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Mapping

(PETA)

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• Peta adalah suatu gambaran sebagian atau seluruh wilayah
permukaan bumi dengan berbagai fenomena kenampakannya
pada suatu bidang datar yang diperkecil menggunakan skala
tertentu.

• Peta menurut International Cartografhic Association adalah:


Gambaran unsur unsur permukaan bumi atau yang ada
kaitannya dengan permukaan bumi maupun benda benda
angkasa.

• Peta: Gambaran kenampakan muka bumi pada bidang datar


dengan menggunakan skala.
• (dan banyak lagi pengertian tentang peta,)
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://rudees.blogspot.com/2008/01/peta-atlas-dan-globe_22.html
What is a map?
• It is a representation of something
(Earth, stars, solar system, a
building, etc…

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PETA adalah : Gambaran Permukaan Bumi

Yang diproyeksikan ke bidang


datar dengan skala tertentu

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Apa yang dimaksud dengan permukaan bumi ?

hutan permukiman

jalan

relief

sungai

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JENIS-JENIS PETA :
• Peta Dasar
• Peta Tematik

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Peta Dasar
Peta yang dijadikan dasar untuk pembuatan
peta-peta lainnya (peta rupabumi maupun peta
tematik). Peta dasar untuk pembuatan peta
rupabumi disebut “Peta Induk”. Sedangkan peta
dasar untuk pembuatan peta tematik disebut
“Peta Kerangka”.

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Contoh Peta Dasar

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Contoh Peta Dasar

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Peta Batimetri ( Peta dasar kelautan)

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Peta Tematik
Peta yang mempunyai tema tertentu. Contoh:
peta penggunaan lahan, peta tanah, peta
geomorfologi, peta kepadatan penduduk, peta
kesesuaian lahan, peta tata ruang, dll.

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Contoh Peta Tematik

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SKALA PETA

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Skala Peta adalah perbandingan antara jarak
di lapangan dengan jarak di peta.

Sebagai contoh : Jarak sebenarnya antara Jakarta –


Bogor adalah 50 km. Pada peta skala 1 : 100.000,
maka jarak antara kedua kota tersebut adalah :

1 cm di peta = 100.000 cm / 1 km di lapangan,


Maka 50 km di lapangan = 50 cm di peta

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Obyek bisa dikenali

Obyek sulit dikenali

Skala 1 : 25.000 Skala 1 : 50.000

Detail obyek pada skala 1 : 25.000 tidak bisa dikenali 20


Pada skala 1 : 50.000 -- maka perlu penyederhanaan
Skala 1 : 25.000 Skala 1 : 10.000

Pembuatan peta skala 1 : 10.000 dari data skala 1 : 25.000 21


tidak merubah tingkat detail informasi skala 1 : 10.000, artinya
Informasi yang disampaikan tetap informasi skala 1 : 25.000
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Menghitung Skala Peta

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Uses of Maps
• To determine where you are going.
• To act as a model of Earth’s surface.
• Used to locate various places
• To show the distribution of various features or types of
materials.

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Lewat manakah saya ke Toko

Gramedia
Gramedia ?
BNI Dari rumah lurus ke utara mengikuti
jalan ini melewati perempatan, terus
RS
melewati jembatan sungai, sampai di
perempatan berikutnya belok ke
Rumah kanan. Sekitar 200 meter di sebelah
timur Bank BNI atau persis di depan
RS

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Lebih Mudah Manakah ?


Lokasi manakah yang masih bisa dikembangkan untuk lokasi
permukiman ?
Berapa luas hutan yang masih ada ? 27
KEGUNAAN / MANFAAT PETA (lainnya)
Mengetahui perubahan-perubahan yamg terjadi
Meningkatan kesadaran akan lingkungan hidup
Mengetahui potensi sumberdaya alam
Perencanaan wilayah
Prediksi terjadinya bencana
Pertolongan kecelakaan
Mempermudah atau petunjuk arah perjalanan. Dapat
memperkirakan arah dan jarak tempuh
Peringatan dini daerah rawan bencana alam
Topography
• The lay of the land.
• Shows relief using contour lines.
• Relief- highs and lows of Earth’s surface.
• Relief can be calculated
• Take the difference between the highest point and the lowest.
• Ex: Mountain peak 20 m. lake 10m
• 20m- 10m= 10m
• The relief of this area is 10m

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Reading a topographic map- Contour Lines
• Lines on topographic maps.
• Connect points of equal elevation.
• Everything connected to that line has the same elevation.
• Elevation- the distance something is above sea level. Sea level= 0m
or 0ft.

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Reading a topographic map- Contour
Intervals
• Contour interval- gives the difference in elevation between 2
contour lines.
• Another indicator of height.
• Shown on maps as C.I.= 10ft.
• Used to count contour lines.

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How it will look on a map
C.I.= 1000ft
Reading a topographic map- Index Contours
• A index contour is a contour line that is
accentuated in thickness and is labeled with the
appropriate measure of elevation.
• Index contours occur every fifth contour line.
• Help the map user read elevations on a map.

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Red arrows indicate location


of index contours.
Reading a topographic map- Streams
• The direction a streams is flowing is
shown on a topographic map by
the way a contour line crosses the
stream.
• Streams are shown as a blue line
on maps.
• When contour lines cross a stream
it looks like an upside down V.
• The point in the V points
upstream. It opens in the
direction the water is flowing.

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Reading a topographic map- Depression
Contours
• Depression contours show areas of
lower elevation.
• Drawn like contour lines with marks
on the inside.
• Hachure marks- tick marks on inside
of closed circle.

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Reading a topographic map- Hills
• Hills are represented on a topographic map by a
series of concentric contour lines in a rough circle

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Reading a topographic map- Slope
• Closely spaced contour lines represent steep slopes.
• Widely spaced contour lines represent gentle slopes.

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Reading a topographic map- Profiles
• A topographic profile is a cross-sectional view along a
line drawn through a portion of a topographic map.
• It is like taking a slice out of a portion of the Earth and looking at it from
the side.

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Reading a topographic map- Colors
• The colors on a topographic map are symbolic of
different map features.
• Blue = water
• Green = forest
• Brown = contour lines
• Black = cultural features (buildings, place names,
boundary lines, roads, etc.)
• Red = principal roads
• Pink = urban areas
• Purple = revisions to an older map, compiled from aerial
photos. If an area has become urbanized, this may be
shown as purple shading on the new, revised map.
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Reading a topographic map- Map Scale
• Map scale indicates your distance along the
ground, or the amount of ground covered by the
map.
• USGS- United States Geologic Survey
• Ratio- 1:24000
• one unit on the map is equal to 24,000 units of the
same size on the ground.
• Ex:1 inch on the map = 24000 inches on Earth.
• Or after converting 1 inch = 2000ft.
• Bar scale-indicated by a line or bar with distances
marked in miles, feet, or kilometers.

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Reading a topographic map- Map Scale

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