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About Metals

A vast range of metals exist and they fit in two categories,

͚ferrous͛ and ͚non-ferrous͛ metals. These metals can be
used to build/manufacture an equally large range of items.

Non Ferrous Ferrous

These are metals that do not contain These are metals that consist mostly of
any iron at all. These metals therefore iron and small quantities of other
do not rust in the same way when elements and metals. Ferrous metals
exposed to moisture and are not are prone to rusting if exposed to
attracted to a magnet. moisture and can be picked up by using
a magnet. Both properties are due to
Typical examples are: copper,
the iron.
aluminium, tin and zinc
Typical examples are: steel, cast iron
and stainless steel
Alloys are substances that contain two or more
metals. And sometimes other elements, to improve
their properties.
These metals are carefully chosen and mixed to
achieve specific properties which may include
reducing the melting point.


+ =
Ferrous Metals

  r $ % r   r 
 % &$ " 
 '!  '  r' 
 r ( $ ) r ' 
 & % r" '

 *  +''' ,   
Non Ferrous Metals
 h * . /'0' 2 
r""%   '  0 '
   1  0'
   -   /'   3 
   "r ''
   !' '
! 4 50""  r   7 0

.  )0   0'
" 2   /'  ' 8 '
   ' '

Die Casting
r   is the process of forcing molten metal under high pressure
into mould
Press Forming

the moulds are controlled by hydraulic rams which create massive pressures.
Sheet metal is fed into the mould to be pressed. They are stamped and pressed
while still cold.
This method of manufacture is often used to make panels for cars