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ACCESSIBILITY

RETAINABILITY

3G -
SC/MC

MOBILITY

Integrity
1. • Introduction

2. • KPI Formulae

3. • Troubleshooting Flowcharts

4. • Possible Failure Reasons & Counters

5. • L1, L2 & L3- TROUBLE SHOOOTING PROCESS

6. • CASE STUDIES
Introduction

 Service Integrity represents the quality experienced by the


user during A call or session.

 HSDPA & EUL throughput ARE used as MAIN Indicators FOR


SERVICE INTEGRITY.

 THROUGHPUT PERFORMANCE OF A NETWORK DEPENDS ON THE SPEEDS


IN EITHER DOWNLINK AND/OR UPLINK, EXPERIENCED BY THE END USER

 LOW THROUGHPUT IS ONE OF THE MOST COMMON ISSUES OBSERVED IN


THE NETWORK

Ericsson Internal | 2015-05-19 | Page 4


Kpi formula CALCULATION

HSDPA CELL THROUGHPUT (KBPS):


=sum(pmSumTransmittedBitsSpi00+pmSumTransmittedBitsSpi01+pmSumTransmittedBitsSpi02+
pmSumTransmittedBitsSpi03+pmSumTransmittedBitsSpi04+pmSumTransmittedBitsSpi05+
pmSumTransmittedBitsSpi06+pmSumTransmittedBitsSpi07+pmSumTransmittedBitsSpi08+
pmSumTransmittedBitsSpi09+pmSumTransmittedBitsSpi10+pmSumTransmittedBitsSpi11+
pmSumTransmittedBitsSpi12+pmSumTransmittedBitsSpi13+pmSumTransmittedBitsSpi14+pmSumTransmitte
dBitsSpi15)/sum((pmNoActiveSubFrames + pmNoInactiveRequiredSubFrames)*0.002)

HSDPA USER THROUGHPUT (KBPS) :


=1000*(pmSumAckedBitsSpi00+pmSumAckedBitsSpi01+pmSumAckedBitsSpi02+pmSumAckedBitsSpi03+
pmSumAckedBitsSpi04+pmSumAckedBitsSpi05+pmSumAckedBitsSpi06+pmSumAckedBitsSpi07+
pmSumAckedBitsSpi08+pmSumAckedBitsSpi09+pmSumAckedBitsSpi10+pmSumAckedBitsSpi11+
pmSumAckedBitsSpi12+pmSumAckedBitsSpi13+pmSumAckedBitsSpi14+pmSumAckedBitsSpi15))/2*(pmSu
mNonEmptyUserBuffers)

EUL CELL THROUGHPUT (KBPS) :


=sum(pmSumAckedBitsCellEulTti10+pmSumAckedBitsCellEulTti2+pmSumNackedBitsCellEulTti10+pmSumN
ackedBitsCellEulTti2)/sum((pmNoActive10msFramesEul *0.01) + (0.002*pmNoActive2msFramesEul))

Ericsson Internal | 2015-05-19 | Page 5


troubleshooting flow chart

Low Throughput

Incorrect Higher Order


Lack of Poor Radio Alarms &
Congestion Parameter Modulation
Outages
Resources Conditions License
Settings

High Iub Poor


Over Pilot Transmission
Power Code CE Limiting Coverage/
shooting Pollution
Low CQI
Errors
Ratio Quality

Ericsson Internal | 2015-05-19 | Page 6


Layer1 troubleshooting process – parameter Sanity check
MO Parameter MO Parameter
VSWR dlcodeadm

maxDl Power hsdpauseradm


eulServingCellUsersAdm
max Hsrate
eulServingCellUsersAdm Tti2
NumHspdschcodes
Maxrate
HSDPA users
MaxTransm issionPow er
Eulusers
prim aryCpichPow er
16 QAM Pow er offset
64 QAM Utrancell Pw radm
HSDPA Dyanmic Code Allocation sf16adm

HSDPA flexischedular sf16adm Ul

HSDPA linkAdaptation sf16gAdm


sf32Adm
Eul2msTti
sf4Adm Ul
Site Configurations 20/40 W
sf8Adm
numhscoderesources
sf8Adm Ul
HW Codes sf8gAdm Ul
CE ladder feature codeThresholdPdu656
CQI hsMeasurem entPow erOffset
Hsdsch
NodeB Current Alarms num HsPdschCodes

NodeB alarm logs num HsScchCodes


dlhw adm
Hspower margin Iublink
ulHw Adm
queueSelectAlgorithm
eulMaxTargetRtw p(
eulmaxshorate
num EagchCodes
eulMaxOwnUuLoad Eul num EhichErgchCodes
eulMaxRotCoverage initialAckNackRepetitionFactor
RBS SW Version secondarySchPow er

 Layer 1 process ensures that there is no parameter discrepancy


Ericsson Internal | 2015-05-19 | Page 7
Layer 2 troubleshooting process – parameter
RECOMMENDATIONS
FOLLOWING SET OF PARAMETER RECOMMENDATIONS can be CONSIDERED
FOR IMPLEMENTATION IN PHASES TO IMPROVE THE THROUGHPUT
PERFORMANCE
Sr. No. MO Parameter Node Type Current Value Proposed Value Remarks Phase

1 Rcs hsDschRcLostT RNC 50 90


2 Utrancell usedFreqThresh2dEcno Utrancell -13 -15
3 Utrancell usedFreqThresh2dRscp Utrancell -105 -108
15 --> PS Interactive 64/HS -
HS-DSCH
16 --> PS Interactive 384/HS -
serviceOffset2dRscp (HS HS-DSCH
4 UeRc RNC 0 -7
only) 25 --> PS Interactive EUL/HS
52 --> Interact. PS (128/HS)
53 --> PS Interactive 16/HS
15 --> PS Interactive 64/HS -
HS-DSCH
16 --> PS Interactive 384/HS -
serviceOffset2dEcno (HS HS-DSCH
5 UeRc RNC 0 -3
only) 25 --> PS Interactive EUL/HS
52 --> Interact. PS (128/HS)
2
53 --> PS Interactive 16/HS
6 UeMeasControl Timetotriger2decno RNC 640 1280
7 UeMeasControl utranrelthresh3aEcNo RNC -2 0
8 UeMeasControl Utranrelthresh3arscp RNC -2 0
9 Power Control PO3 RNC 12 0
10 Power Control fdpchErrorRateTarget RNC 1 10
hsdschinactivitytimer HS-- With W13, it might be
11 ChannelSwitching 5 Sec 2 Sec
>FACH at both Cell/RNC Level
downswitchtimer DCH-- With W13, it might be
12 ChannelSwitching 10 (1 sec) 100 (10 Sec)
>FACH at both Cell/RNC Level
t305 UE Timer for Cell/URA
13 Rrc RNC 3 (30 min) 4 (60 min)
update
inactivityTimerPch With W13, it might be
14 ChannelSwitching 30 min 10 min
Ericsson Internal | 2015-05-19 | Page 8 URA_PCH-->IDLE at both Cell/RNC Level
Layer 3 troubleshooting process – NEW FEATURES [L3]

FOLLOWING SET OF FEATURES can be CONSIDERED FOR IMPROVING THE


THROUGHPUT PERFORMANCE

License FEATURE NAME FROM TO Introduced since

FAJ 121 1331 Support for 64 QAM OFF ON P7

FAJ 121967 HSDPA Dynamic Code Allocation OFF ON P5

FAJ 121 1441 Multi Carrier OFF ON W10A Feature

FAJ 121 977 Flexible Initial Rate Selection OFF ON P6

FAJ 121 467 HSDPA Inter-frequency load sharing OFF ON W10B Feature

FAJ 121 468 Non-HSPA Inter-frequency load sharing OFF ON W10B Feature

FAJ 121 3907 Data acceleration OFF ON W14B Feature

FAJ 121 3698 HSDPA Dynamic Power Sharing OFF ON W14B Feature

Ericsson Internal | 2015-05-19 | Page 9


Case studies

Ericsson Internal | 2015-05-19 | Page 10


Case study 1- eulServingCellUsersAdmTti2
eulServingCellUsersAdmTti2 -
Admission threshold for the number of 2 ms TTI E-DCH users having this cell as serving cell. Applicable
at serving cell change, at RAB establishment and at reconfiguration to EUL.

MO Class Parameter Default Current Value Proposed Value

UtranCell eulServingCellUsersAdmTti2 4 4 8

EUL User throughput increased by 23%


Ericsson Internal | 2015-05-19 | Page 11
Case study 1- eulServingCellUsersAdmTti2
EUL Accessibility

EUL RAB Setup Success


Rate degraded

HS RAB Success Rate

HS RAB Setup Success


Rate degraded

Accessibility KPI had degraded due to LACK of UL Hardware. Expansion of


ULEricsson
hardware (e.g.
Internal | 2015-05-19 CE) is mandatory
| Page 12
Case study 2 – maxhsrate
Increase maxhsrate value from 300 or 450 to 1000

Check Points :

 Check TpaDevice::maxTotalOutputPower = <License_Capacity>

 Check Utrancell:: maximumTransmissionPower = RbsLocalCell::


maxDlPowerCapability

 Make sure there is no TX Related Alarms, e.g. NTP Reachability


Fault, Sync Lost, DNS Error, etc.

Ericsson Internal | 2015-05-19 | Page 13


Case study 2 – maxhsrate

Pre-post of average user throughput


Average User Throughput

Date
Ericsson Internal | 2015-05-19 | Page 14
Case study 2 – maxhsrate contd..

Pre-post of EUL average user throughput


Average User Throughput

Date
Ericsson Internal | 2015-05-19 | Page 15
Case study 2 – maxhsrate contd..

Conclusion:

average HSDPA User Throughput Improved from


1.5Mbps to 4.5 Mbps.

Average EUL User Throughput Improved from less


than 50 Kbps to 250 Kbps.

Ericsson Internal | 2015-05-19 | Page 16


Case study 3 – hsPowerMargin
hsPowerMargin- Power margin that HSDPA scheduler is using when allocating remaining
power of cell carrier. It is relative to the maximum available power of the cell.

MO Class Parameter Default Current Value Proposed Value

RBSLocalCELl hsPowerMargin 2 1 0

P HS = P max - P non-HS - hsPowerMargin [dB]


Throughput

Slight improvement observed in throughput performance

Since w14b onwards default value of this parameter is kept as ”0”.


Ericsson Internal | 2015-05-19 | Page 17
Case study 4 – HIGH IUB LIMITING RATIO
High value of pmCapAllocIubHsLimitingRatioSpiXX indicates limiting
of HSDPA Throughput due to possible IuB Congestion

 HIGH IUB LIMITING RATIO IN THE SITE SIGNIFICANTLY AFFECTS THE THROUGPUT OF THE SITE
 CAPACITY BOTTLENECKS AND/OR TRANSMISSION ERRORS ARE THE MAIN CAUSES OF HIGH IUB
LIMITING RATIO
 BANDWIDTH UPGRADE & RESOLUTION OF TRANSMISSION ERRORS IN THE EXAMPLES SHOWN
ABOVE DECREASED THE IUB LIMITING RATIO, DUE TO WHICH SIGNIFICANT INCREASE IN
THROUGHPUT WAS OBSERVED

Ericsson Internal | 2015-05-19 | Page 18


Case study 4 – HIGH IUB LIMITING RATIO

Post resolution of IubHslimitingRatio due to transmission errors on 4th.Dec.


Average cell and user throughput improved by approx. 200 kbps
Ericsson Internal | 2015-05-19 | Page 19
Q&A
Ericsson Internal | 2015-05-19 | Page 20