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CAMBODIA

CAMBODIA
• Cambodia is one of the most beautiful countries in Southeast
Asia.
• It is also known as Kâmpuchéa.
Located in the southern
portion of the Indochina
Peninsula of Southeast
Asia.

Phnom Penh – the capital


of Cambodia.
CAMBODIA
• The official religion of Cambodia is Theravada Buddhism.
KHMER (CAMBODIAN)
KINGDOM OF ANGKOR

• It is a great empire that


dominated Southeast Asia
for 600 years.
CAMBODIA
• Their music gained a worldwide reputation in the
1960s until the dramatic political problems in
Cambodia.
CAMBODIAN
MUSIC
• Cambodian Art Music is highly influenced by ancient forms as well as Hindu
forms.
• Religious dancing, many of which depict stories and ancient myths, are common in Cambodian
culture.
• Some dances are accompanied by a pinpeat orchestra, which includes a ching (cymbal), roneat
(bamboo xylophone), pai au (flute), sralai (oboe), chapey (bass moon lute or banjo), gong
(bronze gong), tro (fiddle), and various kinds of drums. Each movement the dancer makes
refers to a specific idea, including abstract concepts like today (pointing a finger upwards). The
1950s saw a revival in classical dance, led by Queen Sisowath Kossamak Nearyrath.
CAMBODIAN
MUSIC - MOHORI
• Another form of traditional music was mohori music, which was the entertainment music
of the courts of Cambodia, Siam and Laos.
• While the pinpeat music was religious and "for deities", the mohori music was made for
noblemen, focusing on themes and moods to "delight their souls.”
• This music "favors soft instruments", including khloy flute, krapeu, tro chhé, tro sor and
Tro Ou stringed instruments, and roneat ek xylophone, roneat thong metallophone, skor
romonea drums and chhingfinger cymbals.
CAMBODIAN
MUSIC - ARAK
• Arak (araak, areak, aareak) music was music for religious and healing purposes, dating to
"animist spiritual beliefs" of ancient Cambodia.
• Traditionally it was used to "drive out illness," and used flute, drum, tro, chapei and kse
diev.
CAMBODIAN
MUSIC - TAKHE
• Takhe may be the most popular musical instrument in Cambodia.
• A Takhe is propped by from three to five legs.
• When performing, the player sits beside it, the left-hand runs up and down the strings
while the other one plucks that strings with a plectrum.
• Takhe means crocodile because from above, it looks like a crocodile. Besides, the
frets are also similar to crocodile’s teeth.
• Earlier, Cambodian people often carved the image of a crocodile on the instrument but
today, this occurs uncommonly.
CAMBODIAN TAKHE
CAMBODIAN
MUSIC – CHAPEI DANG VENG
• Chapei Dang Veng is a solo instrument which is played when the musician tells folk
stories in traditional wedding ceremonies.
• It is very popular in Cambodian traditional weddings, is a favorite musical instrument
of the local. Besides, it is used as a background in a fun duel of words between two
people.
• The wood for making Chapei Dang Veng is carefully chosen, so its sound is very beautiful,
attracting the listeners.
CHAPEI DANG VENG
CAMBODIAN
MUSIC
• Cambodian court music is roughly similar to that of Java,
Indonesia. They feature choruses with large orchestras based on
struck keys and gongs.
• Cambodian people also absorber and adopted Indian, Chinese,
European, and other cultures to suit their own traditions and
tastes that resulted in a distinct Cambodian culture.
CAMBODIAN
PINPEAT
• The Pinpeat is a Cambodian musical ensemble or an orchestra that
usually accompanies ceremonial music of the royal courts and
temples.
• Music is always part of their court dances, masked plays, shadow
plays, and religious ceremonies.
• This group is similar to the Piphat ensemble of Thailand and
usually consists of nine or ten instruments.
THE PINPEAT
CAMBODIAN
PINPEAT - SAMPHOR
• The samphor is a small barrel drum that comes from Cambodia.
• The instrument has two heads and is played with the use of both
hands.
• The player of this musical instrument leads the pinpeat as the setter
of the tempo and beat.
• The samphor is similar to the 'taphon' that is found in Thailand.
SAMPHOR
CAMBODIAN
PINPEAT - ONEAT
• The roneat ek/oneat is a xylophone used in the Khmer classical music of Cambodia.
• It is built in the shape of a curved, rectangular shaped boat. It has twenty-one thick
bamboo or hard wood bars that are suspended from strings attached to the two walls.
CAMBODIAN
PINPEAT - CHHING
• Ching are finger cymbals played in Cambodian and Thai
theater and dance ensembles.
CAMBODIAN
PINPEAT - SKORTHOM
• The Skor thom are Cambodian 2-headed barrel drums played with a pair of wooden
drumsticks. They typically have skin heads made from oxen, cows or buffalos, and are
played in pairs.
CAMBODIAN
PINPEAT - KONGVONG
• The kong vong toch is a number of gongs that are attached to a circle-
shaped rack, closely resembling its larger relative, the kong thom.
CAMBODIAN
MUSIC – DANCE MUSIC
Dance Music
• It is music composed to facilitate or accompany
dancing.
• Two most common types of Cambodian Dance Music:
(Ramvong and Ramkbach)
CAMBODIAN
MUSIC – DANCE MUSIC
• Ramvong – it is a slow dance music.
• Ramkback – has a slower emotional melody similar to the
music of Thailand.
CAMBODIAN
MUSIC – FOLK AND CLASSICAL MUSIC

Folk and Classical Music


• It is highly influenced by ancient forms as well as Hindu forms.
• Religious dancing, many of which depict stories and ancient
myths, are common in Cambodian culture.
CAMBODIAN
MUSIC – POPULAR MUSIC
Popular Music
• It includes slow, crooner-type music and also
includes dance music.
GROUP 3:
Riscel Felicity T. Roque Frank F. Bala
Arnon Yzabel G. Guinto Marah Priscilla M. Muñoz
Mary Rose T. Ferrer Xyzy Keziah Ordonio
Jiro S. Mandigma Michella C. Tiamzon
Bettina Adrienne M. Arciaga Ani Isabel Sibal
Maria Fatima J. Uson