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J Power Scenario in India

J Power Crisis ƛ Renewable Energy can fill the gap

J Future Prospects

J Historical Challenges for Renewable Energy

J Future Road Map

J Cygnus in Renewable Energy space


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J Countryƞs power generation capacity -160,000 MW ( Per capita
consumption of energy - 704.2 kWh per annum (2007-08)
J Peak Electricity Demand exceeds Supply by 13.3% (March 2010,
Provisional data by CEA)
J Indiaƞs commercial energy supply needs to grow by about 6% per
annum to sustain 8% GDP growth
J 11th plan targets addition of 78,700 MW spending Rs 6.67 L Crores
( as per mid plan review, 50,000 MW is expected to be added)
J Private sector contribution on the rise (from 25% in 10th plan to
36% in 11th plan)
J Over 65% of power from Thermal sources

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J Imperatives for Renewable Energies
[ Sustenance of energy demand canƞt be achieved
through fossil fuel as the limited reserves are fast
depleting (vers abundant supplies of sun shine ,water
and garbage)
[ Global warming and Clean Development drive forcing
countries to reduce polluting industries
[ Carbon Credits encouraging companies to go in for
captive renewable energy investments

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J Grid-interactive power installed capacity from renewable energy sources as
of Oct 31, 2009:
[ Total capacity : 15,542 MW
[ Wind ƛ 10,891 MW ( 70%)
[ Bio-mass ƛ 2125 MW ( 13%)
[ Small Hydro (less than 25 MW) ƛ 2,520 MW ( 16%)
[ Solar ƛ 6 MW ( less than 1 %)
J Off-Grid (distributed power) as on Oct 31, 2009ƛ mostly captive
[ Total capacity ƛ 331 MW
[ Bio-mass ƛ 328 MW
[ Solar- 3 MW

J By March 2012, total capacity from renewable sources is expected to

reach 24,000 MW, accounting for nearly 12% of the total envisaged
capacity from all sources (vers 10 % as of Oct 2009)
J Capacity addition of 30,000 MW is envisaged during 12th Plan for
renewables, raising the total capacity to 54,000 MW by 2022, which would
comprise 40,000 MW wind power, 6,500 MW from small hydropower and
7,500 MW from biomass
J Potential from renewables energy sources is estimated to be approximately
85,000 MW

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J India - among top 5 countries in the world with potential for solar energy day time production
peak coincides with peak electricity demand making solar ideal supplement to grid

J High Capital Costs of solar power plants ( Rs 17 cr /MW vers Rs 4 Cr for thermal ) and
generation cost ( Rs 13.45 ƛ Rs 18.44 /KWH) historically restricted its growth versus thermal
power; however things are changing in the last few years

J Solar energy generation in India broadly falls into three categories namelyƛƛSolar Thermal
Energy, Solar Photovaltic (SPV) Systems and Solar Cookers

J More than 700,000 Photovaltic systems generating 44 MW have been installed all over India

J As of 31.03.2008, over 33 grid interactive solar photovoltaic power plants, with aggregate
capacity of 2.12 MW, estimated to generate 2.55 million units of electricity annually, installed in
the country with financial support from the Government.

J In addition, around 1.45 million decentralized off-grid solar photovoltaic systems aggregating to
about 125 Megawatt capacity installed in the country, which is capable of generating about 150
million units in a year

J In India, solar water heaters are the most popular of all renewable energy devices. As of
31.03.2008, a collector area of about 2.15 million square meters has been installed for solar
water heating applications 1


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J The Union Government announced the Jawaharlal Nehru National
Solar Mission, aiming to make India a global leader in solar energy.
The mission envisages an installed solar generation capacity of
20,000 MW by 2020, of 100,000 MW by 2030 and of 200,000 MW
by 2050.

J Total funding from the government for the 30-year period will be
approximately Rs850 billion to Rs1,050 billion
  includes :

[ Investment of Rs50-60 billion during 11th Five Year Plan

[ Investment of Rs150 billion during 12th Plan period

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J Government is encouraging investments in solar energy by
providing various incentives and duty concessions
J Capital subsidy in case of semi conductor based units
J Provisions for accelerated depreciation for solar manufacturers
J Low import duty for several raw materials and components required
for solar projects
J 100% EOU is permissible and also permitted to import raw materials
and component duty free
J Soft loans to users, intermediaries and manufacturers



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J In terms of wind power installed capacity, India is ranked
5th in the World after the US, Germany, Spain and China
with a wind power installed capacity (cumulative) of
about 10,242 MW in FY09 (vers potential of 48,000 mw)

J A targeted addition of 10,500MW out of 14,000 MW for

renewable energy for 11th Plan

J Top states in India with wind power capacity : Tamil

Nadu, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Gujarat and Rajasthan

J Capital cost : Rs 5.5 ƛ 6 Cr/ MW

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J Total potential for wind power in India was estimated by the Centre for
Wind energy technology (C-Wet) at 48.5 GW

J Government of India has announced generation-based incentive of Rs0.50 /

unit of electricity from wind power projects, subject to maximum of Rs6.2
million per MW to increase investor base

J The study, Wind Energy Outlook 2009, also indicates that wind energy can
provide up to 24 percent of Indiaƞs power needs by 2030, while creating
213,000 green jobs and cutting 5.5 billion tons of CO2 emissions

J Government of India is planning to infuse around Rs600 billion in next few

years under 11th five year plan in this industry, which will boost the growth
of this sector and help reach this estimated installed capacity

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J India ranks 8th in the world in terms of hydro power generation

J Hydropower contributes only 24% of the total power capacity (overall

capacity 156,092 MW) as on 31st December 2009

J India plans to increase it to 40% in next eight years time

J As per the assessment of Central Electricity Agency (CEA), the country has
the potential to harness 148,700 MW of hydro power installed capacity from
the identified basins & rivers

J Hydro power investment is attractive on various counts ƛ proven

technology, low O&M costs; high energy conversion efficiency of around

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J Currently, globally, biomass contributes 14% of the total energy supply worldwide
and 38% of this energy is consumed in developing countries, predominantly in the
rural and traditional sectors of the economy

J Main driver for growth for biomass energy in India - growing concern of
indoor air pollution within houses, especially in village houses, where
large emission of toxic waste due to burning of wood for domestic uses

J Today, over 100 million households are using biomass for cooking

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Investment Opportunities Existing in Biogas:

J Manufacture of biogas burners

J Manufacture of high quality biogas lamps

J Production of dual-fuel and biogas engines

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J Optimal pricing of power generated from the renewable energy

J Quality and consistency issue of renewable power arising from the

intermittent nature of electricity from wind and small hydropower,

J The costs of technology development and production need to be

reduced significantly from current levels

J Availability of financing especially project finance for Renewable

J Creditworthiness of counterparties has posed challenges

J Slow pace of rural electrification and pace of reforms in the rural

electricity sector

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J So far, grid connected renewable energy generation was the main attraction for

J However, recently State Bank of India has set up wind farm project for 15 MW,
covering TN, Gujarat and Maharashtra , for captive consumption

J Besides, SBI will be eligible now to get carbon credit also due to its clean energy

J Suzlon Energy was the supplier of wind turbines for this project which was
completed in 4 months .

J As a corporate social initiative for clean energy drive this is the first initiative in the

J This sets a new trend in terms of clean energy projects in India and more
corporates may follow the footsteps of SBI

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J A wide range of Business Intelligence Products covering Economies, Industry ( 35 sectors)
and Companies

J Business Research (For Corporates)

[ Market surveys (B2B)
[ Competition Analysis
[ Market entry / growth strategies

J Credit Research (For Banks)

[ Techno Economic Viability Studies (Credit Appraisals)
[ Sectoral studies

J Securities Research (For Investment banks, Financial Services companies)

[ Equity research (IPO reports, Equity Valuations)

J Internship Services ( For Students/ Fresher/ Working Professionals)

[ Macro economic and industry analysis skills
[ Business Strategy & Performance Analysis
[ Live projects under the guidance of Cygnus Managers
[ Skills Development & Skills Enhancement

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Business Research Projects ƛ (Select case in recent past)

Project profile One of the largest investment in the poly-silicon

manufacturing supplementing the need for solar grade
PV Cells
Our work Market Assessment of Solar- grade Photo Voltaic cells in

Feasibility Studies ƛ (Select case in energy sector in recent past)

Project profile Techno-economic viability studies in biomass, solar
cell, wind energy and power plants.
Our work Assessment of project and its viability at the behest
of bank.

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J Focused on Business Research and Consultancy in
Renewable Energies offering following services:

J Publication of reports in all sub-sectors of Renewable

energies ( Solar, Wind, Bio-mass ,Small hydel etc)

J Market studies

J Feasibility studies

J Credit appraisals

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