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Good Morning

Class!
Let’s Review

MECHANICS:

A, raise your hands forward.


B, raise your hands upwards.
C, raise your hands sideward.
 What do you call the set of all people, objects, events or ideas you
want to investigate?
a. Sample b. population c. data

 A sample refers to ___ of a population. A --forward.


B, --upwards.
a subset b. a list c. a description C, --sideward.

 What is the mean of 13, 27, 29, 17 and 14?


a. 29 b. 28 c. 20

 What do you call a number that describes a population


characteristic?
a. Sample statistic b. parameter c. variable

 Which of the following symbols denotes population mean?


a. 𝒙
ഥ b. 𝜎 c. 𝜇
Let’s have an activity
Time Tally Frequency
 The class will be divided into three
groups. Each group will collect
information about the wake-up time of 4:00
every person in the group during school
4:30
days. Represent each information by a
tally mark. Then, count the tally marks 5:00
and write the corresponding decimal
numeral under the heading frequency. 5:30

6:00

Total
Average
 What is the average wake up time of group 1?
2? 3 How about the average wake up time of
the entire class?

 How were you able to get the average wake up


time of the entire class?
 The final result is a number that is called point estimate of
the mean µ of the population where the samples come
from. This is one way to report the result.

 Another way the interval estimate. Interval estimate is a


range of values that may contain the parameter of a
population.
Let’s have another activity

Group 1:
Susan, a TLE researcher, looked at the average time (in minutes) it takes a random
sample of customers to be served in a restaurant. From 40 customers, the following
information was obtained. What is the average wait time? ________
8 8 10 18 10 13 10 8 10
12 10 16 16 12 15 12 9 15
10 20 12 12 10 10 10 18 12
15 12 14 14 15 16 12 8 8

•What is the mean of the sample? ____ Minutes.


•This value is called _____ of the population meanμ.
•Based on the observation of the mean, would you patronize the restaurant?
 Group 2:
Mr. Santiago’s Company sells bottled coconut juice. He claims that a
bottle contains 500 ml of such juice. A consumer group wanted to
know if his claim is true. They took six random samples of 10 such bottles
and obtained the capacity, in ml, of each bottle. The result is shown as
follows:

Sample 1 500 498 497 503 499 497 497 497 497 495
Sample 2 500 500 495 494 498 500 500 500 500 497
Sample 3 497 497 502 496 497 497 497 497 497 495
Sample 4 501 495 500 497 497 500 500 495 497 497
Sample 5 502 497 497 499 496 497 497 499 500 500
Sample 6 496 497 496 495 497 497 500 500 496 497

Find point estimate of the population mean with the use of Microsoft
Exel.
 Group 3:
 Mr. Domingo conducted a survey among ten random samples of
people who are in favor of truck ban in a section of a metropolitan
area. He determined the percentages of those who are in favor of
the ban. Assuming that the only error present is the sampling error,
he wanted to determine the point estimate of the population mean
percentage and the standard deviation based on 500 observations.
The following numbers represent the percentages of the ten surveys.
47.0 56.4 50.1 60.2 48.0 55.3 60.0 59.5 63.0 57.5

σ(𝑥−𝑥)ҧ 2
 Given: 𝑠2 =
𝑛−1
 How confident are you about your estimation?

 Is it a good method of estimating a population


parameter? Why do you say so?
 A good estimator has the following properties:
 When the mean of a sample statistic from a large number of different
random samples equals the true population parameter, then the
sample statistic is an unbiased estimate of the population parameter.

 Across the many repeated samples, the estimates are not very far from
the true parameter value.

 The ff. figures illustrate bias where the vertical line represents the
population mean and the dots represent sample means from the 𝑥ҧ
sampling mean.
 Give your thoughts about the advantage of numbers over verbal
descriptions.
 Define point estimate in your own words.
 What is the difference between point estimate and interval
estimate?
 How did you solve the Point Estimate of a Population Mean?
 Give some of your experience that you used the concept of
estimation.
Evaluation

 MECHANICS:
 All groups will be given the same task. The first to finish
will be given extra points and the last will be the one
to present their work in the class.
Find
(A) the point estimate of the population parameter 𝜇 and
(B) standard deviation for each of the following sets of
data.