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AREAS WHERE DSP HAS

PRODUCED REVOLUTIONARY
CHANGES

PREPARED BY: AILEEN C. MAG-ISA


FOUR AREAS OF DSP
TELECOMMUNICATION
 Is about transferring information from
one location to another. This includes
many forms of information: telephone
conversations, television signals, computer
files, and other types of data.
3 Specific examples from the
telephone network
 A. multiplexing – converts audio signals to
a stream of serial digital data
 B. compression – converts digitized voice
signals into data streams that require
fewer bits/sec
 C. echo control – measures the returned
signal and generating an appropriate anti-
signal to cancel the offending echo
AUDIO PROCESSING

 Provide several important functions


during mix down, including: filtering, signal
addition, and subtraction, signal editing
etc.
Two principal human senses

 A. hearing – music
 B. vision – speech
Two approaches are used for
computer general speech:
 A. digital recording – the voice of a human
speaker is digitized and stored, usually in
compressed form.
 B. vocal tract simulation – operate by
generating digitals signals that resemble
these two types of excitation (voice and
fricative sounds)
Speech Application
 1. noise reduction – reducing background
noise
 2. speech recognition – differentiating
various speech
 3. synthesis or artificial speech – test to
speech systems for blind
ECHO LOCATION
 A common method of obtaining
information about a remote object is to
bounce a wave off of it.
 EXAMPLES:
 A. radar (radio detection and ranging)
 B. sonar (sound navigation and ranging)
 C. reflection seismology
IMAGE PROCESSING
 - images are signals with special
characteristics:
 1. they are a measure of a parameter over
space (distance)
 2. they contain a great deal of information
 3. the final judge of quality s often a
subjective human evaluation
Examples
 A. medical – revolutionized by the ability
to look inside the living human body
 X-rays - 1895, Wilhelm Conrad
Problem with X-ray
 1. overlapping structures in the body car,
hide behind each other.
 2. it is not always possible to distinguish
between similar tissues.
 3. X-ray images show anatomy, the body’s
structure, and not physiology, the body’s
operation.
 4. X-ray exposure can cause cancer,
requiring it to be used sparingly and only
with proper justification.