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SIMILARITIES AND DIFFERENCES

(Kalimat Eliptik)
TOO,SO EITHER AND NEITHER
Adalah :
kalimat yang dihilangkan sebagian karena bagian yang
dihilangkan tersebut memiliki kesamaan gramatikal
dengan kalimat sebelumnya.
Pahami Contoh Berikut:

I am a student, and my brother is too.

kalimat yang di-eliptik-kan


He can operate a computer, and I can too.

Kalimat yang di-eliptik-kan


My father doesn’t like smoking,
and my brother doesn’t either.

kalimat yang dijadikan eliptik.


Ada kata – kata khusus yang digunakan
untuk membuat kalimat eliptik yaitu:

1. too Hanya digunakan


2. so dalam kalimat positif

3. either Hanya digunakan


4. neither dalam kalimat negatif

Keempat kata tersebut dalam bahasa Indonesia


mempunyai arti yang sama yaitu “juga”.
Namun cara meletakkan kata tersebut
dalam kalimat berbeda.
Perhatikan Perbedaan Letak Kata
“too” dan “so” dalam kalimat berikut
A radio is an electronic media, and a TV is too.

“too” diletakkan di akhir kalimat

A radio is an electronic media, and so is a TV.

“so” diletakkan di tengah kalimat


Perhatikan Pula Perbedaan Letak Kata
“either” dan “neither” dalam kalimat berikut:

My father doesn’t like Indian films, and I


don’t either.

“either” diletakkan di akhir kalimat

My father doesn’t like Indian films, and


neither do I.

“neither” diletakkan di tengah kalimat


Latihan Pemahaman 2
Pilihlah kata yang tepat untuk melengkapi
kalimat eliptik berikut ini.
Example :
1. I like English, and my sister does..........
a. too Kata yang tepat
b. so untuk melengkapi
c. either kalimat ini adalah “too”.
d. neither karena kalimatnya positif
dan terletak diakhir kalimat
Latihan Pemahaman 2
Example :
2. She will not go to the party, and.........
will her sister.
a. too Kata yang tepat
b. so untuk melengkapi
kalimat ini adalah “neither”.
c. either karena kalimatnya negatif
d. neither dan terletak di tengah kalimat
Latihan Pemahaman 2
1. You want to pass the exam, and I do......
a. too
b. so
c. either
d. neither
Latihan Pemahaman 2
2. I can’t remember his name, and she
can’t............
a. too
b. so
c. either
d. neither
Latihan Pemahaman 2
3. English is a difficult subject, and ........is
mathematics.
a. too
b. so
c. either
d. neither
Latihan Pemahaman 2
4. I’ve never been to Bali, and ............have
my family.
a. too
b. so
c. either
d. neither
Latihan Pemahaman 2
5. I was ill yesterday, and ......were they.
a. too
b. so
c. either
d. neither
Cara Meng-eliptik-kan Kalimat
Ingat !
Kalimat Eliptik merupakan gabungan
2 (dua) buah kalimat yang memiliki
Subjek berbeda tetapi bagian yang
lainnya sama. Kalimat yang di-eliptik-
kan adalah kalimat yang kedua.
Bila Predikat dalam kalimat
mengandung “modals”(can, may,
must, shall, will, could, might,
should, would) maka “modals”
yang sama digunakan pada
kalimat yang dieliptikkan.
Example 1:

Sishi can sing “Indonesia Raya”. dieliptikkan


My younger brother .................. menjadi :

She can sing “Indonesia Raya, and he can too.


atau
She can sing “Indonesia Raya, and so can He.
Example 2:
dibuat
kalimat
The teachers shouldn’t smoke. eliptik
menjadi
The students .......................

The teachers shouldn’t smoke, and the students


shouldn’t either
Atau
The teachers shouldn’t smoke and neither
should the students.
Bila Predikat dalam kalimat
mengandung “to be”(am, is, are,
was, dan were) maka “to be”
yang digunakan pada kalimat
yang dieliptikkan harus
disesuaikan dengan Subjek pada
kalimat yang dieliptikkan tersebut.
Example 1
I am an UNPAM student. dibuat
kalimat eliptik
My Boyfriend................ menjadi

I am an UNPAM student and My boyfriend is


is too.
Sama - sama menggunakan “tobe”
tetapi “tobe”-nya berbeda karena Subjeknya berbeda
Example 2
He wasn’t here yesterday. dibuat
We .................................... kalimat eliptik
menjadi

He wasn’t here yesterday, and we weren’t either


Atau
He wasn’t here yesterday, and neither were we.
Latihan Pemahaman 3
Gabungkan pasangan kalimat berikut
menjadi kalimat eliptik. Gunakan
kata pembentuk eliptik yang sesuai
dengan kalimat tersebut.
Ingat! Kalimat Positif gunakan “too
“atau “so”, dan Kalimat Negatif
gunakan “either” atau “neither”
1. I must study hard.
Everybody..............

You say :
I must study hard, and everybody must too.
Atau :
I must study hard, and so must everybody.
2. They mustn’t cheat in the test.
We .................................

You say :
They mustn’t cheat in the test, and we mustn’t
either.
Atau :
They mustn’t cheat in the test, and neither
must we.
4. Ridwan isn’t reading now.
His brothers......................
You say :
Ridwan isn’t reading now,and his brothers
aren’t either.
Atau :
Ridwan isn’t reading now,and neither are
his brothers.
5. The President will come to the ceremony.
The Vice President ...............................
• → _________________________________________________
The president will come to the ceremony, and the vice president will too
• → _________________________________________________
•The president will come to the ceremony, and so will the vice president.

6. You shouldn’t watch TV too long.


Your brother ...........................

•You→________________________________
shouldn’t watch TV too long, and your brother shouldn’t either.

•You→shouldn’t
_______________________________
watch TV too long, and neither should your brother .
• 7. She was on holiday last week.
• Her children ..........................
• →
She was on holiday last week, and her children were too.
_________________________________________________
• →
She was on holiday last week, and so were her children.
_________________________________________________

• 8. Vitamins are not produced by our body.
• Minerals............................................
• →
Vitamins are not produced by our body, and minerals aren’t either.
_________________________________________________
• →
Vitamins are not produced by our body, neither are minerals .
_________________________________________________

Bila Predikat dalam kalimat
hanya berupa kata kerja penuh
bentuk I (simple present), maka
dalam kalimat eliptik kata kerja
tersebut harus diganti dengan “do”
atau “does”.
Example 1.
He goes to UNPAM everyday
I ............................

dibuat kalimat eliptik menjadi:

He goes to UNPAM everyday, and I do too.


Atau :
He goes to UNPAM everyday,and so do I

kata kerja “go”


diganti dengan
kata bantu “do”
Example 2.
Animals need water to live.
Plants .............................

dibuat kalimat eliptik menjadi:

Animals need water to live, and plants do too.


Atau :
Animals need water to live,and so do plants.

kata kerja “need”


diganti dengan
kata bantu “do”
Example 3
I like news programs on TV.
My father ..........................

dibuat kalimat eliptik menjadi:


I like news programs on TV, and my father does too.
Atau
I like news programs on TV, and so does my father.

kata kerja “likes”


diganti dengan
kata bantu “does”
QUIZ TIME
Gabungkan pasangan kalimat berikut
menjadi kalimat eliptik. Gunakan
kata pembentuk eliptik yang sesuai
dengan kalimat tersebut.
Ingat! Kalimat Positif gunakan “too
“atau “so”, dan Kalimat Negatif
gunakan “either” atau “neither”
1. She likes Sundanese food.
I ....................................
You write :
She likes Sundanese food,and I do too.
Or you can also say:
She likes Sundanese food,and so do I.
2. They don’t subscribe the paper.
You.......................................
You write:
They don’t subscribe the paper,and you
don’t either.
Or you can also say:
They don’t subscribe the paper, and
neither do you.
3. A buffalo eats grass.
A cow ........................

You write:
A buffalo eats grass, and a cow does too.
Or you can also say:
A buffalo eats grass,and so does a cow.
4. We don’t like alcoholic drink.
He .....................................
You write:
We don’t like alcoholic drink, and he
doesn’t either.
Or you can also say:
We don’t like alcoholic drink,and neither
does he.
5. Newspapers get money from ads.
Magazines....................................
You write:
Newspapers get money from ads,and
magazines do too.
or you can write:
Newspapers get money from ads,and so
do magazines.
• 6. My mother likes reading.
• My father .....................
• →
My mother likes reading, and my father does too
_________________________________________________
• →
My mother likes reading, and so does my father
_________________________________________________

• 7. I don’t understand what he said.
• They.....................................
• →
I don’t understand what he said, and they don’t either.
_________________________________________________
• →
I don’t understand what he said, and neither do they.
_________________________________________________
Bila Predikat dalam kalimat
hanya berupa kata kerja penuh
bentuk II (simple past), maka
dalam kalimat eliptik kata kerja
tersebut harus diganti dengan
“did”.
Example 1
1. They played football yesterday.
We ............................................

dieliptikkan menjadi:
They played football yesterday, and we did too.
Or :
They played football yesterday, and so did we.

kata kerja “played”


diganti dengan
kata bantu “did”
Example 2
1. Students went to school yesterday.
Teachers .....................................

dieliptikkan menjadi:
Students went to school yesterday,and teachers did
too.
Or :
Students went to school yesterday,and so did
teachers .
QUIZ TIME
Gabungkan pasangan kalimat berikut
menjadi kalimat eliptik. Gunakan
kata pembentuk eliptik yang sesuai
dengan kalimat tersebut.
Ingat! “too “diletakkan di akhir
kalimat eliptik dan “so” diletakkan di
awal kalimat eliftik.
1. Jakarta suffered from floods.
Bandung ...........................

Jakarta suffered from floods, and Bandung did


too.
Or :
Jakarta suffered from floods, and so did
Bandung.
2. I came late to college
She ...........................

I came late to school,and she did too.


Or:
I came late to school,and so did she.
3. I watched the film.
My sister ................

I watched the film,and my sister did too.


Or :
I watched the film,and so did my sister.
4. I got up late this morning.
My brother ....................

I got up late this morning,and my brother did too.


Or:
I got up late this morning,and so did my brother.
5. Badminton got gold medals in SEA GAMES.
Volley ball ..............................................

Badminton got gold medals in SEA GAMES,and Volley


ball did too.
Or:

Badminton got gold medals in SEA GAMES,and so did


volley ball.
Latihan 6
Lengkapilah Kalimat Eliptik berikut dengan
kata pembentuk eliptik ( too, so, either,
neither ) dan “auxiliary” ( tobe, modal, do,
does, did ).
Example :
My mother goes to the market every
Sunday, and my aunt...............................

Answer :
does too.
1. The President will come to the ceremony,and the Vice
President...................
will too.
2. Mrs.Erna teaches English,and ....................Mrs.Nina.
so does
didn’t either
3. He didn’t answer the question correctly, and I..................
so did Annisa.
4. Rizal made one mistake in the test, and ..............
is too
5. Indonesia is the member of UN, and Thailand................
6. We should keep this room clean, and .......................they.
so should
can’t either
7. I can’t remember his name, and she ............
8. You want to pass the exam, and I....................
do too
Latihan 7

Responlah kalimat berikut ini dengan


menggunakan kalimat eliptik. Gunakan
“So........I” untuk merespon pernyataan
positif dan gunakan “Neither.........I” untuk
merespon pernyataan negatif.
Example:
1. Your friend : I am hungry now.
You : So am I
Let’s go to the canteen,then.
2. Your friend : I can’t anwser question
number 5.
You : Neither can I
Let’s ask our friends,then.
1. Your friend : I am sleepy now
You : So am I
Let’s have some coffee,then.
2. Your friend : I can’t understand what she
explained.
You : Neither can I
Let’s ask her to explain one
more time,then.
3. Your friend : I am tired now
You : So am I
Let’s take a rest,then.
4. Your friend : I didn’t do my home work.
You : Neither did I
Let’s do it now,then.
5.Your friend: I don’t like horror films.
You : Neither do I
Let’s find another film,then.
6. Your friend : I am not ready to go now.
You : Neither am I
Let’s go later,then.
7. Your friend : I will go to the beach tomorrow
You : So will I
Let’s go together,then.

8. Your friend : I like reading detective stories.


You : So do I
So we have the same
hobby,then.
9. Your friend : I got 9 in the English test.
You : So did I
So we got the same
mark,then.

10. Your friend : I’ve never been to the


new bookstore,yet.
You : Neither have I
What about going there
next Sunday?
That’s all.

Thanks for joining us


we’ll see next time.
Good bye!