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Earth System

System
---any entity that consists of
interrelated parts or
components
Earth System
--- relies on the interactions
among a vast combination
of factors that enable it to
support life.
Subsystem
---functioning units of a
major system that
demonstrate strong
internal connection
EARTH’S MAJOR SUBSYSTEM

1.Atmosphere
---it is the gaseous blanket of
air that envelops, shields, and
insulates the Earth.
---variations in atmospheric
components that we know as
weather and climate.
Hydrosphere
2.

--- includes the water of


earth---like oceans, lakes,
rivers ,and etc
Lithosphere
3.

--- makes up the solid


Earth---landforms, rocks,
soils, and minerals
Biosphere
4.

---composed of all living


things: people, other
animals, and plants.
These major subsystems and
the interactions among them
nurture the condition
necessary for life.
The hydrosphere provides the
water supply for life on Earth,
including humans, and provides
a home for aquatic plants and
animals. The hydrosphere
affects the lithosphere as water
moving in streams, waves, and
currents shape landforms.
EARTH IMPACTS
 The Earth system is dynamic, continually
responding to changes.
 -season

 -ocean tides

 -earthquakes

 -floods

 -volcanic eruption
ECOSYSTEM

The study of relationship


between organisms and their
environments is the science
of ecology
The word Ecosystem refers to
a community of organisms
and the relationships of those
organisms to each other and
to their environment.
 Ecosystem is dynamic in that its various parts
are always changing.

 For instance, plants grow, rain falls, animal eat,


and soil develop—all affecting the environment of
a particular ecosystem.
A LIFE-SUPPORT SYSTEM
 Earth’s most critical characteristic is that it is a
life-support system.

 On Earth, natural processes produce an adequate


supply of oxygen; the sun interacts with the
atmosphere, oceans, and land to maintain
tolerable temperatures; and photosynthesis or
other processes provide food supplies for living
things
If a critical part of a life-
support system is
significantly changed or fails
to operate properly, living
organisms may no longer be
able to survive.
SUSTAINABLE LIVING

Natural resources can be


abused, wasted, or exhausted,
potentially threatening Earth
ability to support human life.
 The world population is at 7 billion, and united
nations’ estimated indicate a population of more
than 9 billion people by 2050 if current growth
rates continue.

 More than half the world’s people now tolerate


substandard living condition and insufficient
food.
ACTIVITY

 In a 1 whole sheet of paper

 Give one example of an environment in your local


area that has been affected by human activity. In
you own opinion, was the change good or bad?