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LOAD FREQUENCY CONTROL IN

DEREGULATED POWER SYSTEM


USING FACTS DEVICES
BATCH MEMBERS
• DHARUN SANTHOSH.T -211415105026
• BALAJI.S -211415105017
• ASHWIN KUMAR.S.S -211415105016
• SATHISH KUMAR.K -211415105326

GUIDED BY:
• DR.D.SILAS STEPHEN-PROFESSOR [DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND
ELECTRONICS]
OBJECTIVE
• A new Algorithm optimized fuzzy controller will be
proposed for Load Frequency Control (LFC) of multi
area multi source system under deregulated
environment.
• The proposed method is tested on a two-area power
system.
• The results of the proposed controller will be
compared with the other controller types to illustrate
its robust performance.
CONTENTS
• Introduction
Project Background
Project Description
• Details of the project until now
Existing system and Explanation
• Advantages/Disadvantages
• Application
• Reference
INTRODUCTION
PROJECT BACKGROUND:
• In a power system, any sudden load change
causes the deviation of frequency and tie-line
power.
• Load Frequency Control (LFC)
 major operation in power system operation and
control.
 helps in supplying sufficient and reliable electric
power with good quality.
• The main aim of the LFC
maintain zero steady state errors for
frequency deviation
Tie-line power in a multi-area restructured
power system should be persistent.
• The real world power system contains
different kinds of uncertainties due to load
variations, system modeling errors and change
of the power system structure.
• Therefore, a new algorithm is formulated to
reduce the above mentioned constraints.
PROJECT DESCRIPTION:

• This project involves the study of simulation of load


frequency control of a two area system in
deregulated environment under different control
techniques( using fuzzy C means, Particle Swarm
Optimization , etc)
• The frequency deviation of each area (area1,
area2),overall system and the power deviation of the
tie-line of each method are formulated in a graph
form.
• Then the values like
DPM( DISCO Participation Matrix),
cpf ( contract participation factor),
Kp (gain constant) and various other values
are taken into consideration.
• With respect to the obtained values,
new algorithm for the Fuzzy system is
formulated and used in the two area system.
stability and robustness of the power system
is improved to certain extent.
EXISTING SYSTEM:

Block diagram of two-area power system in deregulated environment


EXPLANATION:

Schematic diagram of a two-area system


• In this project , we are considering a Vertically Integrated
Utility (VIU), which owns all levels of the supply chain:
generation, transmission and distribution.
• In order to improve efficiency, deregulated structure is
employed.
• Under the deregulated environment, the power system is split
into GENCOs (generation companies) and DISCOs (Distribution
companies).
• DPM:
ADVANTAGES
• In a deregulated environment, LFC acquires a
fundamental role
 enable power exchanges .
 provide better conditions for the electricity trading.
 independent of environmental conditions.
 easily scalable for large-scale power systems.
 guarantees the stability of the overall system for
large parametric values and will prove to be better
than previously proposed methods.
DISADVANTAGES
employs trial and error process.
takes much time and cost.
 In the real world, access to all of the state
variables of system is limited.
measuring all of them is impossible.
APPLICATIONS
• This method can be used in real life power
transmission systems.
REFERENCE
• Load Frequency Control in Deregulated Power System using
Fuzzy C-Means - S. Srikanth,K.R. Sudha ,Y.Butchi Raju.
• Load frequency control in deregulated environments via
active disturbance rejection- Wen Tan,Yuchun Hao,Donghai Li.
• Simulation of the Two-Area Deregulated Power System using
Particle Swarm Optimization - D. Lakshmi, A.Peer Fathima and
Ranganath Muthu.
• Load Frequency Control of Multi-Area Restructured Power
System - E. Rakhshani, and J. Sadeh
Project Schedule
Month Review Stage of Status of
Completion Completion
(Yes/No)
September/October Zeroth Review Title Confirmation yes
December/January First Review Block Diagram and
Circuit Explanation
February Second Review Simulation File
Output and
Hardware testing
March Third Review Simulation and
Hardware Output
Comparison
April Final External
Review