Anda di halaman 1dari 23

QUARKS

WHAT ARE QUARKS?!?!!!1


• A quark is an elementary particle
and a fundamental constituent of
matter.

• It’s name came from a quote from


Finnigans Wake; “Three quarks for
muster mark.”
WHAT ARE QUARKS?!?!!!1
• Quarks combine to form composite
particles called hadrons.

• Quarks are never found in isolation.


2/3
2/3

U
U
D
UP QUARKS
DOWN QUARK
-1/3
PROTON
2/3 + 2/3 = 4/3
4/3 - 1/3 = 3/3 or
2/3
-1/3

U
D
D
-1/3
NEUTRON
2/3 - 1/3 – 1/3 =
VALENCE GLUONS
QUARKS
U
U
D

PROTON
TYPES OF QUARK PARTICLES
TYPES OF QUARK PARTICLES

UP QUARK DOWN QUARK

Named base on components of their spin


TYPES OF QUARK PARTICLES

They were given the name


“strange” because they
were observed in particle
decays that had slightly
longer lifetimes than they
STRANGE should have done.
QUARK
TYPES OF QUARK PARTICLES

They were given the name


“charm” because of its
fascination.

CHARM
QUARK
TYPES OF QUARK PARTICLES

BOTTOM
TOP QUARK QUARK

Names were logical counterparts of the


up and down quark.
TYPES OF QUARK PARTICLES
TYPES OF QUARK PARTICLES

Antiquark
PROPERTIES OF QUARK
• ELECTRIC CHARGE
• SPIN
• WEAK INTERACTION
• STRONG INTERACTION & COLOR
CHARGE
• MASS
PROPERTIES OF QUARK
• ELECTRIC CHARGE
 Quarks have fractional electric charge values
either −1⁄3 or +2⁄3 times the elementary charge
depending on flavor
 Antiquarks have the opposite charge to their
corresponding quarks
PROPERTIES OF QUARK
• SPIN
 Spin is an intrinsic property of elementary
particles, and its direction is an important
degree of freedom.
 The spin value of up quark is +1/2 & -1/2 for
down quark.
PROPERTIES OF QUARK
• WEAK INTERACTION
 A quark of one flavor can transform into a
quark of another flavor only through weak
interaction
 Any up-type quark (up, charm, and top
quarks) can change into any down-type
quark (down, strange, and bottom quarks)
and vice versa.
PROPERTIES OF QUARK
• STRONG INTERACTION AND COLOR CHARGE
 There are three types of color charge, arbitrarily
labeled blue, green, and red.
 Each of them is complemented by an
anticolor—antiblue, antigreen, and antired.
Every quark carries a color, while every
antiquark carries an anticolor.
PROPERTIES OF QUARK
• MASS
 Two terms are used in referring to a quark's
mass: CURRENT QUARK MASS refers to the mass
of a quark by itself, while CONSTITUENT QUARK
MASS refers to the current quark mass plus the
mass of the gluon particle field surrounding the
quark.
QUARKS