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J Padmaja

CH15M040
M Tech

Advisor
Prof. S Ramanathan
Dept of Chemical Engineering
IIT Madras
Contents
 Objective

 Experiments

 Results

 Future work

 References
Objective
 To find Corrosion Resistance of SS304 using Electro Chemical Techniques
such as Tafel, EIS and Linear Polarization.

 To see the effect of corrosion inhibitor coatings on surface of steel using


Stearic acid and cerium nitrate.
Experiment
 Standard 3 electrode Electrochemical cell was used with RDE

 A 5mm diameter SS304 is used as working electrode

 Ag/AgCl(3.5M Kcl) as reference and Pt as counter electrode

 All the experiments were done in 0.6 M Nacl using IVIUM


Tafel Analysis
Tafel plot
0.2
Model Expt conditions
Experimental Step: 1 mV
0.1
ianodic -1 to +1 V
icathodic 900rpm
0

Results
potential, V

-0.1
Icorr = 4.2487 µA
Ecorr = -0.2700 V
-0.2 ba = 0.0100
bc = 8.5091

-0.3

-0.4

-0.5
-15 -10 -5 0 5
10 10 10 10 10
|i T|, A/cm2
Electrochemical Impedance spectroscopy

 EIS data-20mV Ac amplitude perturbation at different dc


potentials

 Frequency :10 kHz to 40 mHz

 Nyquist plots were compared at the different dc potentials

 OCP value : -0.11 V


-14000

-12000

V-0.29
-10000
0.19
0.09
-0.01
-8000
-0.11
-0.21
-Z"Ω -cm2

-6000 -0.31
-0.41
-0.51
-4000

-2000

0 2000 4000 6000 8000 10000 12000


0
Z' Ω-cm2
Observations
 High Impedance at OCP
 Impedance is increasing from anodic potential towards ocp
 High impedance at ocp
 Decreasing from ocp to cathodic potential.

 high frequencies : double layer capacitance


 low frequencies : Rp dominates
Contd…
 The impedance data -Linear KKT method, and residues found to be less
than 2%.

 Zsimpwin Software -Fitting EEC models which are mentioned below


 R(QR)
 R((QR)(CR))
 R(QR(CR))
 R(QR(CR)(CR))

 R(QR(CR))
Contd..
Q

Rsol Rp

Rct
C

Electrical Equivalent circuit of R(QR(CR))


R(QR(CR)) fit Parameters
E Volts RsolΩ-cm2 Y0 n Rp Ω-cm2 C2 mF/Cm2 Rct Ω-cm2

0.29 9.983 0.00010734 0.8004 2174.45 0.02373089 1104.2136

0.19 10.02 9.9439E-05 0.8098 2973.1875 0.02479103 1573.3278

0.09 9.502 0.00010189 0.8095 3161.5875 0.02348624 1931.0004

-0.01 6.274 0.0001844 0.6772 5622.5625 0.01102956 4.349754

-0.11 9.984 0.00014302 0.7651 55813.5 0.00786442 3.888684

-0.21 9.329 0.00017655 0.7113 3257.75 0.01303772 4.045644

-0.31 9.828 0.00025428 0.6894 1537.815 0.01705403 3.829824

-0.41 12.21 0.00030143 0.7996 1865.5525 0.06416922 1310.4198

-0.51 14.82 0.00036157 0.8056 348.54 0.10611621 464.994


Linear Polarization
Vdc Rp Ω-Cm2
0.29 338.1475993

0.19 564.458126

0.09 19248.50388

-0.01 23041.96173

-0.11 23073.66638

-0.21 10904.24054

-0.31 3718.373922

-0.41 1619.479983

-0.51 1050.152545
Rp Comparison using EIS and Linear Polarization

60000

50000

40000

Rp Ω-Cm2
30000

EIS_Rp
Linear Polarization Rp
20000

10000

0
-0.6 -0.5 -0.4 -0.3 -0.2 -0.1 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4
Vdc, V

-10000
Corrosion Inhibitor Coatings

 Trial 1

 Stearic acid of different concentrations

 Coating Technique: immersion

 Trial 2

 Ce(NO3)3. 6H2O and H2O2

 Coating Technique: Electrochemical Deposition


Electrochemical Deposition CeO2 on Stainless Steel

 Coating Technique: Chronoamperometric Method

 Applied Potential: -0.8 VSCE

 Duration: 1800 s

 Stirring @ 300 rpm


10 mm 10 mm 10 mm 10 mm

15 mm

15 mm

15 mm
15 mm

Polishing Pretreatment ECD Coating

2 mm 2 mm 2 mm 2 mm

Contact angle
Corrosion Studies
Measurements

Tafel
EIS
Linear Polarization
Tafel and EIS of bare sample
Tafel_WO_bare Tafel_W_Bare
5
5

4 4

log(I), A
log(I), A 3 3

2 2

1 1
0 0
-1 -0.8 -0.6 -0.4 -0.2 0 0.2 0.4 -1 -0.8 -0.6 -0.4 -0.2 0 0.2 0.4 0.6
-1 -1
E, V
E, V
-2
-2

EIS_WO_Bare EIS_W_Bare
-12000.00
-12,000.00
-10000.00
-10,000.00
-8000.00
-8,000.00
-Z"Ω -cm2

-Z"Ω -cm2

-6000.00 -6,000.00
-4000.00 -4,000.00

-2000.00 -2,000.00
0 3,000 6,000 9,000 12,000 15,000
0.00 0.00
0 3000 6000 9000 12000
Z' Ω-cm2
Z' Ω-cm2
Future Work

 Tafel, EIS, Linear polarization on SPHS

 Tafel Parameters: Matlab

 EIS Validation and Fitting: Linear KKT and ZSimpwin

 Comparative studies of bare and SHPS.


References
 Electrochemical Corrosion Characteristics of Super Duplex Stainless Steel S32750 in LT-MED Environment
, Huabing Li1,*, Zhouhua Jiang1,*, Hao Feng1, Qi Wang1, Wei Zhang2, Guangwei Fan2, Guoping Li2, Leiying Wang3 , 30 December
2014

 An experimental study of crevice corrosion behaviour of 316L stainless steel in artificial seawater, Baoping
Cai, Yonghong Liu *, Xiaojie Tian, Fei Wang, Hang Li, Renjie Ji, 19 June 2010

 Electrochemical corrosion characteristics of type 316L stainless steel in hot concentrated seawater, S.S. Xin,
M.C. Li , 15 December 2013

 A Simple Process for Fabricating Organic/TiO2 Super-Hydrophobic and Anti-Corrosion Coating Chunyan
Mo1, Yansheng Zheng1,2,*, Falong Wang1,Qian Mo1, 28 July 2015

 Thermal effect on superhydrophobic performance of stearic acid modified ZnO nanotowers, N. Saleema *, M.
Farzaneh, 11 October 2007

 Solubility of Stearic Acid in Various Organic Solvents and Its Prediction using Non-ideal Solution Models,
Rudi Heryanto,a,b Masitah Hasan,a* Ezzat Chan Abdullaha and Andri Cahyo Kumoro a,c, 1 Aug 2007

 Cathodic electrodeposition of cerium-based oxides on carbon steel fromconcentrated cerium nitrate


solutions, Hamlaoui et al, 3 Aug 2008
Thank You