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Huawei eRAN8.

1 CA Feature Implementation in GN
OR Tambo Airport

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Agenda

1 CA Overview and Benefit

2 CA Configuration Strategy for eRan8.1

3 SCC Configuration and Activation for CA User

4 LTE Inter Freq L2100 L1800 Mobility Strategy

5 CA Deployment, Configuration and Maintenance

6 CA Key Parameters and Implement result

7 Precaution

8 Speed-test Pre & Post Result

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Huawei CA Roadmap

Planned
Planning

Intra-band CA for DL 2SCC Flexible CA 2SCC from 3 CA with New Carrier Type
• 2.6G + 2.6G up to 40M Carriers UL 2CC CA(Trial)
• 1.8G + 1.8G up to 40M
XXXX
Blind SCell CA enhancement
Inter-band CA for DL 2SCC Configuration • Blind SCC Configuration in frequency-
• 2.6G + 1.8G up to 40M based CA (Adaptive CA) for S1/S2/S3
• 2.6G + 800M up to 30M hybrid scenario
• 1.8G + 800M up to 30M
CA for DL 2SCC / UL • DL 3CC CA
• AWS + 700M up to 20M 1SCC
• 800M + 900M up to 20M Inter-eNodeB CA based on
• 1800M(5M/10M)+2100M(5M) • Other Combinations Relaxed backhaul;
up to 15M(for MTN) • 2.6G + AWS up to 40M
• 2.6G + 700M up to 30M

eRAN7.0 (2Q13) eRAN7.0 (2Q14) Next Evolution


eRAN8.1(2015Q2)

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eRAN8.1 CA Overview

Description
• Two component carriers (SCC) can be aggregated to support wider transmission
bandwidth for downlink, either contiguous or non-contiguous
• Maximum 40MHz carrier combination supported
• Backward compatibility, each SCC appears as a Rel-8 cell to non CA UE
• Only support MIMO 2x2 in eRAN8.1

Benefits
• Improved spectrum flexibility: CA with carriers in different frequency bands
• Better QoE via wider bandwidth: UE CAT6 (DL 300 / UL 50Mbps @ 2x2 MIMO)

Dependency
• 2 RRU to support inter-band CA
• Terminal support to get aggregated bandwidth - expected > 2013.

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CA Benefits

Higher peak throughput


UE Cat6, DL 300M@2x2 MIMO
Better QoS for CA UE
To support flexible price policy
Efficient carrier management as one cell
Maximum carrier resource utilization

90% PRB usage Cell A @ Freq1


With CA 95% PRB usage

70% PRB usage Cell B @ Freq2


95% PRB usage

R8/9 UE CA UE

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Page 5
Adaptive CA Introduction

 ACA CaGroup1:
 F1 Cell1 F2 Cell3
 F2 Cell1 F1 Cell1
In the actual commercial scene ,  Blind SCell F2 Cell5
F2 Cell1
radio coverage are complex, 2
CaGroup2: F2 Cell2 F1 Cell3
existing symmetrical coverage  F1 Cell2 F2 Cell4
 F2 Cell2
scene and asymmetric coverage  Blind SCell
F1 Cell2
scene on the same eNodeB , the
FCA works:
target of Adaptive CA  F1 Cell3
 FCA and CaGroup can be exist the same eNodeB;
 F2 Cell3/Cell4/Cell5
introduction are suit for complex
network .
2100M
Measured Scell:
Blind Scell:  2100M->1800M Cell1
 1800M Cell1->2100M  2100M ->1800M Cell2
 1800M Cell2->2100M  2100M ->1800M Cell3
1800M Cell3->2100M
1800M Cell1 1800M Cell2 1800M Cell3

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Agenda

1 CA Overview and Benefit

2 CA Configuration Strategy for eRan8.1

3 SCC Configuration and Activation for CA User

4 LTE Inter Freq L2100 L1800 Mobility Strategy

5 CA Deployment, Configuration and Maintenance

6 CA Key Parameters and Implement result

7 Precaution

8 Speed-test Pre & Post Result

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RF PLANNING FOR ADAPTIVE CA
The coverage areas provided by the carriers to be aggregated must overlap. The areas where CA takes effect are dependent on
the overlapping ranges.

•For Adaptive configuration, the overlapping ranges must meet the requirements of scenario 1, 2, 3, or 4
Typical Scenario Remarks

Scenario 1: intra-eNodeB co-coverage carriers None

Scenario 2: intra-eNodeB different-coverage carriers None

Scenario 3: intra-eNodeB carriers (one for macro eNodeBs support this scenario in frequency-based and adaptive configuration modes but
coverage; another for edge coverage) not in CA-group-based configuration mode.

In frequency-based or adaptive configuration mode, eNodeBs support this scenario when


Scenario 4: intra-eNodeB carriers (one provided by the the ratio of macro cells to RRHs is 1:N (N ≥ 1).
site; another provided by remote radio heads [RRHs]) In CA-group-based configuration mode, eNodeBs support this scenario when the ratio of
macro cells to RRHs is 1:1.

NOTE: Scenario 2 is being used for OR Tambo Airport.

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Adaptive CA Configuration Strategy for MTN
CA Scenario

Intra-eNodeB different-coverage carriers


Site with both 2.1G and 1.8G (Suit for MTN network )

1.8G F2

2.1G F1 Scell configuration based on adaptive :

 High Freqence PCell->Low Freqence SCell:Initial blind configuration


Intra-BBU 2CC Scelll

 Low Freqence PCell->High FreqenceSCell:Initial measurement


Site with both 2.1G and 1.8G:Intra-BBU
configuration SCelll
2CC:B1(5M)+B3(10M);

Open SccA2RmvSwitch / SccModA6Switch :


Open SccA2RmvSwitch,UE can exchange Scell by A2+A4;
Open SccModA6Switch,UE can exchange Scell by A6 (A6 need to UE support);

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HARDWARE PLANNING FOR ADAPTIVE CA
Number of BBP
• RF modules: BBPs for CA
BBP Name
Model
Antenna Mode of Cells
To meet the time alignment error requirements, LBBPc N/A 2T2R
use one dual-carrier RF module or two RF modules of the LBBPd1 2T2R
same model for intra-band CA. Inter-band CA has no special
LBBPd LBBPd2 2T2R, 2T4R, or 4T4R
requirements for RF modules. For the time alignment error
requirements, LBBPd3 2T2R
UBBPd3 2T2R
• BBPs, including UMDU: 2
CA works between either intra-BBP or inter-BBP cells. UBBPd4 2T2R, 2T4R, or 4T4R
For intra-BBP CA, use a BBP other than LBBPc. For inter-BBP CA, UBBP
use any combination of LBBPc, LBBPd, and UBBP boards, UBBPd5 2T2R

except a combination of two LBBPc boards. Antenna modes of UBBPd6 2T2R, 2T4R, or 4T4R
cells supported by common BBPs are listed table.
UBBP UBBPda 2T2R
LBBPd3 2T2R
• NOTE: LBBPd and UBBP perform better than LBBPc in terms of UBBPd5 2T2R
UE capacities and processing capabilities. Therefore, it is LBBP or UBBP
recommended that cells on LBBPd and UBBP boards act as 1 UBBPd6 2T2R, 2T4R, or 4T4R
PCells for UEs. Cells on LBBPc boards cannot act as PCells.
UBBPda 2T2R
UMDUa3 2T2R

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Agenda

1 CA Overview and Benefit

2 CA Configuration Strategy for eRan8.1

3 SCC Configuration and Activation for CA User

4 LTE Inter Freq L2100 L1800 Mobility Strategy

5 CA Deployment, Configuration and Maintenance

6 CA Key Parameters and Implement result

7 Precaution

8 Speed-test Pre & Post Result

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SCC Configuration and Activation for CA User
CA Status Change (1/4)
There are 3 status for a CA-capable UE:
1. SCC_Unconfigured: same as a non-CA UE
2. SCC_Configured_Activated
3. SCC_Configured_Deactivated

Typical scenarios for CA status transition


 Initiation stage
 Traffic to trigger SCCactivation/deactivation
 Coverage event (A2) to de-configure SCC
 Handover procedure (mobility)

Note:
1) Only eNodeB can deactivate or de-configure SCC (SCC can be deactivated, but PCell cannot be).
2) Handover is required to change the PCell for a CA UE.

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Page 12
Agenda

1 CA Overview and Benefit

2 CA Configuration Strategy for eRan8.1

3 SCC Configuration and Activation for CA User

4 LTE Inter Freq L2100 L1800 Mobility Strategy

5 CA Deployment, Configuration and Maintenance

6 CA Key Parameters and Implement result

7 Precaution

8 Speed-test Pre & Post Result

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LTE Inter Freq L2100L1800 Mobility Strategy for non CA UE
LTE to UMTS PSHO LTE Inter Freq Reselections LTE Intra Freq Reselections
IRAT Reselections LTE Inter Freq Handover LTE Intra Freq Handover
LTE to UMTS CSFB/RD LTE Inter Freq Load Sharing

Carrier 2 LTE 2100 LTE 2100 Frequency Priority:6

LTE RAN
Carrier 1 LTE 1800 LTE 1800 LTE 1800 Frequency Priority:6

UMTS RAN UMTS UMTS UMTS UMTS Frequency Priority:3

GSM RAN GSM GSM GSM GSM Frequency Priority:1

Inter-frequency load sharing is used to balance the load between cells belonging to different frequency layers

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Agenda

1 CA Overview and Benefit

2 CA Configuration Strategy for eRan8.1

3 SCC Configuration and Activation for CA User

4 LTE Inter Freq L2100 L1800 Mobility Strategy

5 CA Deployment, Configuration and Maintenance

6 CA Key Parameters and Implement result

7 Precaution

8 Speed-test Pre & Post Result

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CA Mechanism and Dependency

Mechanism
 eNB support intra-band (contiguous or non-contiguous) CA for two downlink carriers
 eNB support inter-band CA for two downlink carriers
 In basic scheduling, CA UE (with non-GBR) will be treated as non CA UE, which means their scheduling priority is
same; In differentiation scheduling, CA UE can be treated as two UEs, which means it can get same RB with other
UE in each carrier. Thus, CA UE can get double radio resource in theory
 By Carrier Management, eNB can activate UE’s SCell with high data rate and deactivate it with low data rate
Dependency
 UE: R10 or later, to support CA
 RRU/RFU: Should keep Time Alignment Error less than 130ns (for contiguous), 260ns (for non-contiguous), and
1300ns (for inter-band)
 CN: To support single user 100Mbps throughput
 eNB Version:Recommend eRan8.1 and upper
 Support : LBBPd1+LBBPd 2/ two LBBPd1 / two LBBPd2 / LBBPd3

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Page 16
CA Parameter Configuration Process for Radio Side

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Agenda

1 CA Overview and Benefit

2 CA Configuration Strategy for eRan8.1

3 SCC Configuration and Activation for CA User

4 LTE Inter Freq L2100 L1800 Mobility Strategy

5 CA Deployment, Configuration and Maintenance

6 CA Key Parameters and Counter

7 Precaution

8 Speed-test Pre & Post Result

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Key Parameters
Parameter Name Parameter ID Setting Notes
PCC Downlink EARFCN, Preferred PCC Priority, PCC A4 RSRP Threshold, PCC A4 RSRQ
PCC Downlink EARFCN PccFreqCfg.PccDlEarfcn
Threshold
SccFreqCfg.PccDlEarfcn
SCC Downlink EARFCN PCC Downlink EARFCN, SCC Downlink EARFCN, SCC Priority, SCC A2 Offset, SCC A4 Offset

Set both FreqCfgSwitch(FreqCfgSwitch) and AdpCaSwitch(AdpCaSwitch) under this


CA Algorithm Switch ENodeBAlgoSwitch.CaAlgoSwitch
parameter on.

This parameter specifies whether a candidate cell can be configured as an SCell in a blind manner
during adaptive CA.

In adaptive configuration mode, this parameter takes effect regardless of the SccBlindCfgSwitch setting
under the ENodeBAlgoSwitch.CaAlgoSwitch parameter.

SCell Blind Configuration Flag CaGroupSCellCfg.SCellBlindCfgFlag


If this parameter is set to TRUE(TRUE), the eNodeB can configure this candidate cell as an SCell
for CA UEs in a blind manner, without delivering A4 measurement configurations to the UEs.

If this parameter is set to FALSE(FALSE), the eNodeB delivers A4 measurement configurations to


CA UEs before it can configure this candidate cell as an SCell.

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Key Parameters

Parameter ID Parameter Group

Carrier Aggregation A2 RSRP threshold, Carrier Aggregation A4 RSRP threshold, Local cell ID, CA Active Buffer Delay
Carrier Management Threshold, CA Active Buffer Length Threshold, CA Deactive Throughput Threshold, CA Deactive Buffer Length
CaMgtCfg
Switch Threshold, CA A6 Report Amount, CaA6ReportInterval, SCC Disable CQI Threshold, SCC Configuration Interval, Cell
Level CA Algorithm Switch

DL CA Scheduling Downlink CA Schedule Strategy, Ca Scc Doppler Measurement


CellDlschAlgo
Strategy “BASIC_SCHEDULE” for default value,“DIFF_SCHEDULE” for Higher QoS for CA Ues

Inter Frequency InterFreqHoGroup CoverageBased Interfreq RSRP threshold, A4A5 Based Interfreq A2 RSRP Threshold
Handover Group

CA Algo Switch ENodeBAlgoSwitch CA Algorithm Switch, OverBBUsSwitch

Global Procedure Switch GlobalProcSwitch Protocol Compatibility Switch

primary component
carrier Freq PccFreqCfg PCC Downlink EARFCN, Preferred PCC Priority, PCC A4 RSRP Threshold, PCC A4 RSRQ Threshold
Configuration

secondary component
carrier Frequency SccFreqCfg PCC Downlink EARFCN, SCC Downlink EARFCN, SCC Priority, SCC A2 Offset, SCC A4 Offset
Configuration

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Page 20
Key Parameters
Id
Parameter Name MML Command Meaning

MOD CAMGTCFG
A2 threshold for CA SCell To indicate A2 RSRP threshold for CA SCell’s Remove CarrAggrA2ThdRsrp
LST CAMGTCFG

MOD CAMGTCFG
A4 threshold for CA SCell To indicate A4 RSRP threshold for CA SCell’s Add CarrAggrA4ThdRsrp
LST CAMGTCFG

Buffer Delay threshold for MOD CAMGTCFG To indicate the threshold of buffer delay for SCell Activation. ActiveBufferDelayThd
Activation

Buffer length threshold for MOD CAMGTCFG To indicate the threshold of buffer length for SCell Activation. ActiveBufferLenThd
Activation

Throughput threshold for MOD CAMGTCFG To indicate the threshold of rate for SCell Deactivation. DeactiveThroughputThd
Deactivation

Buffer Delay threshold for MOD CAMGTCFG To indicate the threshold of buffer length for SCell DeactiveBufferLenThd
Deactivation Deactivation.

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eRAN8.1 CA Counter

Counter Name Note


L.ChMeas.PRB.DL.PCell.Used.Avg Downlink average PRB number occupied by CA UEs as PCell in current cell

L.ChMeas.PRB.DL.SCell.Used.Avg Downlink average PRB number occupied by CA UEs as SCell in current cell

L.Traffic.User.PCell.DL.Avg Downlink average number of CA UEs as PCell in current cell

L.Traffic.User.PCell.DL.Max Downlink max number of CA UEs as PCell in current cell

L.Traffic.User.SCell.DL.Avg Downlink average number of CA UEs as SCell in current cell

L.Traffic.User.SCell.DL.Max Downlink max number of CA UEs as SCell in current cell

L.Thrp.bits.DL.CAUser Total throughput of downlink PDCP by CA UEs in current cell

L.Thrp.Time.DL.CAUser Total time of downlink transmission by CA UEs in current cell

L.E-RAB.AbnormRel.CAUser Total abnormal release times by CA UEs in current cell

L.E-RAB.NormRel.CAUser Total normal release times by CA UEs in current cell

L.HHO.PrepAttOut.CAUser.PCC Total times of Handover out preparation attempt by CA UEs in current cell

L.HHO.ExecAttOut.CAUser.PCC Total times of Handover out execution attempt by CA UEs in current cell

L.HHO.ExecSuccOut.CAUser.PCC Total times of Handover out execution success by CA UEs in current cell

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Message Tracing CA User
Observing SCell Configuration on the U2000 Client

1.Log in to the U2000 client, and then choose Monitor > Signaling Trace > Signaling Trace Management. In the navigation tree
on the left of the Signaling Trace Management tab page, choose Trace Type > LTE > Application Layer > Uu Interface Trace.
2.Select an NE, set tracing task parameters, and then click Finish to start signaling tracing.
3.Check the tracing result for the RRC_CONN_RECFG message. The eNodeB configures or removes an SCell for the CA UE by
using an RRC_CONN_RECFG message that contains the IE sCellToAddModList or sCellToReleaseList

Scell to Scell to
Add Mod Release
List List

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Page 23
Agenda

1 CA Overview and Benefit

2 CA Configuration Strategy for eRan8.1

3 SCC Configuration and Activation for CA User

4 LTE Inter Freq L2100 L1800 Mobility Strategy

5 CA Deployment, Configuration and Maintenance

6 CA Key Parameters and Counter

7 Precaution

8 Speed-test Pre & Post Result

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Precaution

 LTE should be to keep UEs camping on the L1800 layer, with L2100 essentially only being used for downlink
CA traffic where the LTE2100 is the SCell not the Pcell.
 After activation of CA we have to monitor L2100 & F3 performance both ways. If there are degradations in
UL / DL, RSSIs (interference) it should be reported immediately (Regional teams,) for both the technology.
 Pre DT should be done to make sure CA Site U2100 F3 and LTE serve same area in co sector .
 All Baseline script run in once and check if got fail .
 All hardware requirement should be install before activation .
 Must be double check all F3 layer deactivate or remove on CA site .

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Agenda

1 CA Overview and Benefit

2 CA Configuration Strategy for eRan8.1

3 SCC Configuration and Activation for CA User

4 LTE Inter Freq L2100 L1800 Mobility Strategy

5 CA Deployment, Configuration and Maintenance

6 CA Key Parameters and Counter

7 2100 Description and Precaution before CA

8 Speed-test Pre & Post Result

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CAAgenda
Throughput Results by SpeedTest
Inter_band Adaptive CA Speed Test Result 10MHz_1800MHz And 5MHz_1800MHz PRE & POST
PRE-TEST
PRE POST

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Thank You

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