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PRESENTED BY:

K VIGNESHCHIRANJEEVI RAO 1DS15ME048


KAILAS M U 1DS15ME049
KANTALE SHARAN KUMAR 1DS15ME050
KARTHIK G C 1DS15ME052
KIRAN KUMAR T M 1DS15ME054
KIRAN NAGAPPA SHINDE 1DS15ME055
KIRAN S 1DS15ME056
 What is logistics?
 IoT in Logistics and its impact
 Need of IoT in Logistics
 Applications
What is logistics?

Logistics is the management of the flow of things


between the point of origin and the point of
consumption in order to meet requirements of
customers or corporations.
o Logistics operators, business as well as end consumers are seen
the bright side of IoT when implemented to complement Logistics
operations.
o Experts identify areas in Logistics operations that can be
automated with Internet of Things.
Following pointers will give you a clear picture of
impact of IoT on Logistics operations management:
o Get real time updates on each operation of logistics

o Check the status of assets or parcel and get


accurate information about the same
o Monitor and analyze how the assets are
performing to improve their overall speed and cut
the time to delivery
o Automate several operations by programming
devices to work as per a set of predefined rules in
order to reduce human intervention, eliminate
human error, improve quality and lower the costs.
Such real time tracking of parcels and assets helps in
optimizing the overall logistics operations
lifecycle.
o Cloud computing and Big Data have made it possible to manage
large data sets and analyze it using appropriate tools.
o While such technologies are now easily available, logistics industry
aims to make the most of IoT to gather large amounts of data that
could help them in refining operations for maximum benefit.
Some obvious reasons that dictate the need of IoT in
logistics industry are as stated below:
o Get real time updates on each operation of
logistics.
o Check the status of assets or parcel and get
accurate information about the same.
o Monitor and analyze how the assets are
performing to improve their overall speed and cut
the time to delivery.
o Automation several operations by programming
devices to work as per a set of predefined rules in
order to reduce human intervention, eliminate
human error, improve quality and lower the costs.
1. Location management systems
o In the logistics domain, IoT can create a smart
location management system that will enable
companies to easily track driver activities,
vehicle location, and delivery status.
o Once goods are delivered or come to a certain
place, a manager is notified by a push message.
o Such a solution is an irreplaceable assistant in
delivery planning and compilation and
viewing of schedules.
o All changes are instantly detected and reflected
in real time.
o So, IoT technology can be successfully used for
improving location management and
streamlining business processes.
2. Inventory tracking and warehousing
 Inventory management and warehousing are one
of the most important parts of the connected
logistics ecosystem.
 The placement of small inexpensive sensors will
allow companies to easily track inventory items,
monitor their status and position and create a
smart warehouse system.
 With the help of IoT technology employees will be
able to successfully prevent any losses, ensure safe
storage of goods, as well as efficiently locating an
item needed.
 By now, almost all logistics companies have
already adopted such IoT solutions in their work.
 The minimization of human errors also becomes
possible due to IoT.
3. IoT technology and predictive analytics
o Predictive analytics is taking center stage in
different industries, helping companies and
corporations create effective business development
strategies, improve the decision-making process,
make smart business insights, manage risks and a
lot more.
o Internet-enabled devices are here to collect large
data amounts and transmit them to the central
system for further analysis.
o IoT and predictive analytics solutions can be
applied for route and delivery planning and
identification of various defects before something
goes wrong.
o The results are a timely replacement of machinery
parts, prevention of any crashes and efficient
vehicle/equipment maintenance.
4. IoT and block chain for supply chain
management
 Supply chain management carries various challenges,
from illegal food practices to taking care of product
conditions.
 That’s why both companies and their customers want
the option to trace the product lifecycle – from the
origin of goods to their transportation to the
customer’s hands.
 While blockchain can solve many IoT security issues, it
can add great value to supply chains too.
 Walking hand in hand, they can fulfill the need for
supply chain security, transparency and traceability.
 The placement of radio-frequency identification tags
and sensors will allow monitoring of things such as
product temperature and humidity, vehicle location
and stages of the transportation process.
 The data is recorded and saved in the blockchain, every
product is given a digital ID that secures all
information about it along with the product lifecycle.
5. Self-driving vehicles
o In the near future, we will become the
witnesses of the widespread use and adoption
of self-driving vehicles, being tested at the
moment. Logistics companies will be the first
to take an advantage of their integration into
business processes.
o While IoT devices are responsible for collecting
large data amounts, the analytics system turns
them into smart driving routes and directions.
o This way, businesses can also minimize car
accidents, reduce operating costs and optimize
road traffic.
6. Drone-based delivery

o Drones, having the highest potential in retail, logistics, agriculture and e-


commerce, drones and droids can add speed and efficiency to the
working environment.
o In the logistics industry, drones can ensure business process automation
by providing smart inventory tracking, fast transportation of goods, and
instant in-store delivery. What’s more, they enable to solve last-mile
delivery problems.