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CHALLENGES TO SPANISH

AUTHORITY

JANNIBEE L.ESTRERA
JESSA MAE GERZON
CYRUS JHON ARCE
OVERVIEW

SPANISH COLONIAL GOVERNMENT CHALLENGED


BY ITS RIVALS, THE PORTUGUESE AND THE
DUTCH AS WELL AS THE FILIPINOS FROM LUZON,
VISAYAS AND MINDANAO.
CAUSE OF REVOLTS

• REGAIN THE LOST FREEDOM


• RELIGIOUS INTOLERANCE OF SPANISH
• ABUSES OF SPANIARDS
• TRIBUTE AND FORCED LABOR
• LOSS ON ANCESTRAL LAND
PORTUGUESE THREATS

• 1566-1568 GENERAL PEREIRA ASKED LEGAZPI TO LEAVE


PHILIPPINES
• 1570 BLOCKADED CEBU AND BON BARDED SPANISH
SETTLEMENT
• 1580 PORTUGAL BECAME PART OF THE SPANISH EMPIRE
DUTCH THREATS
• 1579 EXPEDITION UNDER ADMIRAL OLIVER VAN NOORT
• TREATY OF WESTPHALIA IN 1648 LED TO DUTCH
INDEPENDENCE
• 1597- 1647 BOTTLES BETWEEN THE SPANIARDS AND DUTCH
• 1597 FIRST BATTLE OF MARIVELES
• 1610 LSECOND BATTLE OF MARIVELES
• 1617 BATTLE OF PLAYA HONDA
• 1647 DUTCH LAST ATTACT AND THEY WERE FINALLY DRIVE
OFF
EARLY RESISTANCE IN LUZON,VISAYAS,
MINDANAO

• LAKAN DULA HELPED LEGAZPI BUILD MANILA


• GOVERNOR GUIDO DE LAVEZARES SUCCESSOR OF LEGAZPI
LIFTED THE EXEMPTUON OF LAKAN DULA
• 1574 DURING THE ATTACK ON MANILA BY CHINESE
ADVENTURER LIMAHONG, LAKAN DULA LED A REVOLT AGAINST
THE SPANIARDS
• JUAN DE SALCEDO AND FR. MARTIN PERSUADED HIM AND
PROMISED TO EXEMPT HIM AND HID DESCENDANTS AGAIN.
THE TONDO CONSPIRACY

MASTERMIND: AGUSTIN DE LEGAZPI


CAUSE: REGAIN THE LOST FREEDOM
SETTING: MANILA
• A SECRET CONSPIRACY WAS ORGANIZED IN TONDO
• DIONISIO FERNANDEZ A CHRISTIAN JAPANESE JOINED THE
CONSPIRACY
• BEFORE THE PATRIOTS COULD STRIKE, SECRET CONSPIRACY WAS
DISCOVERED
• REVOLT LEADERS WERE EXECUTED AND OTHERS WERE PRISON
AND BANISHED.
THE REVOLT OF MAGALAT
• DATE: 1596 IN CAGAYAN
• INSTIGATOR: MAGALAT TIGETHER WITH HIS BROTHER
• CAUSE: RESENTMENT OF THE NATIVES TO THE PAYMENT OF TRIBUTE
AND THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE POLO Y SERVICIO
• MAGALAT ROSE A REVOLT AND ILOCANOS FOUGHT BRAVELY
• SPANIARDS FAILED TO DEFEAT MAGALAT AND THOUGHT OF CROTHE
WAY
• MAGALAT WAS KILLED BY THE HIRED FILIPINO ASSASIN AND ENDED THE
REVOLT
LADIA’S “CONSPIRACY”

PEDRO LADIA (1643)


• A NATIVE BORNEO WHO CAME TO BULACAN TO
LEAD AN ARMED UPRISING AGAINST THE
SPANIARDS.
• KING OF TAGALOG
THE REVOLT OF MANIAGO

FRANCISCO MANIAGO
• THIS REVOLT SOUGHT TO DESTROY SPANISH POWER AND TO
DECLARE THAT T DECLARE THAT THE PEOPLE OF CENTRAL
LUZON WERE FREE AND INDEPENDENT.
• ARAYAT CHIEF JUAN MACAPAGAL PROMISE TO HELP SPANIARDS
QUELL THE REVOLT.
THEY MAKE PEACE AND MAKE FOLLOWING DEMANDS.
DEMANDS

• FOR THE GOVERNOR- GENERAL TO PARDON ALL THOSE WHO


PARTICIPATED IN THE REVOLT.

• THE KAPAMPANGANS TO RECEIVE THE SUM OF 200,000 AS


PAYMENT FOR THE RICE WHICH THE SPANIARDS SEIZED FROM
THEIR BARANGAY.

• FOR THE KAPAMPANGANS TO CONTINUE TO CUT TIMBER AS


REQUIRED BY THE LAW ON FORCED LABOR, BUT THEY WOULD
BE GIVEN SUFFICIENT TIME TO PERFORM THEIR DUTIES AT
HOME
REVOLTS OF MALONG

CAUSE WAS THE MALTREATMENT OF THE PEOPLE BY THE SPANISH


OFFICIALS WITH REGARD TO THE POLO Y SERVICIO
THE REVOLT WAS SUCCESSFUL LEADED BY ANDRES MALONG AND
PROCLAIMED HIMSELF “KING OF PANGASINAN”.
HE SENT A LOT SOLDIERS TO DIFFERENT PROVINCES WHO WAS
ALSO FIGHTING THE SPANIARDS, AND THIS CAUSES WEAKENED
HIS POSITION, SO MALONG WAS EXECUTED.
IN 1762, SOME PLACES PART OF PANGASINAN ROSE IN ARMS OVER
THE IMPOSITION OF TRIBUTE. LED BY JUAN DELA CRUZ PARARIS
(PALARIS REVOLTS).
REVOLT OF BANCAO
IN LEYTE 1622 BANCAO, A CHIEFTAIN OF LIMASAWA, LED A REVOLT
BECAUSE OF THE INTOLERANCE OF THE FRIARS.

LEGAZPE BEFRIENDED BANCAO WHO HAD GIVEN HIM FOOD AND


OTHER SUPPLIES. HE BECAME CATHOLIC , BUT LATER ON HE
RETURNED TO THE RELIGION OF HIS FOREFATHERS.

PROVINCIAL GOVERNOR OF CEBU SENT TROOPS TO LEYTE AND


BANCAO WAS DEFEATED AND DIED FIGHTING. ( FILILINOS NOT
SPANIARDS, DEFEATED THEIR FELLOW FILIPINOS).
REVOLT OF SUMUROY

• IN CONNECTION WITH THE LAW ON FORCED LABOR , WORKERS


WHO WAS RECRUITED TO WORK IN CAVITE RESENTED LEAVING
THEIR HOMES TO BE SEPARATED FROM THEIR FAMILIES.
AGUSTIN SUMUROY LED THE REVOLT AND FRIAR WAS KILLED.
• FRANCISCO DAGOHOY UPRISING PROVED TO BE THE LONGEST
REBELLIONS IN OUR HISTORY LASTED 85 YEARS (1744- 1829). HE
FORM A GOVERNMENT IN THE MOUNTAIN WITH 20,000
FOLLOWERS.
MORE REBELLION IN LUZON

HACIENDA SYSTEM

DIEGO AND GABRIELA SILANG LED THE REVOLT IN ILOCOS SUR ON


THE ISSUE OF GALLEON TRADE.
LIKEWISE IN 1807 THE BASI REVOLT IN ILOCOS NORTE ERUPTED.
BECAUSE SPANISH GOVERNMENT BANNED PEOPLE FROM MAKING
WINE