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KONSEP DASAR NMR

PROGRAM STUDI KIMIA-SEKOLAH PASCASARJANA


UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
MAKASSAR
2019
PENDAHULUAN
1. Sifat Kemagnetan Inti Atom

Spin Inti

Hanya inti atom dengan jumlah proton dan atau neutron ganjil
1. Sifat Kemagnetan Inti Atom
SPIN NMR-ACTIVE

SPIN NMR-INACTIVE
1. Sifat Kemagnetan Inti Atom

Bilangan Kuantum Spin (I) Beberapa Atom

I = 1/2 I=1 I = 3/2 I = 1/2


1. Sifat Kemagnetan Inti Atom

Tingkatan Energi Spin -3/2

-1

-1/2 -1/2

0 0

+1/2 +1/2

+1

+3/2
I=0 I = 1/2 I=1 I = 3/2
Diagram Tingkat Energi Spin
2. Fungsi Medan Magnet Luar (B0)
2. Fungsi Medan Magnet Luar (B0)
a. Terhadap ΔE

ΔE=Ɣ Bo
β-state
Keterangan:

Ɣ : Rasio Giromagnetik
α-state Bo : Medan Magnet Luar
2. Fungsi Medan Magnet Luar (B0)
b. Terhadap Populasi Inti
Persamaan Boltzman :

Ket
k : Konstanta Boltzman (1.38 x 10-23 J K-1)
T : Temperatur (K)
2. Fungsi Medan Magnet Luar (B0)
c. Terhadap Perilaku Inti
z

x
y

Putaran Presesi Frekuensi Putaran Presesi = Frekuensi Larmor (VL)


2. Fungsi Medan Magnet Luar (B0)
d. Terhadap Keberadaan Elektron disekitar Inti

Deshielded Shielded
3. Pengukuran dengan Metode CW

CW NMR (Continues Wave NMR atau NMR Gelombang Kontinyu)


β-state

α-state

Sempel diradiasi oleh RF pada frekuensi tertentu (tetap), sementara


Bo divariasikan sesuai dengan rentang resonansi yg akan terjadi. Sinyal NMR
akan terbentuk bila Bo sesuai dengan ΔE
4. Pengukuran dengan cara Pulsa

z
Mo

Mo x

B1

RF Applied
4. Pengukuran dengan cara Pulsa

x
5. Relaksasi
1. Relaksasi Longitudinal (T1) 2. Relaksasi Transversal (T2)

x
6. Evolusi Geseran Kimia & Kopling
1. Evolusi Geseran Kimia
z

Mo

B1
6. Evolusi Geseran Kimia & Kopling
2. Evolusi Kopling
-x

-y y

M1a
δ
x M1b
5. Relaksasi
1. Relaksasi Longitudinal (T1)

β β β
hv resonansi relaksasi
- Energi
α α α
5. Relaksasi
2. Relaksasi Transversal (T2)
z
Mo

Mo x

B1
4. Pengukuran dengan Cara Pulse
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