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PANIPAT THERMAL POWER STATION

PANIPAT

• Basic requirements.
• Electricity production cycle.
• Water circulation.
• Transmission.
• Switch yard (Distribution).
Thermal power station

Thermal power stations produce electricity by burning fuel in a


boiler to heat water to produce steam. The steam, at tremendous
pressure, flows into a turbine, which spins a generator to produce
electricity. The steam is cooled, condensed back into water, and
returned to the boiler to start the process over.
Coal to Electricity ….. Basics
Pollutants

Super Heated Turbine Alternating current


Coal Steam Torque in Stator

Heat Loss Mech. Energy Elet. Energy


Heat In
ASH Loss Loss
Loss Condenser

Chemical Thermal Kinetic Electrical


Energy Energy Energy Energy
Why Coal?
RES Nuclear
5% 3%

Advantages of Coal Fuel Shortcomings of Coal


Hydel •Abundantly available in •Low Calorific Value
26%
India
•Large quantity to be
Coal
55% •Low cost Handled
Diesel
1%
•Technology for Power •Produces pollutants, ash
Gas Generation well developed.
10% •Disposal of ash is
Share of Coal in Power •Easy to handle, transport, Problematic
Generation store and use
•Reserves depleting fast

•India’s Coal Reserves are estimated to be 206 billion tones. Present consumption is
about 450 million tones.
•Cost of coal for producing 1 unit of electricity is Rs 0.75.
•Cost of Gas for producing 1 unit of electricity is Rs 1.20.
Coal Handling Plant

Wagon Tippler
Bottom Discharge Wagon

Stacker re-claimer

Coal Crusher
Need of Draft System

Combustion Air Boiler Flue Gases

• Air needed for combustion


• Flue Gas needs to be evacuated
• Losses due to flow need to be overcome
Electrostatic Precipitator
ID Fan at Location
FURNACE

CHIMNEY

SECONDRY AIR HEATER MILLS

PRIMERY AIR HEATER


FD FAN A FD FAN B

ID FAN A Atmospheric air


PA FAN A PA FAN B
ESP

ID FAN B Atmospheric air


Boiler Drum
• It is an enclosed Pressure
Vessel
• Heat generated by
Combustion of Fuel is
transferred to water to
become steam
• Process: Evaporation

Steam volume increases to 1,600


times from water and produces
tremendous force

7 September 2019 PMI Revision 00 10


DEAERATOR
Economiser
Boiler Economiser are feed-water heaters in which the heat from
waste gases is recovered to raise the temperature of feed-water
supplied to the boiler.

7 September 2019 PMI Revision 00 12


Cooling tower

• Height 143.5

• Used to cool the


water
Steam Turbine
• Steam Turbine Stages:
– Impulse
– Reaction
• Steam Turbine Components
– Control and Stop Valve
– HP/IP Turbine
– LP Turbine
– Rotor
– Bearings
– Turning Gear
– Condenser
Steam Turbine

• A steam turbine is a mechanical device that extracts


thermal energy from pressurized steam, and
converts it into useful mechanical work.
Generation transformer
Electrical Systems in Power Plant
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YOU