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BY-

JAYPRAKASH NAGE
HOMENDRA SAHU
6TH SEM ,MINING ENGG. NITRR
 It is the term related to blasting.
 Misfire means the complete or partial failure of
a blasting charge to explode as planned.
 When a detonators fails to explode, or after
exploding fails to blast the charge of the main
explosive cartridge, it is known as “misfire”.
why ?
 Misfire leads to various accidents.
 The explosive or pyrotechnical products that
remain in the ground or in the muckpile might
be triggered by any mechanical effect during
the digging, milling or crushing stages of the
mining process, causing injuries or fatalities to
blasters or operators.
 The greatest number of misfire accidents are
caused by drilling into bootlegs in
underground metal and nonmetal mines.
 Improper disposing of misfires is the second
most frequent accident category, and some
accidents are due to impact initiation of
explosives in the muck.
Why and how
 Defective firing exploder.
 Defective detonator or bad quality explosive
either due to bad manufacture or due to
deterioration during storage.
 Short circuit of the cable or detonator leads due
to poor or broken insulation.
 Where fuse blasting is done, it may be due to

(i) wet fuse (ii)improper timing of fuse, so that


blasting by one fuse may cut the fuse of
another hole(iii) the fuse being drawn out
during stemming.
 Improper connection of blast holes
 Misunderstanding b/w supervisor and
employee

 improper use of delay detonator

 some failure of the initiation system

 cutoffs, insufficient firing current


 inadequate priming, improper explosive
storage, and damage to the initiation system.
 Outside the charged hole
 Inside the charged hole
process
 After blasting Post blast inspection is done.
 If shots are fired with safety fuse no person
shall enter the blasting site for 30 minutes after
firing.
 If electric detonators are used, this time may
be reduced to 5 minutes after cable is
disconnected from the exploder.
 Another attempt be made to blast it by making
proper connection.
 If problem is acute then extra cure needs to be
taken.
1. Drilling relieving holes and firing.
 If the misfired shot does not explode, the
shot should be dislodged by drilling another
relieving hole at least 0.3 m away from the
misfired hole and by blasting .
 Drilling shall be such that the drill bit does not
touches the misfired charge.
 After the relieving shot has blasted the rock
The misfired explosive and detonator, when
traced should be destroyed on the surface.
2. Removing stemming and re-priming

 There may be circumstances in which it is possible to


remove stemming in order to gain access and to
reprime the charge.
 This is a potentially hazardous operation, which
requires great care.
 the stemming may be sludged out with compressed air
and water under pressure ,the hole being re-primmed
and fired.
 Under no circumstances must explosives or detonators
be removed from a borehole by pulling on the
detonator leads.
 Misfire is a dangerous event.
 If misfire is traced in post blast inspection. It
must be handled and cured.
 If proper handling is not done it may cause
serious accident throughout the mining
operation mucking , hauling , crushing.
 With proper attention and careful work misfire
can be avoided.
Thank you!

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