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PRODUCTION OF BIO DIESEL

FROM ANNONA SQUAMOSA


AND PORK FAT FOR USING
PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS
Abstract
Biodiesel is an alternative to conventional diesel fuel made from
renewable resources, such as non-edible vegetable oils. No engine
modifications are required to use biodiesel in place of diesel. Biodiesel
can be mixed with diesel in any proportion. This interest is based on a
number of properties of biodiesel including the fact that it is produced
from a renewable domestic source, its biodegradability, and its
potential to reduce exhaust emissions.

In some seed like annona squamosa , pork fat oil prepared and
blended with together to produce the biodiesel and to check the
performance of the biodiesel.

The study also includes examination of physical and chemical


properties such as pH value, viscosity, density, flash point, fire point
and acid values on the produced biodiesel as well as on the
conventional diesel for comparison. The study revealed that the
properties of the bio-diesel are very close to the conventional diesel.
PROCESS FLOW
SELECTION OF SEED
• ANNONA SQUAMOSA
• PORK FAT
OIL EXTRACTION PROCESS
• The oil content of each sample collected
during an experiment is obtained by mean of a
refractometric analysis. This content is used
for computation of the momentary state of oil
extraction yield. For each experiment the time
tendency of extraction yield should be directed
to final yield resulting after separation of the
oil from the solvent.
• According to shrinking core model, the oil extraction of three
major steps: solubilisation of solute molecules from the liquid-
solid interface in the solvent

• diffusion of the solute molecules from the solid-liquid


interface through the surface layer to the outer boundary of the
surface layer

• Diffusion of the solute molecules from the outer boundary of


the surface layer to bulk liquid phase. The shrinking core
model parameters are represented by oil
Saturation concentration in solvent (CS), effective diffusion
coefficient for oil in leached zone of particle (Deff) and oil
diffusion coefficient in the bulk liquid (solvent). Solvent flow
velocity (w) and axial dispersion coefficient (Dl) are the
parameters of model characterising the fixed bed oil transport.
BIO DIESEL PRODUCTION
• Flow chat of production of Biodiesel:
MOST IMPORTANT ALCOHOLS USED IN BIODIESEL
PRODUCTION

• Methanol. Most widely used, in spite of its


toxicity. It is a substance of petrochemical
origin.
• Ethanol. Less used, requires more complex
production technology and the reaction
speeds are lower. It can be produced from
biomass.
MATERIAL PURCHASE
AGRI SOURSE
oil extraction
filtration

BIOCHEMICAL DETAILS
Ethanol
Methanol
OIL MIXING RATIO FROM SEED
• Ethanol - 5%
• Methanol - 5%
• Oil - 90%
TESTING
Oil test
• Performance test
• Emission test
APPLICATION
• Automobile components
BENEFITS OF BIODIESEL
• Biodiesel is a good lubricant about 66% better
than petro diesel
• Biodiesel produce less smoke and particulate
maters as it is free of sulphur and aromatics.
• Biodiesel has higher cetane number having well
anti knocking property.
• Produce lower carbon monoxide and hydrocarbon
emissions.
• Bio-diesel is renewable, biodegradable and non-
toxic.