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Art viewers can
appreciate artworks if
they can understand and
grasp the meaning of the
In art viewing, viewers (gazers,
onlookers, audience) bring with
them their:
-knowledge of art
-judgement of beauty
This means that when viewers are
educated in art:
-they can appreciate the physical
qualities of the artwork
-interpret its content and meaning
-judge whether it is beautiful or not.
Elements that
Constitute Art
• Description
• Analysis
• Interpretation
• Describing an artwork, especially
if it is in the contemporary style,
requires knowledge of art: its
scope, principles and production
and understanding of the artist
and the factors that affect art-
Elements of Description
• SUBJECT MATTER is what you see that is
depicted in the artwork. It can be human form,
combination of texture and color, or objects
assembled together.
Key questions:
– What is the main figure in the artwork?
– How is the main figure placed within the artistic
– How do the other figures in the artwork relate
to the main figure?
5 Types of Subject Matter
• Portraits
• Still life
• Landscapes
• Abstract
• Non-objective
The main
subject are the
apples, made
to appear as
attached to
the tree. The
behind the
apple and the
boy on the
table implies
that the
painting is a
U-Pick Apples landscape.
Michael Gaudet
The main
objects are
the fishes
and lemons,
as well as the
dates. This is
a is still life
painting that
implies a
serving for a
meal due to
the plates
impression of
a table. Fish and Lemons
C. Antonello
• MATERIAL is what the artwork is made of.
It can also be a combination of objects
used in the artwork.
Key questions:
– What are the materials or objects used by the
– Do these materials bring out the intended
effect of the artist?
– If the artist choose other materials, do you
think the same effect will be achieved? Why
or why not?
The materials
used in this
painting are
palette knife,
oil, canvas. The
use of oil makes
it more effective
for blending as
it gives a subtle
blending of
colors. The
white mix into
the color of the
sun further
enhances the
object. Morning Light
Leonid Afremov
the physical qualities of the image. The artist
uses color, lines, space and other elements
to create visual images. These are arranged
to observe unity, harmony, rhythm, and other
Key questions:
- What are the dominant elements in the
- How are these used in the artwork?
- How are line, shape, volume, texture,
movement, or space used within the artistic
- What are the unifying features in the artistic
- How does the art form appeal to the visual
Perfect balance is achieved in the
sculpture. The weight of the two
figures is supported by the legs of
the ladder which is standing freely.
The only connection of the figures
to the ladder is the foot that is
attached on one step of the ladder.
There is a repetition of form as
seem in the bended knees, arms on
the air, and pointed feet. The head
of the higher figure is bent while
the head of the lower figure looks
up, giving the impression that he is
flying with her using the balloons.
Michael Cacnio
• Here, the viewer focuses on beauty,
design qualities and the value of an
artwork. This is where we determine
what the features suggest and decide
why the artist used these to convey
specific ideas. This requires
understanding of the content by
separating the parts of the subject
Key questions for analysis:
• How did the artist make the work?
• Is it a good artwork?
• Do you like/dislike the artwork? Why?
• How does it compare with other
artworks in the same contemporary
• What is the value of the artwork to you,
the youth or society?
The subject of the sculpture is God
embracing mankind. The dark color
of the wood evokes human feelings
and attracts the viewer to go closer
to look at the expressions of God and
the humans. The expressions are one
of love and dependence, devoid of
anger and hatred. Such depiction of
divine love makes the viewer want to
be in God’s embrace. It is a beautiful
art piece that is perfect for display
indoors, one that can stimulate
conversation among guests. It also
exemplifies God’s love, a value
essential to humanity.

Harry Mark Gonzales
• Interpretation is employed by the
viewer after describing and analyzing
an artwork. Here, focus is on the
expressive qualities, the meaning,
theme, mood, or idea communicated
by the artist.
Key questions for interpretation:
• What is the artwork about?
• What is it intending to communicate?
• What statement is the artist putting
forward through the artwork?
• Are there objects within the artistic
frame that symbolize something? What
are these?
• What is the meaning of the artwork?
The art captured how earth moves during earthquake. As
the people of Bohol and neighboring towns experienced
and saw the destruction, the artist saw the movement
beneath the earth. He used lines and contrasting colors to
show movement. The shape and length of the watercolor
paper help the viewer have a horizontal view and see how
the elements relate to each other. The artwork reminds
us of something that we have neglected over the decades
of development: that earth is a living thing that may
cause us destruction on the surface and space occupied
by man.

Jefrrey Sisican
Table 1: Description
Element Description
Subject Matter (Answer the key questions in paragraph form)
Material (Answer the key questions in paragraph form)
Art Elements and (Answer the key questions in paragraph form)

Table 2: Analysis
(Answer the key questions. Combine into paragraph form)

Table 3: Interpretation
(Answer the key questions. Combine into paragraph form)

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