometric analysis. This content is used
for computation of the momentary state of oil
extraction yield. For each experiment the time
tendency of extraction yield should be directed
to final yield resulting after separation of the
oil from the solvent.
• According to shrinking core model, the oil extraction of three
major steps: solubilisation of solute molecules from the liquid-
solid interface in the solvent

• diffusion of the solute molecules from the solid-liquid


interface through the surface layer to the outer boundary of the
surface layer

• Diffusion of the solute molecules from the outer boundary of


the surface layer to bulk liquid phase. The shrinking core
model parameters are represented by oil
Saturation concentration in solvent (CS), effective diffusion
coefficient for oil in leached zone of particle (Deff) and oil
diffusion coefficient in the bulk liquid (solvent). Solvent flow
velocity (w) and axial dispersion coefficient (Dl) are the
parameters of model characterising the fixed bed oil transport.
BIO DIESEL PRODUCTION
• Flow chat of production of Biodiesel:
MOST IMPORTANT ALCOHOLS USED IN BIODIESEL
PRODUCTION

• Methanol. Most widely used, in spite of its


toxicity. It is a substance of petrochemical
origin.
• Ethanol. Less used, requires more complex
production technology and the reaction
speeds are lower. It can be produced from
biomass.
OIL MIXING RATIO FROM SEED
• Ethanol - 5%
• Methanol - 5%
• Oil - 90%
TESTING
Oil test
• Performance test
• Emission test
APPLICATION
• Automobile components
BENEFITS OF BIODIESEL
• Biodiesel is a good lubricant about 66% better
than petro diesel
• Biodiesel produce less smoke and particulate
maters as it is free of sulphur and aromatics.
• Biodiesel has higher cetane number having well
anti knocking property.
• Produce lower carbon monoxide and hydrocarbon
emissions.
• Bio-diesel is renewable, biodegradable and non-
toxic.