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Prepared by: Rose and Claudette

• are animals that exhibit more
adaptation for living on land.
They lay eggs with shell sto
protect them from drying. They
also have smooth or rough or
scales for protection from loss
of body water.
• an air- breathing vertebrate, as
a snake, lizard, or turtle,
characterize by a bony skeleton
and a covering of dry scales or
horny plates.
• Lizards and snakes have
smooth scales. Example of
lizards are the house lizard,
gecko (tuko), monitor lizard
(bayawak), chameleon and
horned toad.
• Snakes are legless and have
flexible jaws to enable them
to swallow their prey whole.
House Lizards A common snake species is
the reticulated python seen
in zoos.
• Poisonous species include
the cobra and the rattle
snake. Snakes however,
avoid people and do not
attack unless provoked or

Gecko (tuko)
• If reptiles are adapted to land
life, most birds are adapted
to fly. Characteristics of birds
that enable hem to fly
include: presence of winga
and feathers, large flight
muscles in the breast bone
Monitor Lizard (bayawak) and reduced weight. Birds
weigh less because their
bones are light and hollow
filled with air. Birds also have
eggs with shells and the legs
are covered with scales.
• Bodies of turtles and
tortoises are enclosed in a
shell. The head, legs and tail
are pulled inside this shell as
protection from predators.
Tortoises live on land while
turtles live mostly in water.
Monitor Lizard (bayawak) Pawikan (marine turtles) live
in the sea and females come
to shore only to lay eggs.
There are species of marine
turtles which are at present
in danger of extinction.
• The animals have
webbed feet, which
coupled with the long tails
makes them adept
swimmers. Alligators and
crocodiles are both
Monitor Lizard (bayawak)
reptiles and can exist in
both salt and fresh water.
However, different
species have different
preferences with regards
to main habitats.
• Alligators and crocodiles
are considered fierce and
are known to attack both
animals and human
beings. They also share
some similarities in their
Monitor Lizard (bayawak)
appearance. Both the Nile
crocodile and the
American alligator have
long tails with jagged
• Crocodiles and alligators are
also reptiles. They are
predators of fish,deers, small
cows or carabaos, and even
attack humans. Alligators live
in fresh and salty waters in
tropical and subtropical
Monitor Lizard (bayawak) regions. In the Philippines,
two species are present, the
endemic Crocodylus
mindorensis (Philippine
Crocodile) and the saltwater
Crocodylus porosus.
• You often eat chicken during
meals or even merienda. Or
maybe balut and salted eggs
from ducks are your
favourites! Snakes and big
animals also prey on smaller
Monitor Lizard (bayawak)
birds. You enjoy the relaxing
chirping or singing of some
birds and their varied colors.
• Although certain birds feed
on rice or corn grains, they
have a role in dispersing
seeds to various places,
resulting to perpetuation of
many plant species. The
Philippine Eagle, which is
Monitor Lizard (bayawak) found only in our country,
has been declared as a
critically endangered
species. It means that there
is a possibility that the
species will disappear or be
• The main reason is the loss of
their habitat-- the forest-- due
to logging and their conversion
to farmlands. "Mammals"
Mammals differ from other
animals because they have
mammary glands that produce
Monitor Lizard (bayawak) milk to nourish their young and
most have hair or fur. They
breath in air, have four-
chambered hearts and are
warm- bloodded.
• Most of them also give birth
to live young and care for
them. The first group of
mammals, called
monotremes, lay eggs similar
to those of birds. The spiny
anteater (echidnas) living in
Monitor Lizard (bayawak) Australia, New Zealand and
Bew Guinea as well as the
duck- billed platypus are
• Their body temperature
remains the same despite
varying environmental
temperature due to the
insulation provided by
feathers. Birds have bills or
break, and in coordination
Monitor Lizard (bayawak) with the type of wings and
feet they have, are adaptated
to where they live and the
kind of food they eat.
• Maya- The term maya
refers to a folk taxon
often used in the
Philippines to refer to a
variety of small,
commonly observed
Monitor Lizard (bayawak)
passerine birds,
including a number of
sparrows, finches and
• Others, such as the more
familiar koalas, kangaroos
and wombats and flying
phalangers, are found in
Australia and New Zealand.
The eutherians comprise the
largest group of mammals.
Monitor Lizard (bayawak) Known as the placental
mammals, they bear fully
developed young inside the
mother's uterus.
• The Philippine eagle, also
known as the monkey-
eating eagle or great
Philippine eagle, is an
eagle of the family
Accipitridae endemic to
Monitor Lizard (bayawak)
forests in the Philippines.
It has brown and white-
colored plumage, and a
shaggy crest, and
generally measures 86 to
102 cm in length and
weighs 4.04 to 8.0 kg.
• A snipe is any of about 26
wading birdspecies in three
genera in the family
Scolopacidae. They are
characterized by a very long,
slender bill and crypsis, or
camouflage, plumage. The
Gallinago snipes have a nearly
worldwide distribution, the
Lymnocryptes snipe is restricted
to Asia and Europe and the
Coenocorypha snipes are found
only in the outlying islands of
New Zealand.
• Duck is the common name
for a large number of
species in the waterfowl
family Anatidae which also
includes swans and geese.
Ducks are divided among
Monitor Lizard (bayawak)
several subfamilies in the
family Anatidae; they do not
represent a monophyletic
group but a form taxon,
since swans and geese are
not considered ducks.
• These young are attached to
the placenta through which
they receive nourishment
until they arw born. After
birth, they continue to be
cared for and nourished by
milk from the mammary
Monitor Lizard (bayawak) glands. Table 2 presenta the
the different groups of
placental mammals and their
• Mammals are vertebrate
animals constituting the
class Mammalia, and
characterized by the
presence of mammary
glands which in females
Monitor Lizard (bayawak)
produce milk for feeding
their young, a neocortex,
fur or hair, and three
middle ear bones.
• Marsupials are any
members of the
mammalian infraclass
Marsupialia. All extant
marsupials are endemic to
Australasia and the
Monitor Lizard (bayawak)
Americas. A distinctive
characteristic common to
these species is that most
of the young are carried in
a pouch.
• Marsupials or the pouched
mammals also give birth to
live young. After birth, the
young are kept inside
pouches and are nourished
with the milk from the
mammary glands within
Monitor Lizard (bayawak) these pouches. Some
marsupials are found in
Central and South America.
The opossum lives only in
North America.
• Echidnas (/ɪˈkɪdnə/),
sometimes known as spiny
anteaters,[1] belong to the
family Tachyglossidae in
the monotreme order of
egg-laying mammals. The
Monitor Lizard (bayawak)
four extant species,
together with the platypus,
are the only surviving
members of the order
Monotremata, and are the
only living mammals that
lay eggs.
• Eutheria is one of two
mammalian clades with
extant members that
diverged in the Early
Cretaceous or perhaps the
Late Jurassic. Except for the
Virginia opossum, from North
Monitor Lizard (bayawak) America which is a
metatherian, all post-
Miocene mammals
indigenous to Europe, Africa,
Asia, and North America
north of Mexico are