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EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY 1

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EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY 1

What is Educational Technology?


• A complex, integrated process involving people,
procedures, ideas, devices and organization for
analyzing problems and devising,
implementing, evaluating and managing
solutions to those problems, involved in all
aspects of human learning. (AECT, 1977)

• It consists of the designs and environments that


engage learners…and reliable technique or
method for engaging learning such as cognitive
learning strategies and critical thinking skills.
(D.H. Jonassen, 1999)
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EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY 1

What is Educational Technology?

• It is a field of study which is concerned with the


practice of using educational methods and
resources for the ultimate goal to facilitate the
learning process. (Lucido, 1997)

• It is a profession like teaching. It is made up of


organized effort to implement the theory,
intellectual technique and practical application
of educational technology. (D.H. Jonassen,
1999)

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EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY 1

What is Educational Technology?

• It is the application of scientific findings in our


method, process or procedure of working in the
field of education in order to effect learning.

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EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY 1

What is Technology in Education?

• It is the application of technology to any of


those processes involved in operating the
institutions which house the educational
enterprise. (D.H. Jonassen, 1999)

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EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY 1

What is Technology Integration?

• It is the process of determining where and how


technology fits into teaching and learning.
(Roblyer ,1997)

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EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY 1

What is Instructional Technology?

• It refers to those aspects of educational


technology that are primarily concerned with
instruction or the teaching – learning process
rather than design and operation of educational
institutions

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EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY 1

What are Educational Media?

• They are channels or avenues or instruments


of communication other than the teacher.

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EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY 1

What are Audiovisual Aids?

• These are materials for instruction that employ


the use of the sense of sight, hearing or a
combination of these modalities.

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EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY 1

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EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY 1

History of Educational Technology


ANCIENT TIMES
• Stone Age people knew how to make a picture
to represent an object.
• Early system of writing (e.g. hieroglyphics)
• Greek and Roman Education
• First use of alphabets by Hebrews and
Phoenicians

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EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY 1

History of Educational Technology


MEDIEVAL PERIOD
• Had the most complete and balanced curriculum
• Most organized curriculum was introduced
• Establishment of university
• Monks made books (manuscript books) by
writing on parchment with pens made from quills

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EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY 1

History of Educational Technology


MODERN TIMES
• In 1423, Johann Gutenberg invented the printing
press.
• Johann Amos Comenius wrote Janus
Linguarium Reserata (The Gate of Language
Unlocked), a Latin language textbook about
basic vocabulary of 8000 words and Latin
grammar. He published the Orbis Sensualium
Pictus (The Visible World Pictured), the first
illustrated textbook.

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EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY 1

History of Educational Technology

An illustration for Johann Amos Comenius’s Orbis Pictus, one of the


earliest illustrated school texts.The picture illustrates the word,which
then appears in Latin and German. (© Hulton Archive)
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EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY 1

History of Educational Technology


MODERN TIMES
• Well – known educators like:
– Johann Freidrich Herbart
• Preparation
• Presentation
• Comparison and Abstraction
• Generalization
• Application
– Johann Heinrich Peztallozi
• Concrete to abstact

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EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY 1

History of Educational Technology


MODERN TIMES
• Well – known educators like:
– Freidrich Froebel
• Father of Kindergarten
• Use of actual gifts
– Maria Montessori
• Montessori method of learning
– John Dewey
• Advanced the idea of pragmatism

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EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY 1

History of Educational Technology


MODERN TIMES
The development of Photography started in 1820 and was
attributed to Nicephore Niepce and later on pursued bu
his associate Louis Daguerre.

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EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY 1

History of Educational Technology


MODERN TIMES
• Visual education began in the late 19th century
• St. Louis Educational Museum in 1905
(renamed as the Division of Audiovisual
Education for St. Louis Schools in 1943)
• Films came into the classrooms in the early 20th
century
• The Ohio State University and Cincinnati radio
station launched the Ohio School of Air in 1929

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EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY 1

History of Educational Technology


MODERN TIMES
• Iowa State University launched the first
instructional television program in 1932
• ABC, the first all-electronic digital computer, was
invented by John Atanasoff and Clifford Berry in
1939
• In 1940s, the first practical tape recorders were
developed
• Edgar Dale developed the Cone of Experience
in 1946

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EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY 1

History of Educational Technology


MODERN TIMES
• Durind WW II years, US government produced
more than 800 training films and filmstrips
• Invention of videotape in 1950s
• Benjamin Bloom published the Taxonomy of
Educational Objectives in 1956
• Computer-aided Instruction project started in
early 1960s in Stanford University
• Jerome Bruner devised a descriptive scheme
for labeling instructional activities
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EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY 1

History of Educational Technology


MODERN TIMES
• In the 1980s, the video cassette recorder
enabled people to record and playback
television shows.
• CDs become popular
• By the end of the 1990s, Internet had connected
many millions of computers around the world.

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EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY 1

History of Educational Technology


MODERN TIMES
• September 2, 1969 marks the birth of the
internet
• Tim Berners-Lee invented the World Wide Web
in March 1989 .
• The first email was sent in 1971 and Mosaic
became the first web browser.

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EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY 1

History of Educational Technology


BIRTH OF SOCIAL MEDIA
• Wikipedia (2001)
• Friendster (2002)
• Hi5 (2003)
• MySpace (2003)
• Facebook/ For Harvard Student (2004)
• Orkut (2004)
• Flickr (2004)
• Youtube (2005)

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EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY 1

History of Educational Technology


BIRTH OF SOCIAL MEDIA
• Reddit (2005)
• Facebook (2006)
• Twitter (2006)
• Tumblr (2007)
• WhatsApp (2009)
• Snapchat (2012)
• Tinder (2012)
• Vine (2013)
• Pheed (2014)

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EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY 1

History of Educational Technology


MODERN TIMES (Philippines)
• Educational television in the Philippines began
with Channel 9’s Education on TV produced by
Fr. James Reuter, SJ
• ETV program of the Bureau of Elementary
Education of DECS was produced and
presented jointly with the Bureau of Broadcast of
the former Ministry of Public Information
• University of Mindanao offered the University of
the Air program in the early seventies

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EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY 1

History of Educational Technology


MODERN TIMES (Philippines)
• Establishment of the Center for Educational
Innovation and Technology (INNOTECH) to
serve as research arm of the Southeast Asian
Ministers of Educational Organization
(SEAMEO)
• ABS-CBN came out with a sister station,
Knowledge Channel, which aired curriculum
ETV programs

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