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INVESTIGATION ON NANOCOMPOSITE

ANTICORROSSIVE COATING FOR CORROSION


PROTECTION ON TURBINE BLADE MATERIALS
ABSTRACT
• This study discusses the utilization of
nanotechnology to greatly enhance the properties of
polymer-based coatings for anticorrosion applications,
by modifying the microstructure of the coating bulk or
endowing it with additional functionality. It also
provides a review of technological advances in the use
of nanotechnology to produce high-performance
polymeric coatings with outstanding corrosion
resistance and other relevant properties.
• In this paper discussed corrosion protection
behaviour of turbine blade materials using anticorrosive
coating.
Introduction
• Corrosion is the surface disintegration of metals/alloys within specific environment.
Some metals basically exhibit high corrosion resistance than others and this can be
attributed to several factors like their chemical constituents, the nature of
electrochemical reactions itself and others. The degradation of metal surfaces due to
atmospheric corrosion is a major problem for many exposed metallic structures, such as
bridges, pipelines and storage tanks. If seawater is present, there is a remarkable increase
in the degree of corrosion since the environment becomes even more aggressive

• The corrosive action of the atmosphere depends primarily on factors such as relative
humidity, pollutants, temperature and residence time of electrolyte solutions on the metal
surface. The physicochemical characteristics that may interfere with the corrosive action
of the environment are the presence of water, salts, gases, differences in pH and
electrical conductivity. On the other hand, the corrosion process in metal exposed to soil
is mainly due to the natural soil conditions, and not to small variations that may exist in
the environment.
Objectives
• Epoxy has been widely used as a coating material
to protect the steel structures , because of its
• outstanding process ability, excellent chemical
resistance, good electrical insulating properties
and strong
• adhesion to heterogeneous materials. Many
researchers have worked on the mechanical and
morphological
• properties of epoxy composite
Literature review
NAME
REFERENCE

Tang et al. studied the mechanical properties of treated halloysite reinforced


epoxy Nano composites. It
was described that the fracture toughness of epoxy considerably
improved by78.3% due to the existence of 10
wt. % of added halloysite nanotubes (HNTs). Some of the
researchers did surface modification of Nano
particles by treating it with aminopropyl trimethoxy silane (APS)
coupling agents before addition to the epoxy
matrix

Brenner and Him asked to uncovered the electroless chromium process in 1946
Riddell and established this method of controlled autocatalytic coating in a
commercial level.
Literature review
NAME
REFERENCE

Pearlstein et al. Electroless Cr coatings have shown satisfactory performance for a


variety of applications, and their performance can be further
enhanced by adding alloy elements in the Cr coating matrix.
Electroless ternary alloys namely, Cr have been first reported by
Pearlstein
Process flow
• Selection Of Corrosion Material
• Selection Of Anticorrosive Material Eg.
Chromium
• Selection Of Spraying Process
• Deposition Of Anticorrosion Element
• Investigation On Corrosion Behaviour
Work flow
TURBINE BLADE
SELECTION OF COATING
CHROMIUM COATINGS
• The technology of electroplating of chromium has been extensively developed, particularly
through the last five decades, to make possible the efficient production of a broad range of
industrial coatings for both decorative and functional applications. Electroplated chromium is
commercially important with upwards of 150,000 tonnes deposited annually worldwide. This
widespread use reflects the useful properties of nickel as a coating and its versatility.
• A feature of is by modifying the composition of the electrolyte and the operating conditions,
the properties and appearance of chromium can be customised to meet specific needs.
Electroplated chromium is used extensively to enhance the utility, value and sales appeal of
consumer goods and manufactured products. Other chromium coatings are used to improve
the physical properties such as wear resistance, heat resistance or corrosion resistance. In many
important applications, the chromium coatings serve the dual role of providing a bright
decorative coating and Imparting improved corrosion resistance or other functional properties.
• chromium coating process by which chromium is built up by electro deposition onto a suitable
mandrel and subsequently removed to produce a chromium product which corresponds
precisely to the shape and texture of the original substrate. This Handbook has been prepared
to provide practical information on the operation and control of chromium plating processes.
The basics of electroplating are addressed and is focussed on the operation of the plating bath.
Information is included on the composition of plating solutions, correct control of anodes,
trouble-shooting and practical operation. Quality aspects and specifications are discussed to
ensure that coatings meet the required performance standards.
CHROMIUM
CHROMIUM PROPERTIES

PROPERTIES VALUE

Density 7.19 g.cm-3 at 20°C

Melting point 1907 °C

Boiling point 2672 °C

Atomic number 24
EFFECT OF CHROMIUM

Chromium can also increase the toughness of steel, as well as the wear
resistance. Probably one of the most well known effects of chromium on
steel is the tendency to resist staining and corrosion. Steels with 14 percent
or more chromium are referred to as stainless steels. A more accurate term
would be stain resistant
PURPOSES OF A COATING
• A coating serves many purposes. Some of these are presented as below:-
• Protection of steel structures from the environment by acting as a barrier
between the substrate and the aggressive environment, such as the marine
and industrial environments. Control of solvent losses. Control of marine
fouling certain constituents in coating control the growth of mildew and
marine fouling in seawater. Reduction in friction (coating reduces friction
between two contacting surfaces). Pleasant appearance; certain types of
coatings provide a pleasant appearance and produce attractive
surroundings

• Change in light intensity; by selection of appropriate coatings the light


intensity in rooms and buildings can be varied as desired. Visibility; many
combinations of colors because of their visibility from large distances are
used on television and radio towers to warn aircraft. Modification of
chemical, mechanical, thermal, electronic and optical properties of
materials. Application of thin coatings on low cost substrates results in
increased efficiency and cost savings.
Electrostatic spraying machine
Electrostatic spraying
• In principle three different charging processes are
used for powder coating: electrostatic charging,
low-grade ion charging, and Tribo charging. The
air ion reduction is achieved by practically all
powder gun manufacturer’s through a special
accessory (SuperCorona) on the powder gun. A
fourth possibility is fluidized bed coating, which,
at any rate, operates without electrostatic and is
to be classified as an exception.
APPLICATION OF COATING

AUTOMOBILE COMPONENTS LIKE:


• CUTTING TOOLS
• MACHINE PARTS (BEARINGS, SHAFTS,
SPRINGS, ETC.)
TESTS ARE INVOLVING
1. CORROSION TEST
2. HARDNESS TEST
CORROSION TEST
• Cyclic corrosion testing (CCT) has evolved in recent
years, largely within the automotive industry, as a way
of accelerating real world corrosion failures, under
laboratory controlled condition. As the name implies,
the test comprises different climates which are cycled
automatically. So the samples under test undergo the
same sort of changing environment that would be
encountered in the natural world. The intention being to
bring about the type of failure that might occur
naturally, but more quickly, i.e. accelerated. By doing
this manufacturers and suppliers can predict more
accurately, the service life expectancy of their products.
KNOOP HARDNESS TEST
• The knoop hardness test is a micro hardness
test - a test for mechanical hardness used
particularly for very brittle materials or thin
sheets, where only a small indentation may be
made for testing purpose.
• A pyramid diamond point is pressed into the
polished surface of the test material with a
known (often 100g) Load, for a specified
dwell time, and the resulting indentation is
measured using a microscope.
Conclusion
Reference
• Baere K, Verstraelen H, Rigo P, Van Passel S, Lenaerts S and Potters G. Reducing the cost of
ballasttank corrosion: an economic modeling approach. Marine Structures.2013;
152.http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marstruc.2013.02.003.
• Picon CA, Fernandes FAP, Tremiliosi-Filho G, Rodrigues CAD and Casteletti LC. Estudo do
mecanismo de corrosão por pites em água do mar de aços inoxidáveis supermartensíticos
microligados com Nb E Ti. Revista Escola de Minas. 2010; 63(1):65-
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S03744672010000100011.
• F. Galliano and D. Landolt, Evaluation of corrosion protection properties of additives for
waterborne epoxy coatings on steel, Progress in Organic Coatings, 44(3), 2002, 217- 225.
• A. Talo, O. Forsén, S. Yläsaari, Corrosion protective polyaniline epoxy blend coatings on
mild steel, Synthetic Metals, 102(1), 1999, 1394-1395.
• V.B. Mišković-Stanković, M.R. Stanić, D.M. Dražić, Corrosion protection of aluminium
bycataphoretic epoxy coating, Progress in organic coatings, 36(1), 1999, 53-63.
• Tang Y, Deng S, Ye L, Yang C, Yuan Q, Zhang J,‖ Effects of unfolded and intercalated
halloysites onmechanical properties of halloysite–epoxy
• nanocomposites.‖ Compos Part A: Appl Sci Manuf., 42(4): pp. 345–54, 2011.
• M. Wichmann, M. Cascione, B. Fiedler, M. Quaresimin, K. Schulte,―Influence of surface
treatment on mechanical behaviour of fumed silica/epoxy resin nanocomposites,‖ Compos.
Interfaces 13 (8), pp.699–715, 2006.