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presentation on different types of fabrics

DISCRIPTION
chiffon
q Chiffon is aFrench word which means cloth
or rag. it is a lightweight, balanced plain-
woven sheer fabric. Chiffon is made from
cotton, Chiffon can be dyed to almost any
shade desired, but if it is made out of
polyester it can be difficult to dye. Under a
magnifying glass it resembles a fine net or
mesh silk or synthetic fibers.
q In other word we can say that Chiffon is a
textile made from silk, cotton, nylon,
polyester, or rayon. It tends to be sheer,
with a faint shimmer and a simple weave.
When held up to the light, chiffon strongly
resembles closely woven netting.
q USES-Chiffon is generally used in evening
and formal wear, since it drapes well and
can add a floaty look to gowns and
dresses.
Chiffonis  Plain.Lightwe ight, she e r, and transpare nt use d fo r    
Eve ning we ar, blo use s and sc arve s.
georgette
q Georgette is a sheer, lightweight, dull-
finished crêpe fabric named after the early

Ge o rge tte  silk fabric


20th century. Originally made of silk and
later of rayon or blends, modern georgette
is often made of synthetic filament yarns
Georgette is plain or tabby woven, and like
other crepes. Georgette's characteristic
crinkly surface is created by alternating S-
and Z-twist yarns in both warp and weft.
q Georgette fabrics are often made of silk. The
twisted crepe fibers from which georgette

Printe d ge o rge tte  fabric


silk fabric is made give it a springy quality
that rebounds its shapes once loosened
from the stretched grip. While this quality
makes georgette fabric somewhat difficult
to sew, the attires developed from it are
well worth the effort.
q USES- Blouses, dresses, evening gowns, and
trimmings. It is springier and less lustrous
than the closely-related chiffon.
SATIN
q Satin is a weave that typically has a glossy
surface and a dull back. It is a warp-
dominated weaving technique that forms
a minimum number of interlacings in a
fabric.
 If a fabric is formed with a satin weave using
filament fibres such as silk, nylon, or
polyester, the corresponding fabric is
termed a satin.
 A satin-woven fabric tends to have a high
luster due to the high number of floats on
the fabric.

POLYESTER STIN 
 Floats are missed interlacings, where the
warp yarn lies on top of the weft yarn, or
vice versa. The floats tend to make the
fabric look glossier as well as give it a
smoother surface.
 USES- Apparel: satin baseball jackets,
athletic shorts, women's lingerie,
nightgowns, blouses and evening gowns,
but also in some men's boxer shorts, shirts
and neckties.
DE CHINE
 De Chine, also spelled Crêpe De Chine.
 Light and fine plainwoven dress fabric
produced either with all-silk warp and
weft or else with a silk warp and hard-
spun worsted weft.
 A crepe de Chine texture has a slightly
crepe character, a feature produced by
the use of weft, or filling, yarns spun
with the twist running in reverse
directions and known as right-hand and
left-hand twist, respectively. During
weaving, the picks of filling are inserted
in the order of “two-and-two”.
 During the finishing operation, because of
the abnormal amount of twist in the
picks of filling, these tend to untwist and
recover their normal condition, thereby
causing the characteristic effect of
typical crepe de Chine.
q
CORDUORY
 Corduroy is a textile composed of twisted fibers
that, when woven, lie parallel (similar to twill) to
one another to form the cloth's distinct pattern,
a "cord.“
 Corduroy is, in essence, a ridged form of velvet. As
a fabric, corduroy is considered a durable cloth.
 Corduroy is made by weaving extra sets of fiber
into the base fabric to form vertical ridges called
wales. The wales are built so that clear lines can
be seen when they are cut into pile.
 Corduroy is found in the construction of trousers,
jackets and shirts.
 The width of the cord is commonly referred to as
the size of the "wale“.
 Corduroy’s wale count per inch can vary from 1.5
to 21, although the traditional standard falls
somewhere between 10 and 12.
 Wide wale is more commonly used in trousers;
medium, narrow, and fine wale fabrics are
usually found in garments worn above the waist.
q USES- it is used for trousers, shirts, ladies wear
garments.

 FABRIC STUDY

 SUBMITTED TO: SUBMITTED BY


 MR ABSHIEK BAJAJ JAYANT KUMAR