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School Counseling

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“Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004” 1

Educational Planning and Career Development
Primary Purpose of School Counseling

• Life Career Development Perspective

– Self-knowledge and interpersonal skills.

– Life roles, settings and events.

– Life career planning.

– Basic studies and occupation preparation.

It is the role of the school counselor to aid teachers and

administrators in creating instructional programs that incorporate
these four domains.

"Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004” 2

Educational Planning and Career Development
Educational Planning for all Students

• Educational planning must be designed to fit the needs

of ALL students.

• Curriculum needs to be adaptive to adapt to the needs of

both the gifted and the disadvantaged.

• Counselors must advocate for their students.

• School counselors monitor the placement of students

into appropriate programs.

"Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004” 3

Educational Planning and Career Development
Lifelong Learning

Most people do not think about learning as a lifelong process. Ways

to promote lifelong learning are:

• Infuse affective education into daily instruction.

• Examine the need for terminal milestones (e.g. grade

promotion or a diploma).

• Invite parental participation.

• Show students how adults are always learning new


• Show a link between career development and lifelong

"Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004” 4
Educational Planning and Career Development
Career Planning and Decision Making

A comprehensive school counseling program should incorporate the


– Career development as a lifelong process.

– Gender and cultural stereotyping in career selection must be


– Higher education may not always lead to greater career


– The present may not always predict the future.

– Career development is an interactive process.

"Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004” 5

Educational Planning and Career Development
Student Awareness

• Career exploratory activities are appropriate for all grade


• Decision-making and problem-solving skills can be

taught at all grade levels.

• Activities should be grade appropriate.

• Increasingly, as students advance through the grades,

assessment should be used to assist students in the self-
awareness process.

• Computer programs have become increasingly important

and a number of programs are used to assist students in
career exploration.
"Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004” 6
Educational Planning and Career Development
• Field trips to places of interest.
• Books, movies, that explore different career options.

Middle School
• Design career classes to assist with exploration.
• Field trips to places of interest.

High School
• Special events, individual and group counseling to explore options.
• Classroom career guidance activities and use of computers.

"Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004”

Educational Planning and Career Development
Decision Making

• Decision making is a learned skill and should be a

component of every student’s educational program.

• Counselors can use a decision-making theory or model

to help design their approach.

• Group sessions facilitate learning and skill development.

• Counselors should read the current literature to make

sure they are using the best models in their approach.

• Methods and approaches that are restrictive hinder

student choices.

"Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004”

School Counseling Presentation Resources

Schmidt, J. J. (2003). Counseling in schools: Essential services

and comprehensive programs, 4th ed. Boston, MA.: Allyn &

“Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004”