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Kelompok 5

ORGANIZATIONAL DSS dan


TOPIK – TOPIK
PENGEMBANGANNYA
.
APPS
Jadi….
ODSS adalah
KONSEP ORGANIZATIONAL DSS (ODSS)

• J E N I S D A R I S I S T E M PA D A C O N T O H D I
ATA S , D I S E B U T D E N G A N O R G A N I Z AT I O N A L
DSS (ODSS).
• D E F I N I S I D A R I O D S S , S A L A H S AT U N YA :
APLIKASI TEKNOLOGI KOMPUTER DAN
K O M U N I K A S I U N T U K M E N I N G K AT K A N
PROSES PENGAMBILAN KEPUTUSAN
ORGANISASIONAL.
KARAKTER ODSS
KARAKTERISTIK ODSS :

• F O K U S PA D A
T U G A S / A K T I F I TA S / K E P U T U S A N
ORGANISASIONAL/MASALAH PERUSAHAAN.
• ODSS MEMOTONG FUNGSI-FUNGSI
O R G A N I S A S I / L AY E R H I R A R K I .
• O D S S M E L I B AT K A N T E K N O L O G I B E R B A S I S
KOMPUTER DAN JUGA TEKNOLOGI
KOMUNIKASI.
Jenis-Jenis ODSS
JENIS-JENIS ODSS

1. T I P E 0:
2. T I P E 1:
3. T I P E 2:
4. T I P E 3:
FASE MEMBANGUN ODSS
1. P E N D A H U L U A N .
2. M E N G E M B A N G K A N D E S A I N K O N S E P T U A L .
3. M E N G E M B A N G K A N S I S T E M .
4. M E N G I M P L E M E N T A S I K A N D A N
MENGELOLA SISTEM.
HAL-HAL YANG HARUS DIPERHATIKAN DALAM
MENGIMPLEMENTASIKAN ODSS

1. STEERING COMMITTEE (PROJECT TEAM.


2. SYSTEM MANAGEMENT OFFICE.
3. CONCEPTUAL DESIGN
Perbedaan
ODSS dan DSS
PERBEDAAN ANTARA DSS REGULAR DAN ODSS:
  Regular (Traditional) DSS ODSS

Purpose Improve performance of an individual decision maker, or of a Improve the efficiency and effectiveness of organizational decision
small group. making.

Policies Must “sell” the system to an individual. The system must be sold to the
organization.

Construction Usually an informal process (except in large DSS). Significant undertaking; requires structured approach.

Focus On the individual and on his or her objectives. Focus on the functions to be performed and not on the individual
users.

Support Support is usually provided to one individual, or one unit, in one Disseminate and coordinate decision making across functional areas,
location. hierarchical levels, and geographically
dispersed units.
• MODEL BASE.
S AT U M O D U L ( ATA U S AT U M O D E L ) D A PAT D I G U N A K A N O L E H
D I R I N YA S E N D I R I U N T U K M E M P E L A J A R I P E N G A R U H
K E P U T U S A N YA N G D I A J U K A N PA D A B A G I A N T E RT E N T U D A R I
O R G A N I S A S I , ATA U S E C A R A I N T E R A K T I F D E N G A N M O D U L L A I N
U N T U K M E M P E L A J A R I P E N G A R U H YA N G L E B I H L U A S .
• D ATA B A S E .
D ATA B A S E M E N Y E D I A K A N I N P U T K E M O D U L , M E N YA R I N G
OUTPUT DARI MODUL UNTUK LAPORAN MANAJEMEN, DAN
S E L A L U T E R S E D I A B I L A U S E R M E M I N TA S E C A R A L A N G S U N G .
I N F O R M A S I D I H A S I L K A N O L E H S AT U M O D U L S E C A R A
O T O M AT I S A K A N T E R S E D I A J U G A PA D A M O D U L YA N G L A I N .
M E N D U K U N G B A I K U N T U K D ATA I N T E R N A L M A U P U N
E K S T E R N A L . S I S T E M TA K P E R L U H A N YA S AT U , D ATA B A S E ,
G A B U N G A N D ATA B A S E , ATA U P U N D ATA B A S E T E R I N T E G R A S I .
P E L B A G A I M O D U L B I S A S A J A M E M I L I K I D ATA B A S E N YA
SENDIRI-SENDIRI. NAMUN DEMIKIAN ADMINISTRASI
D ATA B A S E H A R U S D I S E N T R A L I S A S I D A N P E N G A K S E S A N N YA
MELALUI ENTERPRISE-WIDE-NETWORK.
• USER INTERFACE.

K A R E N A U S E R O D S S B U K A N L A H PA R A P R O G R A M E R ,
M A K A A N TA R M U K A H A R U S L A H B E R B E N T U K M E N U
(MENU DRIVEN), MUDAH DIPELAJARI, DAN MUDAH
D I G U N A K A N . U S E R ( TA N PA B A N T U A N D A R I
PROGRAMER) HARUS MAMPU UNTUK:
• M E M I N TA I N F O R M A S I D A R I D AT A B A S E .
• M E M B U AT P E R U B A H A N S E M E N TA R A ATA U T E TA P
PA D A D ATA D A L A M D ATA B A S E ( J I K A M E M I L I K I
KEWENANGAN).
• M E N E N T U K A N PA R A M E T E R D A N I N P U T D ATA
U N T U K S U AT U M O D U L .
• MENJALANKAN MODUL, DAN
• M E N G AT U R L A P O R A N O U T P U T ( S K U P, A G R E G A S I ,
P E R I O D E WA K T U ) .
• DATA.
S U AT U O D S S L E B I H B E S A R K E B U T U H A N N YA
A K A N D ATA D I B A N D I N G K A N D E N G A N D S S B I A S A ,
D A N H A R U S L E B I H M E M B E R I P E R H AT I A N L E B I H
PA D A A S P E K I N I D A L A M S I S T E M . S E C A R A U M U M ,
T E R D A PAT 4 J E N I S D ATA YA N G D I G U N A K A N
D A L A M M E M B A N G U N S U AT U O D S S . D ATA I N I
A D A L A H D ATA :
• U N T U K M E M A H A M I ATA U M E N D E F I N I S I K A N
S I T U A S I M A S A L A H YA N G A K A N D I S E L E S A I K A N .
• U N T U K M E M P E R K I R A K A N S I FAT A L A M I A H
MODEL.
• U N T U K M E M VA L I D A S I M O D E L , AT A U
• U N T U K M E N J A L A N K A N M O D E L ( I N P U T D ATA ) .
• INTEGRASI DAN JARINGAN.
O D S S M E L I B AT K A N P E L B A G A I M O D E L D A N D ATA B A S E . M A K A
M E N G I N T E G R A S I K A N M O D E L , D ATA , D A N K N O W L E D G E
A D A L A H M E R U PA K A N P R O S E S YA N G K O M P L E K S .
• INTELLIGENT DSS (ACTIVE, SYMBIOTICS).
D S S D A PAT D I B U AT L E B I H C E R D A S D E N G A N M E N A M B A H K A N
K O M P O N E N K E C E R D A S A N D I D A L A M N YA .
• ACTIVE (SYMBIOTICS) DSS
A C T I V E D S S H A R U S B I SA M E N A N G A N I TA SK B E R IK U T:
 M E M A H A M I D O M A I N ( I S T I L A H , PA R A M E T E R , I N T E R A K S I ) .
DISINI ACTIVE DSS BISA MENYEDIAKAN PENJELASAN
( E X P L A N AT I O N ) .
 M E R U M U S K A N M A S A L A H . D A PAT M E M B A N T U D A L A M
M E N E N T U K A N A S U M S I , A B S T R A K S I K E N YATA A N ,
M E M U T U S K A N M A N A YA N G R E L E VA N , D A N S E T E R U S N YA .
 M E R E L A S I K A N M A S A L A H K E P E N Y E L E S A I A N . D A PAT
MEMBANTU DENGAN INTERAKSI PENYELESAIAN MASALAH
YA N G S E S U A I , M E M B E R I N A S E H AT P R O S E D U R M A N A YA N G
D I G U N A K A N , T E K N I K S O L U S I A PA YA N G H A R U S D I I K U T I ,
D A N S E T E R U S N YA .
 ME N G I N T E R P RE TA SI K A N H A S I L .
 MENJELASKAN HASIL DAN KEPUTUSAN.
• MANAJEMEN MASALAH.

Problem Management Functional Requirements Architectural Support


Stage

Problem finding Perceptual filters, knowledge management Flexible knowledge management; intelligent
filters

Problem representation Model and pattern Flexible dialog and knowledge


management, suspension of management; reason maintenance system; pattern
judgment search strategies

Information surveillance Knowledge and model Demons; intelligent lenses;


management scanners; evaluators; interpreters

Solution generation Knowledge management, idea generation Idea and solution model
management; heuristic and analytic
drivers

Solution evalution Meta-level dialog and knowledge Flexible knowledge management; analytic and
management symbolic processors
• STRUKTUR.
CONTOH KASUS PEMANFAATAN DALAM DUKUNGAN
PENGAMBILAN KEPUTUSAN (DSS) DALAM LINGKUNGAN
KERJA .
TUJUAN IDSC (INFORMATION AND DECISION SUPPORT
CENTER) UNTUK KABINET

• MENGEMBANGKAN INFORMASI DAN


S I S T E M D U K U N G A N B A G I K A B I N E T.
• MENDUKUNG PENGADAAN INFORMASI
T E R K E L O L A B A G I U S E R D A N P U S AT
P E N D U K U N G K E P U T U S A N PA D A 3 2
KEMENTERIAN.
• MENGEMBANGKAN, MENDUKUNG,
M E N G AWA L I P R O J E K I S YA N G D A PAT
M E M P E R C E PAT P E N G E M B A N G A N
P E M E R I N TA H A N M E S I R .
KESIMPULAN
DSS ORGANISASIONAL BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN
P E N G A M B I L A N K E P U T U S A N PA D A L AY E R A R E A
FUNGSIONALDAN HIRARKI ORGANISASIONAL.ODSS
D I G U N A K A N B A I K PA D A I N D I V I D U M A U P U N G R U P D A N I A
BEROPERASI DALAM LINGKUNGAN TERDISTRIBUSI ODSS
B E R H U B U N G A N D E N G A N TA S K / T U G A S O R G A N I S A S I O N A L .
A D A B E B E R A PA J E N I S I N T E L L I G E N T D S S . S U AT U
I N T E L L I G E N T D S S H A R U S B I S A B E R P E R A N A K T I F YA N G
B E R H U B U N G A N D E N G A N TA S K / T U G A S P E N Y E L E S A I A N
M A S A L A H YA N G R A N C U D A N K O M P L E K S . K E C E R D A S A N
D I TA M B A H K A N K E D S S D E N G A N M E N E M P E L K A N
K N O W L E D G E B A S E D A L A M S O F T WA R E D S S . K E C E R D A S A N
DIPERLUKAN SECARA KHUSUS DALAM MANAJEMEN
MASALAH.

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