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Nurwatik, ST.., M.Sc
Disaster Management
◦ Hazard
a source threat that may or may not lead to an emergency or disaster caused by
hydrological, meteorological, seismic, volcanic, mass-movement, or other natural
processes that present a threat to human populations and communities such dead,
injured, and property damages (ESRI, 2006; Haddow, Bullock, & Coppola, 2011)

◦ Disaster
A hazard can be categorized as disaster unless it interacts with vulnerable of exposed
elements (Cordona, et al., 2012; CRED and UNISDR, 2015) and the situation cause
widespread damage which far beyond our ability to recover.
Thereby the term of disaster refers to any destructive event which brings threats to
surrounding exposures either lives or properties.
Risk Assessment

Scott et al., 2016

Disaster Management Cycle
◦ identifying and determining the location of hazards and its characteristics consist of
duration, seasonal or other time-based, speed, and the availability of warnings
◦ Risk Assessment = H x V

Recovery Preparedness



FEMA, 2006
◦ Mitigation is the sustain activities to reduce and eliminate the degree of long-term risk
to citizens and property from the effect derived by hazards. The product of mitigation is
usually a document of mitigation plan including policies and strategies such as land
use controls, emergency facility mapping, evacuation planning
◦ Preparedness is claimed to be the beginning of emergency management cycle, as
preparedness defined as the capacities and knowledge developed by governments
and professionals with respect to operational capabilities to face emergency situations
(United Nations, 2008; Gunes, Kovel, & ASCE, 2000; Scott, Carr, Govindaradjane, &
Rogers, 2016). The product of preparedness refers to a document of emergency
operation plans established after the whole cycle of preparedness has been
◦ The response is the necessary action to address immediate and short-term effects of
disaster to fulfill life prevention and basic subsistence needs of affected people
(Mansourian et al., 2006; OCHA, 2008; Scott et al., 2016)
◦ Recovery is the actions conducted by organizations and communities that aims to
restore the people affected, the location, and the function within community back to
normal as soon as possible
The function of toponyme data
◦ Detailed information about impacted area
◦ name, (RT, RW)
◦ Location
◦ Range area

◦ Detailed information about historical disaster for preventing the next disaster
◦ Intensity
◦ Severity
◦ Frequency
◦ Location
◦ Impacted area
The function of toponyme data
◦ Real-time information about the disaster location and the possible impacted area

◦ Near Real-time information about mitigation plan, response plan

◦ Map (mitigation, evacuation, resource deployment)
◦ Strategy