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CARE OF MOTHER,

CHILD,ADOLESCENT
FRAMEWORK FOR MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH NURSING
Learning Objective:

AT THE END OF 4 HOURS ,THE STUDENTS WILL BE


ABLE TO :
1. KNOW AND UNDERSTAND THE FRAMEWORK
FOR MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH NURSING

2. APPLY MATERNAL AND CHILD NURSING


CONCEPTS AND PRINCIPLES HOLISTICALLY AND
COMPREHENSIVELY
 3. be able to know and familiarize Terms related
to Maternal and Child Health
 4. TO KNOW THE PRIMARY GOAL OF MCN
Topic

 FRAMEWORK FOR MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH


NURSING AND REPRODUCTIVE AND SEXUAL
HEALTH
MATERIALS

 DLP
 LAPTOP
 SPEAKERS
 VIDEO CLIPS
PREPARATORY ACTIVITIES

 PRAYER
 CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT
 CHECKING ATTENDANCE
 RULES
TERMS

 Obstetrics – Care of woman during childbirth;


derived from Greek word “obstare” (to keep watch)
 Pediatrics – derived from Greek word, “pais” (child)
 Focus of MCN – Care of childbearing and
childrearing families.
 Primary Goal of MCN – Promotion and maintenance
of Optimal Family Health.
GOALS AND PHILOSOPHIES OF
MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH
NURSING

 Goals of MCN are broad b/c the scope of


practice or range of practice includes the ff:
1. Preconceptual Health Care
2. Care of women during 3 trimesters of
pregnancy
 1st trimester (1st – 3rd month)
 2nd trimester (4th – 6th month)
 3rd trimester (7th – 9th month)
3. CARE OF WOMEN DURING PUERPERIUM OR 4RTH
TRIMESTER ( 6 WEEKS AFTER CHILDBIRTH).
4.CARE OF INFANTS DURING PERINATAL PERIOD ( 6
WEEKS BEFORE CONCEPTION AND 6 WEEKS AFTER
BIRTH)
5.CARE OF CHILDREN FROM BIRTH TO
ADOLESCENCE
 Neonatal (28 days of life); Infancy (1 – 12 months);
Adolescence (after 18 y/o)
6. Care in settings as varied as the birthing room, the
PICU, and the home.
Philosophies of MCN

1. MCN is Family Centered; assessment must include both family and individual assessment.

2. MCN is Community Centered; health of families depends on & influences the health of
communities.

3. MCN is Evidence Based because critical knowledge increases

4. MCN includes independent nursing functions because teaching & counselling are major
interventions.

5. MCN Nurse, Advocate (protects the rights of family members, including fetus)

6. Health Promotion and Disease Prevention to protect health of new generation.

7. MCN is a challenging role for nurses


Family – basic unit of society

 Framework for MCN


1. Nursing Process (ADPIE)
2. Evidence Based Practice
3. Nursing Research
4. Nursing Theory
4 Phases of Health Care

1. Health Promotion
 Educating clients to be aware of good health through teaching and role modelling

 Ex. Family planning, teach the importance of safe sex practice, importance of
immunizations

1. Health Maintenance
 Intervening to maintain health when risk of illness is present

 Ex. Encourage prenatal care, importance of safeguarding homes by childproofing it


against poisoning
1. Health Restoration

 Diagnosing and treating illness using interventions that will return client to wellness fast
Ex. Care of child during illness, care of woman during pregnancy complications
1. Health Rehabilitation
 Preventing further complications from an illness
 Bringing client back to an optimal state of wellness
 Helping client accept inevitable death

 Ex. Encourage continuous therapies and medications


Trends in Maternal and Child Health
Nursing Population
Client Advocacy – safeguarding and
advancing the interests of clients
and their families.

Trends Nursing Implications


Families are smaller in size Fewer family members are present as support people in
times of crisis
Role of Nurse: Fullfill the role
Increased Single Parents Fewer financial resources esp. woman
(most common type of parent in US) Role of Nurse: Inform parents of care options and back –
up opinion
Increased mothers working outside home Healthcare must be scheduled at times a working parent
at least part – time (90%) can care for her own self or bring a child for care.
Role of Nurse: Discuss selection of child care centers
Families are more mobile; Increased no. Good interviewing & health monitoring are necessary so
of homeless women & children health database can be established and continuity of care.
Child and Intimate Partner Abuse Screening for child or intimate partner abuse; Nurses must
be aware of legal responsibilities for reporting abuse.
Families are more health conscious Provide Health Education
Health care should respect cost Comprehensive care is necessary in primary care settings
containment because referral to specialists may no longer be an option;
Health insurance is not available in all families.
 Ex. Care of child during illness, care of woman during pregnancy
complications
Measuring Maternal and Child Health
/ Statistical Terms Used to Report
Maternal and Child Health

1. Birth Rate – no. of births per 1000 population


2. Fertility Rate – no. of pregnancies per 1000 women of childbearing age
3. Fetal Death Rate –no. of fetal deaths weighing more than 500 g or more per 1000
live births
4. Neonatal Death Rate
 Neonatal Period – 1st 28 days of life; Infant is called Neonate

 No. of deaths per 1000 live births occurring in the 1st 28 days of life
1. Perinatal Death Rate
 Perinatal Period – 6 weeks before conception and 6 weeks after childbirth
 No. of deaths of fetuses weighing > 500g and within the first 28 days of life per 1000 birth.
1. Infant Mortality Rate – no. of deaths per 1000 live births in the first 12 months of life.
2. Childhood Mortality rate – no. of deaths per 1000 population in children; 1 – 14 y/o
3. Maternal Mortality Rate – no. of maternal deaths per 100,000 live births that occur as
direct result of reproductive process.
Legal Considerations of MCN Practice

1. Identifying and Reporting Child Abuse


2. Child can bring a lawsuit when they reach legal age
3. Informed Consent for invasive procedure and any risk that may harm the fetus
4. In divorced or blended families, nurse has the right to give consent.
Ethical Considerations of Practice

1. Conception Issues
 In Vitro Fertilization
 Embryo Transfer
 Cloning
 Stem Cell Research
 Surrogate Mothers
1. Abortion
2. Fetal Rights vs Rights of the Mother
1. Use of Fetal Tissue for Research
2. Resuscitation
3. No. of procedures or degree of pain that a child should asked to achieve better health
4. Balance between modern technology and quality of life.