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Glimpse at sustainability

of Drivyavati river Project

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Concrete
Concrete is the most common construction material used in infrastructure industry. Cement
is a basic component of concrete used for building and civil engineering construction. On average
approximately 1 ton of concrete is produced each year for every human being in the world. Therefore concrete (i.e.
cement) is one of the World’s most significant manufactured materials. Because of its abundance in the world
market, understanding the environmental implications of concrete and cement manufacturing are becoming
increasingly important.

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Environmental effects of
cement production
Exhaustion of fossil fules and natural raw material

Noise pollution

Water pollution- a significant amount of solid waste materials generated which lead water pollution

Air Pollution- Along with the fine dust, A large amount of gaseous emissions i.e.
• CO2(5–7% of the total CO2 emmultion)
• carbon oxides nitrogen oxides (NOx)
• sulphur dioxide (SO2)
• Carbon oxides
• polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins
• Dibenzofurans
• total organic carbon
• Metals
• hydrogen chloride
• hydrogen fluoride
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Fly ash as substitute of
cement
Fly ash is a byproduct from burning pulverized coal in electric power generating plants. If it is not
dispose properly it can contaminate water bodies, increase PPM in air, and affect living of near by
habilitation. But it is good for concrete in following ways:
1. Improved workability. The spherical shaped particles of fly ash act as miniature ball bearings
within the concrete mix, thus providing a lubricant effect. This same effect also improves
concrete pumpability by reducing frictional losses during the pumping process and flat work
finishability.
2. Decreased water demand. The replacement of cement by fly ash reduces the water demand
for a given slump. When fly ash is used at about 20 percent of the total cementitious, water
demand is reduced by approximately 10 percent. Higher fly ash contents will yield higher
water reductions. The decreased water demand has little or no effect on drying
shrinkage/cracking. Some fly ash is known to reduce drying shrinkage in certain situations
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Fly ash as substitute of
cement
3. Reduced heat of hydration. Replacing cement with the same amount of fly ash can reduce the
heat of hydration of concrete. This reduction in the heat of hydration does not sacrifice long-term
strength gain or durability. The reduced heat of hydration lessens heat rise problems in mass
concrete placements.
4. Increased ultimate strength. The additional binder produced by the fly ash reaction with
available lime allows fly ash concrete to continue to gain strength over time. Mixtures designed to
produce equivalent strength at early ages (less than 90 days) will ultimately exceed the strength of
straight cement concrete mixes (see Figure 3-2).
5.Reduced permeability. The decrease in water content combined with the production of additional
cementitious compounds reduces the pore interconnectivity of concrete, thus decreasing
permeability. The reduced permeability results in improved long-term durability and resistance to
various forms of deterioration
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Fly ash as substitute of
cement
6. Improved durability. The decrease in free lime and the resulting increase in cementitious
compounds, combined with the reduction in permeability enhance concrete durability. This
affords several benefits:
(i) Improved resistance to ASR. Fly ash reacts with available alkali in the concrete, which makes
them less available to react with certain silica minerals contained in the aggregates.
(ii) Improved resistance to sulfate attack. Fly ash induces three phenomena that improve sulfate
resistance:
Fly ash consumes the free lime making it unavailable to react with sulfate
The reduced permeability prevents sulfate penetration into the concrete
Replacement of cement reduces the amount of reactive aluminates available
Improved resistance to corrosion. The reduction in permeability increases the resistance to
corrosion. 7
100 %Crushed sand
By using Crusher sand we saved about
Crushed sand is a by product of aggregate 190,800 MT of natural sand.
industry, and a sustainable material with a little
improvement we can achieve better fine
aggregate then natural sand,
1. Economical
2. Sustainable
3. Improve properties of concrete

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Quality control of Concrete
with fly ash and crushed sand

Installation of water Concrete


heater to control Temperature
temperature Checking
Core cutting
from site Slump
Checking

Curing Tank
Hot whether miller Cube Checking
Temperature
to be wrapped and with client
Monitoring
wet. 9
Fly ash as substitute of
cement
As a substituted we replace up to 33 % of cement with fly ash which will replace total of 29000
Mt of cement in our total concrete and reduces environmental impact from production of cement
and sustainable disposal of fly ash.

Total scope of concrete is 4 Lac cubic meter including 1 lac cubic meter Sulphate resistance
cement concrete.

Because every little makes a large.


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Fly ash bricks
In our project we use fly ash bricks, is a sustainable material. By using fly ash bricks as a civil
engineer we get some benefits which are following:
1. Uniform in shape and size
2. Less porous in compression with clay bricks
3. Have good surface finishing
4. Light in weight as compare to clay brick which reduces dead load of building.
5. Less costly as compare to clay brick

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Use of curing Compound
As we all know in Rajasthan, there is scarcity of fresh water. So we adopt curing compound to
cure concrete and save the local fresh water.
We cured 1100000 meter square lining area with curing compound hence we saved
1,540,000,000 litter of fresh water.

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Thank you
Honorable C M Vashundhra Raje at
inauguration ceremony of Drivyavati river
project Jaipur

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