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SIMULASI PRARANCANGAN

PABRIK DIETHYL
PHTHALATE KAPASITAS
35.000 TON/TAHUN
Anggota:

M. Fadli Jamil
Liandri Abellia Sherin Akemy
Silvi Nofita Sari
PENDAHULUAN

Salah satu industri kimia yang berkembang dengan pesat adalah industri bahan polimer, yang
menghasilkan berbagai jenis produk plastik, serat sintesis, dan sebagainya. Pada proses
pembuatan bahan polimer, selain memerlukan resin sebagai bahan baku utama, juga
diperlukan suatu tambahan yang di sebut dengan plastizer, yaitu bahan yang ditambahkan
pada resin agar menjadi lunak dan mudah dibentuk (flexible), sehingga mempermudah proses
fabrikasi .

Di Indonesia belum terdapat pabrik dimethyl phtalat, maka kebutuhan dimethyl phthalate di
Indonesia saat ini dipasok dengan impor. Untuk mengurangi impor dimethyl phthalate yang
berlebihan dan agar dapat mengimpor ke luar negeri maka dibuatlah simulasi pra rancangan
pabrik dimethyl phthlat.
Proses pembuatan dimethyl phthlat dilakukan di dalam
reaktor alir tangka berpengaduk (RATB) dimana bahan
baku yang berupa methanol dan phthalic anhydride
serta katalis yang berupa H2SO4 dimasukan secara
bersamaan melalui bagian atas reactor.

PERANCANG Reaksi pembuatan dimethyl anhydride merupakan reaksi


esterifikasi antara phtalic anhydride dengan methanol
AN PROSES menggunakan katalis asam sulfat 98%.

Reaksi berjalan pada kisaran suhu 150 oC – 200oC dengan


tekanan atmospheric dengan pertimbangan bahwa pada
kondisi tersebut laju pembentukan dimethyl phthalate
optimal.
1. Metanol dari tangki penyimanan methanol yang
bersuhu 30oC dan tekanan 1 atm dipompakan ke

PERSIAPAN dalam reaktor dengan menggunakan pompa


methanol.

BAHAN BAKU 2. Phthalic anhydrifde padat dari gudang


penyimpanan diumpankan ke dalam hopper dengan
menggunakan belt conveyor dan bucket elevator.
Reaksi yang terjadi di dalam reaktor:

PA + methanol → MMP
MMP + methanol → DMP + Air

Phthalic anhydride dari silo dan methanol yang berasal dari tangki
TAHAPAN penyimpanan methanol diumpankan ke dalam reactor dengan perbandingan
1:2.25.

REAKSI Reaksi esterifikasi ini merupakan reactor jenis CSTR yang dilengkapi
dengan koil pendingin. Reaktor beroperasi secara isothermal pada suhu
150oC dan tekanan 1 atm. Reaksi yang terjadi adalah reaksi eksotermis,
maka untuk mempertahankan suhu digunakan koil pendingin. Pendingin
yang digunakan adalah air dengan suhu masuk 30 oC dan tekanan 1 atm.
Campuran produk ini didingkan terlebih dahulan dengan cooler agar
suhu menjadi 89oC dan tekanan 1 atm sebelum diumpankan ke dekaner
1 dengan bantuan pompa. Dalam decanter sebagian besar senyawa-
senyawa yang tidak larut dalam air (dimethyl phthalate, monomethyl
phthalate, dan pthalic acid) terpisah dengan enyawa yang larut dalam
air (methanol dan asam sulfat). Hasil bawah decanter 1 berupa
dimethyl phthalate, monomethyl phthalate, dan phthalic acic.

TAHAPAN Sedangkan hasil bawahnya berupa air, methanol, asam sulfat dan
sebagian hasil bawah yang terikut ke atas.

PEMURNIAN Hasil dekanter I dimurnikan kembali dan diumpankan ke decanter II.


Kemudian hail bawahnya disimpan di dalam tangka penyimpanan
produk bersamaan dengan produk dari decanter I. Dan hasil atas dari
decanter II diumpankan ke dalam evaporator
PENDAHULUAN

Dalam evaporator, air dan methanol akan terpisahkan di bagian atas


evaporator, sedangkan dimethyl phthalate, monomethyl phthalate, phthalic
acid, dan asam sulfat akan terpisahkan pada bagian bawah evaporator. Pada

TAHAPAN bagian atas evaporator diumpankan ke Menara distilasi. Pada Menara distilasi,
methanol akan dipisahkan dari air

PEMURNIAN
LANGKAH SIMULASI
DENGAN APLIKASI
ASPEN PLUS
PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAM
1. Input komponen
2. Memilih metode
3. Input dan kondisi operasi phtalic
4. Input dan kondisi operasi metanol
5. Input dan kondisi mixer
6. Input laju alir dan kondisi operasi asam sulfat
7. Input laju alir dan kondisi operasi reaktor
8. Memilih jenis reaksi
8. Memilih jenis reaksi
9. Input persamaan reasi 1
10. Input persamaan reasi 2
11. Input persamaan kinetika reaksi 1
12. Input persamaan kinetika reaksi 2
13. Hasil running
14. Kondisi operasi cooler
15. Kondisi operasi decanter
16. Hasil running
17. Kondisi operasi separator 1
18. Hasil running
19. Kondisi operasi separator 2
20. Hasil running separator
21. Hasil running mixer
22. Kondisi operasi evaporator
23. Hasil running evaporator
24. Kondisi operasi recycle
24. Kondisi operasi recycle
24. Kondisi operasi recycle
KESIMPULAN

Berdasarkan hasil perancangan, proses pembuatan dimethyl phthalat dilakukan


dalam reaktor alir tangki berpengaduk (RATB) dengan kondisi operasi T : 150 oC dan
P : 1 atm dan volume di dalam reaktor 16972,7 L. Reaksi yang terjadi adalah reaksi
eksotermis, maka untuk mempertahankan suhu diperlukan koil pendingin.

Pada proses pemisahan penggunaan dekanter kurang baik karena apabila


menggunakan decanter masih banyak pengotornya sehingga tiadk bisa mendapatkan
kemurnian yang tinggi. Maka disarankan menggunakan separator.
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20. Hasil running mixer
7. Input laju alir dan kondisi operasi reaktor
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SATUR 95.2 9.4 1.16


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2008
Venus has a beautiful
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2005 2010
Despite being red, Mars Saturn is a gas giant and
is a cold place has rings
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It’s a gas giant and the
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SATURN MERCURY
Yes, this is the Mercury is the
ringed one. It’s a closest planet to the
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VENUS MARS
Venus has a Despite being red,
To modify this graph, click on it, follow the link, change the
beautiful name, but Mars is a cold place data and paste the new graph here
it’s hot
STEP BY STEP
MARS VENUS
Mars is cold Venus has a nice
place name

01 03
02 04
JUPITER SATURN
Jupiter is a gas Saturn is the
giant ringed one
STRATEGY
01
VENUS
Venus has a nice name

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MARS
KEY ACTION 1 Mars is cold place

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JUPITER
GOAL Jupiter is a gas giant

The Sun is the star 04


SATURN
Saturn is the ringed one
KEY ACTION 2
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MARS VENUS SATURN
333,000.00
earths is the Sun’s mass

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is Jupiter’s rotation period

386,000 km
separates Earth and the Moon
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