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Teacher Education

and the K to 12
Trends and Challenges on Teacher Education:
Implications to Mathematics Education

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Challenges

International:
Standardization

ASEAN: One
Community

National:
K to 12 Reform

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Challenges

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PNU
The K to 12
Curriculum

Intended Implemented Attained Achieved


Curriculum Curriculum Curriculum Curriculum

SCHOOL IMPACT TO
GRADUATION COMMUNITY
AND COUNTRY

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The Education Delivery System

INPUT THROUGHPUT OUTPUT

STUDET QUALITY
INTAKE GRADUATES
PRODUCTION AND
DELIVERY SYSTEM

FACULTY
CURRICULUM RELEVANCE
AND IMPACT
FACILITIES
TO
RESEARCH AND EXTENSION SERVICES
COMMUNITY

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REFORM THE RESPONSE
PROGRAM

TEACHER
EDUCATION

Restructuring the
K to 12 Curriculum

Capacitating
the Preparing
schools’pool the future
of current teachers
teachers

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What Should Teachers Know?
The New Paradigm

Learners Teachers

K-12 Value-
Competencies K-12 Content added
Competencies and Skills content
and Skills and
skills

Teacher Education
Teachers
Faculty

Desired Research-
Competencies Desired Content Content based
and Skills and Skills Knowledge

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Teacher Education

CONTENT

PEDAGOGIES

TECHNOLOGIES

OTHERS

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Teacher Education

Initial Teacher
Teacher Development
Training Teacher or Continuing
Induction Education

(In-Service)
(Pre-
Service)

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Teacher_education

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Teacher Education

CONTENT Teacher
Initial Development
PEDAGO- Teacher or Continuing
GIES Training Teacher Education
Induction
TECHNO-
LOGIES (Pre- (In-Service)
Service)
OTHERS

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 Scope
 Sequence CONTENT
 Continuity
 Integration

Speciali- Electives
General zation Mandated
Education Subjects
Breadth

Tools

Depth

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Property of PNU-UCMIMO. Do not reproduce without permission
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INSTRUCTIONAL
FORMAT

Teach
Others

Audio Demo
-VisuaDl
iscussion

Practice
Lecture Doing

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OUTCOMES BASED
TEACHER EDUCATION
CURRICULUM (OBTEC)
FRAMEWORK
(Undergraduate)

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Outcomes-Based
Co-Curricular Program
(OBCCuP)

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PHILIPPINE PROFESSIONAL STANDARDS FOR
TEACHERS (PPST)

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K to 12
Implementation Issues Challenges
 DepEd support for  Limitations on
 Teacher training,
teacher training, time and recruitment and
instruc-tional resources development
materials  Teacher  Assessment tools
development Capability for  Learning
 CHED support for higher level environment and
Senior HS subjects facilities
materials
 Understanding the
development
learner for
 Involvement of appropriate
universities in
pedagogical
delivery of SHS
approaches
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The Brain Studies and
Learner Education Neuro
Science

Source: The Nueroscience of Learning and Development: Page Up People White Paper.
PNU (Feb.2011) in pageuppeople.com
The
Learner
Both nature and nurture affect the learning brains
The brain is plastic
The brain’s response to reward is influenced by
expectations and uncertainty
The brain has mechanisms for self regulation
Education is a powerful form of cognitive
enhancement
There are individual differences with basis in the
brain
Neuroscience informs adaptive learning technology
Source: Neuroscience: Implications for education and lifelong learning (2011)

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What factors affect
Mathematics Performance?
Curriculum
12

10

8 Teacher Capability

6 Intrinsic
Reward
4
Family Support
2

0
2 4 6 8 10 12
Years of schooling

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Growth vs Fixed Mindset

Source: https://medium.com/leadership-motivation-and-impact/fixed-v-growth-mindset-
902e7d0081b3
PNU
Understanding the Learner

K to 12
PNU http://www.lajajakids.com/store/index.php/blog/20110517-childdev/
Ester B. Ogena, PhD
Philippine Normal University
PNU ogena.eb@pnu.edu.ph