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Etapa 1
Actividad integradora

Rolando Daniel López Hernández
Fernando Yair Padilla Gaytán
Emilio López Uresti
Daniel Alejandro Urbina Martínez
Ángel Américo Meza Lerma
Ángel Iván Muñoz Benítez
Alan Gerardo Castro Quintero

Grupo: 4J2
Integrative activity
1. Work in teams.
2. Check the topics presented in your english program: environmental
problems, habits, everyday activities,your city, anecdotes, etc.
3. Choose one topic.
4. Ask your teacher to approve it.
5. Do some research about your documentary topic and write some
information in your notebook
6. Decide on the name of your documentary.
7. Plan and write what you want to include in the documentary:
onterviews, poctures, recordings, etc.
8. Plan and write responsibilities of each teams member.

Mental illnesses: Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia is a serious disorder that affects how the person thinks,
feels and acts. Someone who has schizophrenia may have difficulty
distinguishing between what is real and what is imaginary; he may feel
self-conscious or feel alienated; and may have difficulties expressing
normal emotions in social situations.
Contrary to what the public believes, schizophrenia is not a split
personality or multiple personalities. Most people with schizophrenia
are not violent and do not cause danger to others.
Schizophrenia is not caused by childhood experiences, lack of
adequate parenting or lack of willpower, nor are symptoms the same
for each person. Schizophrenia affects almost 1% of the world
population. In the United States, one person in every hundred, like 2.5
million, has this disease. Does not respect race, culture or economic
boundaries. Symptoms usually appear between the ages of 13 to 25
years, but often appear earlier, more so in men than in women.
What causes schizophrenia?
The cause of schizophrenia is not yet clear. Some theories about the
cause of this disease include: Genetics (inheritance), biological
(imbalance in brain chemistries); and / or possible viral infections and
disorders of the immune system.
Genetics (Heritage): Scientists recognize that the disorder tends to
occur in families and that the person inherits the tendency to develop
the disease.
Chemistry: People with schizophrenia have an imbalance of brain
chemicals (serotonin and dopamine) which are neurotransmitters.
What are the early signs of schizophrenia?
The signs of schizophrenia are different for each person. Symptoms
may develop slowly over months or years, or may appear suddenly.
The disease can appear and disappear in cycles of relapse and
Behaviors that may be early signs of schizophrenia include:
• Hearing or seeing things that are not there
• A constant feeling that they are seeing it
• Body positions that are rare
• Impairment of study or work
• Changes in hygiene or appearances
• A change of personality
• Increase in the isolation of social situations
• Inability to sleep or to concentrate
• Inappropriate or weird behavior
• Extreme concern about religion and the occult.
If you or your loved one experiences several of these symptoms for
more than two weeks, seek help immediately.

What are the symptoms of schizophrenia?

A medical or mental health professional can use the terms of the
symptoms of schizophrenia.
• Delusions
• Hallucinations
• Speech and deranged thinking
• Social alienation
• Extreme apathy
• Lack of motivation or initiative
• Lack of emotional response
What are the different kinds of schizophrenia?
• Paranoid schizophrenia: the person feels extremely suspicious,
persecuted, or with feelings of grandiosity.
• Disorganized schizophrenia: the person is increasingly incoherent in
speaking and thinking, but can not have illusions.
• Catatonic schizophrenia: the person is alienated, silent, negative
and frequently assumes strange positions of the body.
• Residual schizophrenia: the person no longer experiences illusions or
hallucinations, but has no motivation or interest in life.
• Schizoaffective disorder: the person has both symptoms of
schizophrenia and major mood disorder such as depression.

What treatments are available for schizophrenia?

If you suspect that someone you know is experiencing the symptoms
of schizophrenia, encourage them and visit a medical or mental
health professional immediately. Treatment on time, as early as the first
episode, can mean a better long-term result.

Recovery and Rehabilitation

Although there is no cure for schizophrenia, many people with the
disease can lead productive and rewarding lives with proper
treatment. Counting is possible in the midst of a variety of services,
including medicines and rehabilitation programs. Rehabilitation can
help a person regain the confidence and capacity to live a
productive and independent life in the community.
The kinds of services that help a person with schizophrenia are:
• Psychosocial rehabilitation programs programs that help people
regain their abilities
• Self-help groups provide support to people with mental illness.
• Visiting centers are places where individuals with mental illness can
socialize and / or receive support and informal service when needed.
Housing programs offer a series of supports and supervision from 24
hours of supervised housing.
• Employment programs help in employment.
• Therapy / Counseling includes different forms of "talk" therapy, which
can help as well as family members better understand the disease.
• Crisis services, emergency lines, 24 hours, after-hours counseling,
residential service and hospitalization.