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20-Sep-19 DEPT.

OF EEE 1
ELECTRICAL POWER
SYSTEM AVAILABILITY IN
BUILDINGS EXPOSED TO
SEISMIC HAZARDS

AKHILA RAMACHANDRAN S
S7 EEE
ROLL NO.2

29-OCT-2012 DEPT. OF EEE 2


Electrical
1. INTRODUCTION
power
2. PART I – ELECTRICAL CRITERIA
system
A. OBJECTIVES
availability
B. CLASSES OF OPERATION
in
C.DESIGN AND INSTALLATION
buildings
3. PART II – MECHANICAL CRITERIA exposed to
A. OBJECTIVES seismic
B. DESIGN AND INSTALLATION hazards

20-Sep-19 DEPT. OF EEE 3


Electrical
power
● Building category system
availability
● Design of electrical equipments in
buildings
● Economic & safety aspects exposed to
seismic
hazards

20-Sep-19 DEPT. OF EEE 4


PART - I

ELECTRICAL CRITERIA

5
29-oct-2012 DEPT. OF EEE
Electrical
power
system
 Avoid injuries to person availability
in
 Reestablish electric operation soon after earthquake buildings
exposed to

 Ensure continuity of operation seismic


hazards

20-Sep-19 DEPT. OF EEE 6


Electrical
power
system
 CLASS 1 availability
in
buildings
 CLASS 2
exposed to
seismic
 CLASS 3 hazards

28-OCT-2012 DEPT. OF EEE 7


Electrical
 Building category : High occupancy power
system
●Component should be prevented from falling over
availability
in
● Avoid injuries to person
buildings
● Preventing movement of equipments from their exposed to
seismic
` position hazards

20-Sep-19 DEPT. OF EEE 8


Electrical
● Building category: Relevant importance
power
● Mechanical operation of electrical system components system
availability
● Reestablish electrical operation soon after earthquake
in
● Ensure system integrity and internal mechanical integrity
buildings
of components exposed to
seismic
● Use seismic accelerometers
hazards

Fig 1

20-Sep-19 DEPT. OF EEE 9


Electrical
power
system
 Building category: Strategic Importance availability
in

 Maintain electric operation during and after earthquake buildings


exposed to
seismic
 Use components resistant to earthquakes
hazards

20-Sep-19 DEPT. OF EEE 10


Electrical
ELECTRICAL DESIGN CRITERIA power
system
availability
● Passive protection in
buildings
● Install components to tolerate seismic forces exposed to
seismic
● Brush distribution system hazards

20-Sep-19 DEPT. OF EEE 11


Electrical
A. PROTECTION OF BRANCH CIRCUITS power
system
availability

● Withstand fault currents at utility and standby in


buildings
supplies exposed to
seismic
● Standby supply- fault current is less in magnitude&
hazards
fast decaying nature

● Choose appropriate protection devices

20-Sep-19 DEPT. OF EEE 12


Electrical
B.MICROSYSTEM APPROACH power
system

● Separate distribution system for each availability


in
category of load
buildings
● Protective devices of low rating is needed
exposed to
● Reduction in component size , energy seismic
consumption& life cycle cost hazards
● Effective natural protection at low fault
levels

20-Sep-19 DEPT. OF EEE 13


Electrical
power
C.ARC FAULT PROTECTION
system
availability
in
buildings
exposed to
Fig. 2. GFFC-type double-core cable with a concentric seismic
conductor shield (grounding) on each core
hazards

20-Sep-19 DEPT. OF EEE 14


D. BRUSH DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM
Electrical
power
system
availability
in
buildings
exposed to
seismic
hazards
Fig 3 (a) Normal “tree” structure of a generic power system and (b) “laid down”
structure of a brush distribution system with vertical branches toward the upper
level spread on the basis of main structure with horizontal expansion at the lower
level

20-Sep-19 DEPT. OF EEE 15


Electrical
power
system
availability
in
buildings
exposed to
seismic
hazards

Special power “brush distribution system” layout for a hospital. The areas of the
Fig 4 medical services dislocation planning has to be coordinated as much as possible
with the criteria of the “brush distribution system.”

20-Sep-19 DEPT.OF EEE 16


Electrical
power
MECHANICAL CRITERIA system
availability
in
buildings
DESIGN AND INSTALLATION
exposed to
seismic
hazards

20-Sep-19 DEPT. OF EEE 17


Electrical
power
system
 Minimize the weight of the components availability
in
 Minimize the earthquake forces buildings
exposed to
 Size and install the components to tolerate seismic seismic
hazards
forces

20-Sep-19 DEPT. OF EEE 18


Electrical
power
A. MINIMIZE THE COMPONENT WEIGHT system
availability
Factors affecting choice of equipment : in
buildings
● Reliability & availability exposed to
seismic
●Installation and maintenance cost
hazards

●Over load capacity &over current protection

●Capacity to quickly restore power after an outage

20-Sep-19 DEPT. OF EEE 19


CONTD………
B. MINIMIZE EARTHQUAKE FORCES Electrical
power

● Location of minimum earthquake Force system


availability
● z/h ratio<0.44 to minimize seismic exposure in
buildings
● Light weight feeders with ordinary anchoring exposed to
seismic
● No need of coupling tools as seismic joints crosses hazards

main circuits

20-Sep-19 DEPT. OF EEE 20


CONTD…
CONTD………
C. INSTALL COMPONENTS TO TOLERATE Electrical
SEISMIC FORCE power
system
•Distributed system equipments: snubbers, bolts, availability
brackets in
•Wiring : flexible jumpers& connections
buildings
•Ups, Inverter, Lightings : shock spacers, fall arrestors
exposed to
,safety fastens
seismic
hazards
Fig 5 Seismic restraints and snubbers

20-Sep-19 DEPT. OF EEE 21


Electrical
power
● Ensure safety
system
● Resist seismic forces on components availability
in
● Guarantee duty during and after earthquake
buildings

● Design should be economical& ensure functional exposed to


seismic
reliability
hazards

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