Anda di halaman 1dari 15

Selection

Learning Objectives
1. Identify the elements of the selection
process.
2. Define ways to measure the success of
the selection method.
3. Summarize the government’s
requirements for employee selection.
4. Compare the common methods used for
selecting human resources.
Chapter 6
Learning Objectives (continued)

5. Describe major types of employment


tests.
6. Discuss how to conduct effective
interviews.
7. Explain how employers carry out the
process of making a selection decision.
Elements of Selection
• Matching Process

• Selection Fit
Matching Process of Selection
• ORGANIZATION • CANDIDATE
Measuring the Success of
Selection Methods
• Reliability

• Validity

• Criterion related
Selection Validity
The degree to which the method measures
what it is supposed to measure

Criterion-Related Validity
1. Predictive – use candidates to show
validity
2. Concurrent – use of current employees
to show validity
Predictive Validity
Candidates –>Tests given -> Test
Scores
Hired

Work Performance Test scores

Correlation
Coefficient
Concurrent Validity
Current Employees –> Tests given

Work Performance Test scores

Correlation
Coefficient
Legal Requirements of Selection
The Selection Process
STEP WHAT WHY
Application Form

Background Check

Preliminary Interview

Testing

Functional Interview

Medical Exam

RJP (Realistic Job Preview)

Decision
Steps in the Selection Process

Hiring decision

Realistic Job Preview

Medical Exam/ drug


testing

Functional Interview

Testing

Preliminary Interview

*Note: Steps and


Background Investigation
number may vary. An
applicant may be
Completion of application
rejected after any step
in the process.
Employment Tests
Interviews
How Organizations Select
Employees
Multiple-Hurdle Model Compensatory Model
• Process of arriving at • Process of arriving at
a selection decision a selection decision in
by eliminating some which a very high
candidates at each score on one type of
stage of the selection assessment can
process. make up for a low
score on another.
Communicating the Decision

• When a candidate has been selected, the


organization should communicate the the
offer to the candidate. The offer should
include:
– Job responsibilities
– Work schedule
– Rate of pay
– Starting date
– Other relevant details